Author: Isadora Caruso

Picture of Isadora Caruso

Isadora Caruso

SEO Content Coordinator at Rio & Learn Portuguese School. She was seven month Rio & Learn Online Courses Academic Coordinator and our A Dica do Dia blog Coordinator for two years and a half. Fluent in Portuguese, English, Spanish, and with elementary proficiency in Chinese, she is a versatile communicator and a strategic asset to global teams.
cidade de deus, also known as city of god, is a very awarded brazilian movie

City of God: Unveiling the Dark Realities of Rio de Janeiro

Have you ever watched a movie that left you breathless, grappling with the harsh realities of life while marveling at the brilliance of storytelling? City of God is one such cinematic gem that takes you on a riveting journey through the streets of Rio de Janeiro, exposing the raw essence of survival and the brutal consequences of a life entrenched in crime. Let’s get to know City of God amazing cast, which favela its name comes from, and much more! City of God: the Favela To begin, it’s important to know that City of God is a real place! The City of God (Cidade de Deus) is a real favela, or slum, located in the western part of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It was originally established in the 1960s on the outskirts of the capital, and experienced rapid urbanization, with makeshift housing and inadequate infrastructure. This favela was what we could call a “planned favela”. Cidade de Deus emerged as the product of the compulsory removal of 63 favelas from the South Zone of Rio de Janeiro. The objective was clear: remove poor citizens from these upscale neighborhoods and displace them elsewhere. That is why this is a favela densely populated, with a mix of low-income families struggling to make ends meet. Over the years, the population has grown significantly, leading to overcrowded living conditions. City of God faces numerous social and economic challenges, including high levels of unemployment and limited access to quality education and healthcare. Poverty is widespread, and residents often grapple with the lack of basic amenities. The favela is also notorious for high levels of crime and violence, with drug trafficking and gang activities being prevalent. But if you want to get to know a real-life favela, our RioLIVE! can take you to one! Come with us to our Santa Marta tour, where you can understand everything a favela symbolizes while you learn Portuguese! City of God: the Movie Set against the backdrop of the notorious Cidade de Deus (City of God) favela, the film skillfully weaves a narrative that spans decades, offering a gripping portrayal of the cyclical nature of violence and poverty. Directed by Fernando Meirelles and Kátia Lund, “City of God” not only captures the pulse of the Brazilian slums but also serves as a poignant commentary on the social and economic disparities that plague society. The film introduces us to Rocket (Buscapé), a young aspiring photographer, as our guide through the tumultuous world of City of God. Through his lens, we witness the rise of ruthless gang leaders like Lil Zé (Zé Pequeno) and the unfolding stories of numerous individuals trying to navigate a world where survival often comes at a staggering cost. But City of God is not just a crime drama; it’s a profound exploration of the choices people make when faced with limited options. It delves into the impact of systemic issues, ranging from poverty to inadequate education, that perpetuate the cycle of violence. The characters, portrayed by a talented ensemble cast of non-professional actors, breathe life into the harsh realities depicted on screen. Let’s watch out the trailer together! City of God Cast The cast of “City of God” is notable for featuring a mix of professional and non-professional actors. Many of whom were residents of the favelas themselves. The film’s director, Fernando Meirelles, and co-director, Kátia Lund, opted for a unique approach. They chose to cast individuals who could bring authenticity to the characters and the story. Here are some key members of the cast: Alexandre Rodrigues (Rocket/Buscapé): Alexandre Rodrigues played the lead role of Rocket, the film’s narrator and protagonist. Rocket is an aspiring photographer who documents life in the City of God. Rodrigues’s performance was praised for its authenticity and emotional depth. Leandro Firmino (Lil Zé/Zé Pequeno): Leandro Firmino portrayed Lil Zé. He is the film’s antagonist and a ruthless drug lord in the City of God. Firmino’s intense and convincing performance contributed to the character’s menacing presence on screen. Douglas Silva (young Lil Zé/Zé Pequeno): Douglas Silva‘s portrayal of the character in his formative years was crucial in establishing the roots of the character’s criminal trajectory. Phellipe Haagensen (Benny/Bené): Phellipe plays the childhood friend of Lil Zé, who grew up with him in the world of crime. He is quite popular with everyone in Cidade de Deus due to his way of treating each resident. Seu Jorge (Knockout Ned/Mané Galinha): Seu Jorge portrayed Knockout Ned. His character becomes entangled in the violent conflicts within the favela. Seu Jorge’s performance contributed to the film’s exploration of the impact of crime on individuals. Alice Braga (Angélica): Alice Braga played Angélica, Benny’s love interest in the film. Braga’s performance added emotional depth to the narrative. Her character’s storyline intersected with various aspects of life in the favela. Critics and Reviews City of God received widespread acclaim from both critics and audiences upon its release in 2002. Critics praised the film’s visceral and authentic depiction of the harsh realities of life in the City of God favela. The raw and unflinching portrayal of violence, poverty, and the cycle of crime resonated with many. The direction by Fernando Meirelles and Kátia Lund was widely commended for its innovative and engaging approach. The film’s use of kinetic camerawork, vibrant colors, and a dynamic soundtrack helped create a unique cinematic experience. Alexandre Rodrigues, who played the protagonist Rocket, and Leandro Firmino, who portrayed the antagonist Lil Zé, received particular praise for their compelling performances. The film’s success went beyond Brazil, garnering attention on the international stage. It was nominated for four Academy Awards, including Best Director and Best Adapted Screenplay, further solidifying its place in global cinema. In the end, City of God stands as a testament to the power of cinema to illuminate the darkest corners of society and provoke meaningful discussions. It is a must-watch for those who appreciate thought-provoking narratives. Also for those who enjoy powerful performances and a visual and auditory experience that leaves a lasting

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marta vieira da silva, footballer from brazil which also plays for orlando pride.

Marta: Brazil Footballer Star!

Hello, footballer lovers! Delve deeper into the extraordinary journey of the Brazilian and Orlando Pride footballer star, Marta. Explore Marta’s remarkable performance during the 2003 World Cup and the significance behind the Brazil jersey that encapsulates her unparalleled legacy! Marta Vieira da Silva Beginning Marta Vieira da Silva, commonly known as Marta, is a Brazilian footballer who has left an indelible mark on the sport, earning recognition as one of the greatest female football players of all time. She was born on February 19, 1986, in Dois Riachos, Alagoas, Brazil. Marta’s journey from a humble background to international stardom is a testament to her exceptional talent, dedication, and perseverance. Marta’s love for football blossomed at an early age, and she quickly distinguished herself on the local scene. Her extraordinary skills, agility, and goal-scoring prowess attracted attention. It led her to join Vasco da Gama’s women’s team at the tender age of 14. This marked the beginning of a remarkable career that would see her transcend boundaries and break numerous records. If you love football and want to learn Portuguese for good, we have an amazing advice for you! Come study in the land of the football with us! Get your student visa and spend sometime where Marta and many others consolidated their careers! Marta Becomes a Brazil Player In 2002, Marta made her debut for the Brazilian national team, instantly making an impact with her electrifying performances. She showcased a unique blend of speed, technical finesse, and a killer instinct in front of goal that set her apart from her peers. In Brazil, Marta was the holder of the 10 jersey, which displays how much she was important to the Brazilian team since the beginning. Marta’s breakthrough moment on the international stage came during the 2003 FIFA Women’s World Cup. Marta and the 2003 World Cup The 2003 FIFA Women’s World Cup held in the United States marked a pivotal moment in women’s football. It was during this tournament that Marta made a significant impact on the international stage. Marta, then just 17 years old, burst onto the scene as one of the most exciting talents in the tournament. She played a crucial role in propelling Brazil to the final, showcasing her extraordinary skill, speed, and goal-scoring ability. Marta’s performances throughout the tournament captivated fans and drew attention to her as a rising star in women’s football. In the group stage, Marta demonstrated her scoring prowess by finding the back of the net in Brazil’s matches against South Korea and Norway. However, the pinnacle of Marta’s performance in the 2003 World Cup came in the knockout stages. In the quarterfinal against Nigeria, Marta’s skill and composure were on full display as she scored two goals, leading Brazil to a 4-3 victory. Her dynamic playing style, technical proficiency, and clinical finishing left an indelible mark on the tournament and earned her widespread recognition. Brazil advanced to the final, facing Germany in a highly anticipated showdown. Although Brazil fell short in the championship match, losing 2-0 to Germany, Marta’s performances throughout the tournament earned her the Golden Boot as the top scorer. Her six goals in the competition showcased not only her individual brilliance but also her ability to elevate her team! International Career for Marta One significant chapter of Marta’s journey unfolded in Sweden with Umeå IK in 2004. There, she showcased her footballing prowess in the Damallsvenskan, the top-tier women’s football league in the country. Her time at Umeå IK was nothing short of spectacular. It was marked by goal-scoring exploits, creative brilliance, and an innate ability to elevate the team. Marta’s stint in Sweden not only solidified her reputation as a world-class talent but also laid the foundation for her future success on the global stage. The next chapter of Marta’s journey unfolded across the Atlantic in the United States, where she made an indelible mark on the National Women’s Soccer League (NWSL). Starting with the Western New York Flash in 2011, Marta’s arrival in the U.S. added a new dimension to her career. Her time with the Flash was characterized by her signature flair and goal-scoring prowess. Subsequently, Marta became an integral part of the Orlando Pride in 2017, a team that she has not only led with distinction but also elevated to new heights. The Orlando Pride jersey, adorned with Marta’s name and number, became a symbol of excellence in women’s soccer. Her impact extended beyond the pitch, contributing to the league’s growing popularity and establishing her as a fan favorite. Awards and Legacy Over the years, Marta’s career has been punctuated by a string of accolades and individual honors. She has been awarded the FIFA World Player of the Year in 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009 and 2018! It solidifyed her status as one of the most iconic figures in women’s football. She was also winner of the FIFA Ballon d’Or in 2010 and the FIFPro World XI in 2016, 2017, 2019 and 2021. Marta’s ability to consistently deliver standout performances in major tournaments, including the Olympics and the Women’s World Cup, has endeared her to fans worldwide. Beyond her individual success, Marta has been a key figure in elevating the profile of women’s football. Her influence extends beyond the pitch. She has been a vocal advocate for gender equality in sports. It inspired a new generation of female athletes to pursue their dreams. She has become a symbol of empowerment and resilience, challenging stereotypes and paving the way for greater opportunities for women in football. As Marta continues to grace the footballing world with her talent, her impact goes beyond the pitch. She has become an inspiration for aspiring footballers, breaking barriers and setting new standards for excellence. Marta’s legacy is a testament to the transformative power of sports. And also the ability of individuals to shape the narrative of women’s football on a global scale. What about you? Have you ever thought about having a Brazil squad jersey with Marta name on it? Perhaps

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students playing dress up at the samba museum in rio de janeiro

Samba Museum

Nestled in the heart of Mangueira, one of the most legendary samba neighborhoods in Rio de Janeiro, the Samba Museum stands as a gateway to the captivating world of samba, inviting enthusiasts and novices alike to embark on an unforgettable journey. It’s a place where the pulsating rhythms of Brazil’s most iconic music genre come alive!!! Stepping into the Samba Museum, you become part of a dynamic narrative that transcends dance and music, extending a warm embrace to all who appreciate the cultural traditions of Brazil. Whether you’re an experienced samba dancer, effortlessly swaying to the beat, or a complete novice, still learning the steps, the museum offers an inclusive space where everyone, from every corner of the world, is welcome to engage with the soul of Brazilian culture. Meeting: 13:00 at Rio & LearnCost of the activity: 20 reais (tickets) + 6-10 reais (uber) Samba Museum: More than Just a Museum Established in 2001, the Samba Museum is a treasure trove of history and heritage, housing an awe-inspiring collection of over 45,000 priceless artifacts. These objects tell the stories of countless generations, and with each exhibit, you are transported into the heart of Brazil’s cultural evolution. The museum’s offerings extend beyond its impressive collection; they encompass a rich and diverse cultural and educational program. From permanent exhibitions that delve into the roots of samba to temporary displays that explore its ever-evolving forms, the museum serves as a living, breathing tribute to this cherished art form. Yet, the Samba Museum is not confined to the static walls of a typical museum. It pulses with life, with a calendar brimming with musical performances that set your feet tapping and your heart racing. It’s also a canvas for multimedia experiences that transport you to the heart of the Carnival. This museum is not just a place; it’s an experience, an immersion in the sights, sounds, and culture of Brazil!!! Museum Mission with Black History Furthermore, the Samba Museum undertakes a noble mission beyond its cultural celebrations. It plays a pivotal role in recognizing and honoring the often unsung contributions of the black population in shaping Brazil’s remarkable cultural tapestry. This commitment to acknowledging the profound influence of Afro-Brazilian culture makes it a place of cultural significance and social relevance. Whether you’re seeking to perfect your samba moves, trace the roots of Brazilian culture, or simply bask in the vibrancy of a unique cultural experience, the Samba Museum extends its arms to all. It invites you to become a part of the celebration of Brazil’s iconic musical and cultural legacy, where samba’s timeless rhythms continue to echo through the heart of Mangueira, welcoming all who appreciate the magic of Brazilian culture. Come to Rio & Learn and practice Portuguese, having fun with our RioLIVE! activities! See some of our last visits at Samba Museum March 2024 December 2023 September 2023 Isadora CarusoSEO Content Coordinator at Rio & Learn Portuguese School. She was seven month Rio & Learn Online Courses Academic Coordinator and our A Dica do Dia blog Coordinator for two years and a half. Fluent in Portuguese, English, Spanish, and with elementary proficiency in Chinese, she is a versatile communicator and a strategic asset to global teams.

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example of verb to be in portuguese: Eles estão na Feira de São Cristóvão!

To Be in Portuguese

Hello, there! Did you know the verb to be in Portuguese is divided in two separate verbs? Are you learning Portuguese and finding it tricky to grasp the differences between the verbs “ser” and “estar”? You’re not alone! These two verbs are fundamental in the Portuguese language, and understanding when to use each one can be a bit challenging. Let’s explore the key distinctions between “ser” and “estar” to help you use them correctly in your conversations. To Be in Portuguese: Verb Ser for Permanent States “Ser” is used to express permanent or inherent characteristics, identity, origin, and more. When you’re talking about something that doesn’t change or changes very slowly, “ser” is your go-to verb. Now, let’s check out the conjugation for this verb in the present tense! If you want to learn more about this verb in the present tense, we have the right Dica just for you! Pronoun Verb Ser Pronunciation Eu sou Você é Ele / Ela é Nós somos Vocês são Eles / Elas são Now, check out the uses for this verb! Identity Use “ser” in Portuguese to express your name, profession, marital status, religion and political position. Eu sou Amélia.I am Amélia. Ele é médico.He is a doctor. Ela é solteira.She is single. Nós somos cristãos.We are Christian. Vocês são esquerdistas.You are leftists. Origin This form of verb to be in Portuguese is also used to talk about where someone or something comes from, along with their nationality. Eu sou brasileiro.I am Brazilian. João é do Rio de Janeiro.João is from Rio de Janeiro. Ela é de São Paulo.She is from São Paulo. Inherent Characteristics When describing someone’s physical appearance or inherent qualities, use “ser.” Ele é alto.He is tall. Nós somos bonitos.We are beautiful. O gato é preto.The cat is black. To Be in Portuguese: Estar for Temporary States “Estar” is the verb you’ll want to use when describing temporary states, emotions, temperature and locations. It’s all about things that can change or are situational. Now, we are going to check out how to conjugate this verb in Portuguese! If you want to dive deeper in verb estar in the present tense, check out this Dica! Pronoun Verb Estar Pronunciation Eu estou Você está Ele / Ela está Nós estamos Vocês estão Eles / Elas estão Now, check out how to use this verb! Emotions Expressing how you or someone else feels at a given moment. Eu estou feliz.I am happy. Ela está triste.She is sad. Location Use this form of verb to be in Portuguese to indicate where something or someone is at a particular moment. O livro está na mesa.The book is on the table. Eles estão no parque.They are at the park. Temperature We can also use the verb estar in Portuguese to describe the temperature. O tempo está chuvoso.The weather is rainy. Está ensolarado lá fora!It’s sunny outside! In summary, “ser” is for permanent, inherent characteristics, and “estar” is for temporary states, emotions, conditions, and locations. Learning when to use each verb is essential for mastering Portuguese and ensuring your conversations are accurate and natural! Exercise for Ser and Estar in Portuguese Here’s an exercise to help you practice the differences between “ser” and “estar” in Portuguese, our verb to be in Portuguese. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate verb: “ser” or “estar.” Keep practicing, and with time, you’ll become more confident in choosing between “ser” and “estar” as you navigate the rich and diverse landscape of the Portuguese language. Now you know how to use verb to be in Portuguese! Boa sorte! Click on the links below to see more relate DicasSer Portuguese ConjugationVerb Ser ExercisesEstar Portuguese ConjugationSer and Estar Portuguese Exercises Answers Isadora CarusoSEO Content Coordinator at Rio & Learn Portuguese School. She was seven month Rio & Learn Online Courses Academic Coordinator and our A Dica do Dia blog Coordinator for two years and a half. Fluent in Portuguese, English, Spanish, and with elementary proficiency in Chinese, she is a versatile communicator and a strategic asset to global teams.

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bebeto, soccer player from brazil, holding the world cup

Bebeto

In the world of football, there are certain players whose names become synonymous with the sport’s history. One such player is José Roberto Gama de Oliveira, better known as Bebeto. Hailing from Brazil, Bebeto is widely celebrated for his prolific goal-scoring abilities, dazzling skills, and an illustrious career that left an indelible mark on the beautiful game. In this Dica, we will learn more about Bebeto, his career in Brazil and international teams like Deportivo la Coruña and Sevilla, his incredible partnership with Romário and more! Who is Bebeto, a star from Brazil? Bebeto was born on February 16, 1964, in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. From a young age, it was evident that he had an innate talent for football. His journey into professional football began when he joined the youth ranks of Brazilian club Vitória. His rapid development led to his debut for Vitória’s senior team in 1983, at the age of 19. Vitória was just the starting point for Bebeto’s illustrious career, and it didn’t take long for him to capture the attention of football fans worldwide. In 1989, Bebeto made a significant move to Flamengo, one of Brazil’s most popular and successful football clubs. During his time with the Mengão, he achieved remarkable success. In the 1989 and 1992 seasons, Flamengo won the Campeonato Carioca, Brazil’s most prestigious state championship. Bebeto’s incredible goal-scoring prowess was a key factor in these victories, making him a beloved figure among Flamengo supporters. Bebeto and the World Cup Glory Bebeto’s international career was equally illustrious. He was a crucial part of the Brazilian national team during the early 1990s, achieving his greatest success at the 1994 FIFA World Cup held in the United States. In this tournament, Bebeto formed a formidable partnership with fellow striker Romário, and together, they led Brazil to their fourth World Cup title. It wasn’t an easy title: Brazil’s last World Cup title had been in 1970! And the 1994 title was actually the first one decided in the penalties against the almighty Italy! Can you imagine the pressure all these players felt? But everything got fine at the end, and with the help of Bebeto, Romário and the whole team, Brazil became the country with the most World Cup titles! Talking about World Cup, have you ever considering getting to know Maracanã, one of the most famous soccer stadiums in the world? With our RioLIVE! you can get to know it while you learn Portuguese! Let’s take a look at this iconic duo that made their names into Brazilian soccer history. Romário and Bebeto had an amazing tune, which becomes evident from some videos like the one below: One of the most iconic moments of Bebeto’s career occurred during the quarter-final match against the Netherlands. After scoring a crucial goal, Bebeto celebrated by cradling an imaginary baby in his arms, a tribute to his newborn son. This memorable celebration became a symbol of joy and camaraderie in the sport. Until this day, many players use this celebration as a homage to their children. International Adventure for Bebeto Just before his World Cup triumph, Bebeto had already embarked on an adventure in European football. Bebeto joined Deportivo La Coruña in Spain, where he further solidified his reputation as a prolific striker. Bebeto played a vital role in Deportivo’s rise as a competitive force in La Liga. During his time with the club, Deportivo achieved several noteworthy accomplishments in the league. They consistently finished in the top half of the La Liga table and even secured a second-place finish in the 1993-94 season. This marked the highest league position the club had achieved at that time. Bebeto’s time playing for Sevilla in La Liga wasn’t such a notable phase in his European football journey. The Brazilian striker joined the Andalusian club in 1996, after his successful stint with Deportivo La Coruña. His move to Sevilla was met with enthusiasm by both the club’s management and its fervent fan base. But Bebeto’s time at Sevilla was relatively short, and didn’t manage to leave a long lasting mark. Bebeto’s time at the Japanese club Kobe (Vissel Kobe) was a brief but significant phase in his football career. Joining the club in 1997, Bebeto brought his wealth of experience and striking prowess to the J-League. During his time with Kobe, he continued to showcase his goal-scoring ability and footballing acumen, leaving a lasting impression on fans in Japan. Although his stay in Kobe was relatively short, Bebeto’s time at the club contributed to the growing popularity of football in Japan and reinforced his status as a global football icon. Bebeto’s journey also included spells at Vasco da Gama and Cruzeiro (for just a game!), showcasing his adaptability and enduring skills throughout his career. Soccer Retirement and Political Career After nearly two decades in the world of professional football, Bebeto officially retired in 2002. He left behind a legacy that continues to inspire aspiring footballers. His ability to combine technical prowess with a natural goal-scoring instinct made him a fan favorite and an icon of Brazilian football. Bebeto’s influence extended beyond the pitch as well. He is actively involved in promoting and developing youth football in Brazil and has made significant contributions to the sport’s growth in his homeland. He also works in politics these days, acting like a deputy under the Rio de Janeiro state government. Player Bebeto’s journey in the world of football is nothing short of remarkable. From his early days in Brazil to his triumphant World Cup victory and his stints in Deportivo and Sevilla, Bebeto’s career is a testament to his talent, dedication, and love for the game. Bebeto’s memorable celebrations and unforgettable partnership with Romário have etched his name in the annals of football history, and he remains a beloved figure in the sport. Bebeto’s legacy as a footballing legend and his impact on the global game will endure for generations to come. Click on the links below to see more related DicasPeléRio de Janeiro Football

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example of brazilian halloween and costumes in Portuguese: Qual fantasia você escolheria para um Halloween no Brasil?

Halloween in Brazil

Halloween, a holiday with its roots firmly planted in Celtic traditions, has become a worldwide phenomenon. While it’s celebrated with great enthusiasm in countries like the United States and Canada, it’s not just limited to these regions. Halloween in Brazil has gained popularity over the years, but there’s a unique twist – it coincides with the celebration of Saci Perere Day. But, how does Brazil celebrate halloween? Let’s learn not only about this, but also the most common ways to celebrate Halloween in Rio de Janeiro, which are the most common Brazilian costumes, how to pronounce halloween in Portuguese and much more! Brazilian Halloween and Saci Perere Day In Brazil, Halloween isn’t just about dressing up in scary costumes and trick-or-treating; it’s also the day of Saci Perere, a beloved character from Brazilian folklore. Saci Perere is a mischievous one-legged creature who wears a red cap and enjoys causing all sorts of playful havoc. His popularity in Brazilian culture has led to the celebration of Saci Perere Day on October 31st, coinciding with Halloween. Halloween in Portuguese But, how do we pronounce Halloween in Portuguese? Well, we have a few different ways to call this day, one being Halloween itself. But you will also find people calling it “Dia das Bruxas”. Take a look below and repeat after us! (Yes, we pronounce Halloween in our own manner, hahaha!). Halloween Halloween Dia das Bruxas Witches’ Day Dia do Saci Pererê Saci Perere Day Ideas for Brazilian Halloween Costumes When it comes to Halloween in Brazil, the costumes are as diverse as the country itself. Brazilians love to get creative and often blend traditional Halloween themes with local elements. Here are some of the most popular costume ideas we can give you! These will work amazingly when you come study Portuguese with us and have a Halloween party to attend! Zombie Carnival Dancer: A fusion of the lively Brazilian carnival spirit and the macabre world of zombies. This costume features vibrant, colorful clothing paired with zombie makeup, creating a truly unique look. Samba Skeleton: Samba is a significant part of Brazilian culture, and during Halloween, it’s not uncommon to see costumes that incorporate the energy of samba with a spooky twist. Think vibrant costumes with skeleton makeup. Saci Perere: As the day is dedicated to the legendary character, dressing up as Saci Perere is a common choice. You can mimic his iconic one-legged appearance with a hopping prosthetic and don his red cap. Witch Doctor: Embracing the mystical side of Brazilian culture, you can include tribal accessories, face paint, and costumes inspired by indigenous traditions. Celebrating Halloween in Brazil Halloween in Brazil is a festive occasion, much like other major celebrations in the country. But, you must be wondering, how does Brazil celebrate halloween? Well, not very similarly to other countries. Trick-or-Treating is not as widespread, since we already have our own event for candy giving, Saint Cosmas and Damian Day. The same with pumpkin carving, we much rather eat it, trust me, hahaha! But what do we do, then? Well, the main focus is the costume parties! Costume parties are the heart of Halloween in Brazil. Friends and family gather to celebrate with food, drinks, and lively music. And you already know how lively music in Brazil can be right? 😉 Halloween in Rio de Janeiro If you are in Rio de Janeiro learning Portuguese, you might be looking for some place to celebrate Halloween! And it’s not a very difficult task, since we love to party! Most people choose between two options: private parties held by friends and family, or clubs and pubs which offer Halloween parties. Even high end places, such as the Copacabana Palace, offer parties which you can buy tickets to! You can find these tickets at sites like Sympla and Ingresse! Halloween in Brazil is a fascinating blend of international and local traditions. With its unique combination of spooky costumes, spirited celebrations, and the homage to Saci Perere, it’s a holiday that showcases the vibrant and diverse culture of this South American nation. As the popularity of Halloween continues to grow in Brazil, we can expect even more exciting and creative celebrations in the years to come. So, whether you’re a visitor or a local, Halloween in Brazil promises a thrilling and unforgettable experience. Click on the links below to see more related DicasHolidays in BrazilRio CarnivalCosmas and Damian DayBrazilian Samba Isadora CarusoSEO Content Coordinator at Rio & Learn Portuguese School. She was seven month Rio & Learn Online Courses Academic Coordinator and our A Dica do Dia blog Coordinator for two years and a half. Fluent in Portuguese, English, Spanish, and with elementary proficiency in Chinese, she is a versatile communicator and a strategic asset to global teams.

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zumbie statue representing the leader of quilombo dos palmares

Quilombo

In the vast occurences of Brazil’s history, quilombos stand out as remarkable threads woven by the hands of resilient and determined individuals. These hidden communities, born out of the darkness of slavery, hold a unique place in Brazil’s cultural heritage. Today, we will explore the rich history of quilombos in Brazil. We’ll also check their profound connection to the legacy of slavery and who were the quilombolas. We will also check out the most famous quilombo in Brazilian history: Quilombo dos Palmares! What is a Quilombo? To understand the significance of quilombos, one must recognize the brutality of the transatlantic slave trade that brought millions of Africans to Brazil. The conditions of slavery in Brazil were harsh, marked by forced labor, violence, and inhumane treatment. Slaveholders often subjected slaves to grueling work in sugar plantations, mines, and various other sectors of the economy. Quilombos were maroon communities established by enslaved Africans. They had escaped the brutal grip of their oppressors during the colonial era. These communities served as safe havens for those seeking refuge and freedom from the slavery. The word “quilombo” itself have its roots in the Kimbundu language from Angola. The meaning of quilombo is “encampment” or “warrior village.” People who lived in them were called quilombolas. These communities often hid deep within dense forests, far from the prying eyes of slaveholders and colonial authorities in Brazil. Quilombo dos Palmares While numerous quilombos existed throughout Brazil’s history, one stands out as the most renowned: Palmares. Located in the present-day state of Alagoas, Palmares was a sprawling quilombo that persisted for over a century. African slaves who had escaped their captors likely founded it in the early 1590s. The quilombo initially consisted of a few runaway quilombolas. But it grew over the years as more people sought refuge there. Palmares was not a single settlement but rather a collection of villages of quilombolas within a vast stretch of forests and hills. Historians still debate the exact size and population of Palmares. However, it is believed to have housed thousands of people at its peak. The inhabitants of Palmares established self-sustaining communities within the quilombo. They would grow their own food, craft their own tools, and even developing a unique culture. This culture blended African, indigenous, and European influences. Zumbi dos Palmares The most famous and revered leader of Palmares was Zumbi dos Palmares. Zumbi, born in the quilombo in 1655, became a symbol of resistance and is a national hero in Brazil. He assumed leadership of Palmares in his early twenties and played a crucial role in its defense against Portuguese and Dutch military incursions. Zumbi was married to Dandara dos Palmares, his right-hand, who was also a warrior and leader, playing a pivotal role in the fight for freedom and equality. Quilombo dos Palmares’ End The quilombo faced numerous military expeditions by colonial authorities and slaveholders who sought to reclaim escaped slaves and suppress the quilombo’s existence. The inhabitants of Palmares, under the leadership of Zumbi, defended their territory vigorously. They even engaged in armed conflicts to protect their freedom. However, in 1694, after a series of intense battles, Portuguese forces finally overran the quilombo. They captured and killed Zumbi on November 20, 1695. This marked the end of Palmares as an independent community. Despite its eventual defeat, Quilombo dos Palmares has become a symbol of resistance, freedom, and the enduring spirit of African culture in Brazil. The date of Zumbi’s death, November 20th, is now celebrated as Black Awareness Day (Dia da Consciência Negra) in Brazil, commemorating the struggle of Black Brazilians against oppression. Resistance and Legacy Quilombos were a manifestation of the indomitable human spirit in the face of oppression. But the resistance of quilombos wasn’t just about the physical defense of their communities. They also preserved and propagated their African cultural heritage in their quilombolas. Through music, dance, and religious practices, quilombolas retained their identity and traditions, despite the harsh realities of their existence. Have you ever heard of capoeira? It’s one of our African cultural heritage that quilombos preserved in Brazil! And if you want to learn more about this dance that is also a martial art, come with us in our Capoeira RioLIVE! You will learn Portuguese and get to know Brazil’s history even better! Brazil officially abolished slavery on May 13, 1888, making it the last country in the Americas to do so. However, the legacy of quilombos lived on. Even after the end of slavery, many descendants of quilombo communities continued to face discrimination and social exclusion. It wasn’t until the Brazilian Constitution of 1988 that the rights of these communities were recognized, granting them the legal ownership of their ancestral lands. Today, quilombos remain as vibrant symbols of resilience and cultural preservation in Brazil. These communities continue to face social and economic challenges, but they also serve as living testaments to the enduring spirit of freedom. Emphatically, quilombos in Brazil tell a powerful story of resistance, resilience, and cultural heritage. These communities, born in the shadows of slavery, have played a significant role in Brazil’s history. Equally, their legacy serves as a reminder of the strength of the human spirit and the enduring importance of preserving cultural traditions and identity. Click on the links to see more related DicasSlavery in BrazilCaiçarasMulatto in BrazilBrazilian Caipira Isadora CarusoSEO Content Coordinator at Rio & Learn Portuguese School. She was seven month Rio & Learn Online Courses Academic Coordinator and our A Dica do Dia blog Coordinator for two years and a half. Fluent in Portuguese, English, Spanish, and with elementary proficiency in Chinese, she is a versatile communicator and a strategic asset to global teams.

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cantor e ator brasileiro seu jorge

Seu Jorge

Brazil is a country renowned for its vibrant and diverse music scene, and among the many talents Seu Jorge stands out as a remarkable artist. With a distinctive voice and a unique blend of samba, reggae, and rock influences, Seu Jorge has captivated audiences both in Brazil and around the world. Today, we’ll dive into the world of this Brazilian singer, songwriter, and actor, exploring his musical journey and the cultural significance of his work. Did you know Seu Jorge acted in famous movies like City of God and Pelé? Or that Seu Jorge contributed to the discography of the hit success of The Life Aquatic with Steve Zissou? Early Life and Musical Beginnings Born Jorge Mário da Silva in Belford Roxo, Rio de Janeiro, on June 8, 1970, Seu Jorge’s early life was marked by adversity. Growing up in the favelas of Rio de Janeiro, he faced the challenges of a tough environment, which would later influence his music and lyrics. Despite the odds, Jorge discovered his passion for music and began his journey as a singer and songwriter. Have you ever wanted to visit a favela in Rio? With our RioLIVE! activities you can learn Portuguese while getting to know hidden gems that only local people know! Join us and let’s explore Rio together! Musical Style and Influence Seu Jorge’s music is a unique fusion of Brazilian musical traditions. It includes samba, bossa nova, and tropicalia, mixed with reggae and rock. His soulful, raspy voice has a timeless quality that adds depth and authenticity to his songs. The lyrics often touch on the realities of life in the favelas and urban Brazil, addressing issues such as poverty, social inequality, and the human experience. His music is a reflection of his own experiences and those of the communities he grew up in. Seu Jorge Songs and Discography Seu Jorge has released several successful albums, including “Cru” (1997), “Samba Esporte Fino” (2001), and “América Brasil: O Disco” (2007). His collaborations with other artists have also been noteworthy, including work with Brazilian legend Caetano Veloso and international acts like Damian Marley. His versatility and willingness to explore new musical horizons have made him a respected figure in the global music industry. Let’s hear one of his famous songs, “Amiga da Minha Mulher”: International Recognition Seu Jorge’s unforgettable appearance in the critically acclaimed 2002 film “City of God” marked a pivotal moment in his career and the cinematic world. He portrayed the character Knockout Ned (Mané Galinha), bringing a raw and emotionally charged performance to the screen. Seu Jorge’s portrayal was imbued with authenticity, capturing the struggles and complexities of life in the favelas of Rio de Janeiro. “City of God” catapulted Seu Jorge to international recognition, establishing him as a talented actor and a compelling presence on the global stage, in addition to his already established musical career. Following “City of God”, Seu Jorge gained international recognition with his role in the 2004 film “The Life Aquatic with Steve Zissou.” Directed by Wes Anderson, the film features Seu Jorge performing David Bowie songs in Portuguese, accompanying the protagonist, Steve Zissou, played by Bill Murray. This unique interpretation of Bowie’s music in Life Aquatic helped Seu Jorge reach a global audience. It also showcased his ability to infuse his own style into iconic songs. Seu Jorge made a notable appearance in the 2016 biographical film “Pelé: Birth of a Legend” where he portrayed the legendary Brazilian player Dondinho. His portrayal was a fitting tribute , capturing the essence of the player. Seu Jorge’s role added an extra layer of authenticity to the film, contributing to the movie’s rich depiction of Brazilian soccer. How to be a Carioca: New Hit Have you ever thought about becoming a carioca? Well, apparently now Seu Jorge can help you achieve it! This tv show (available in streamings like Star+ and Hulu) is about Francisco (Seu Jorge), a true carioca who helps foreigners enjoy Rio de Janeiro like a local! Every episode, a different foreigner from a different country gets the help from Francisco to learn the perks of living in Rio. In real life, that is exactly what we do in our Portuguese classes in Rio de Janeiro! We not only teach our students about Portuguese language, but also how to integrate fully in the carioca lifestyle! Ready to watch the trailer? You should totally watch it, it’s supposedly to be a fun and light comedy! Social Impact and Activism Beyond his musical achievements, Seu Jorge is known for his social activism. He uses his platform to raise awareness about the challenges faced by marginalized communities in Brazil. Also, he advocates for social justice and change. His music often carries messages of hope and resilience. And his work extends beyond the stage, making a positive impact in his home country. Did you know if you come study Portuguese with us in Brazil, there is a high chance you can spot Seu Jorge in Ipanema? He loves this neighborhood and is known for being gentle with his fans! Seu Jorge’s discography and songs are a reflection of the beauty, resilience, and complexity of Brazilian culture. His unique blend of musical styles, combined with his compelling lyrics, has earned him a special place in the hearts of music lovers around the world. Beyond his musical talents, his commitment to social justice and his advocacy for the underprivileged demonstrate the profound impact an artist can have on society. Click in the links below to see more related DicasBest Brazilian SongsTropicalismCaetano VelosoCarmen Miranda Isadora CarusoSEO Content Coordinator at Rio & Learn Portuguese School. She was seven month Rio & Learn Online Courses Academic Coordinator and our A Dica do Dia blog Coordinator for two years and a half. Fluent in Portuguese, English, Spanish, and with elementary proficiency in Chinese, she is a versatile communicator and a strategic asset to global teams.

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top 6 most famous brazilian surnames: silva, santos, oliveira, ferreira, souza and pereira.

Brazilian Surnames

Brazil is a nation known for its diverse heritage and a complex history that has influenced its surnames. Brazilian surnames offer a unique glimpse into the blend of indigenous, European, African, and other influences that arrived here. In this Dica, we’ll explore the most famous Brazilian names and surnames, their origins, and meanings. You will for sure end this Dica wishing you could have a last name like us! Origins of Brazilian Family Names In Brazil, the registration of surnames is regulated by the National Register of Civil Registries (CRC), which falls under the jurisdiction of the National Justice Council. When a child is born, parents must choose a surname from their own family names or from a combination of both. The choice of surnames is generally flexible, allowing families to honor their heritage or create unique combinations. It’s important to note that there are laws in place to prevent names that may be offensive or detrimental to the child’s well-being. The Brazilian legal system encourages a degree of creativity but ensures that children are not burdened with names that could lead to ridicule or discrimination. Brazilian surnames have a diverse range of origins, reflecting the country’s multifaceted history. They have their origins in a variety of sources, including indigenous, Portuguese, African, and immigrant influences. The Portuguese, who colonized Brazil, played a significant role in shaping the nation’s naming traditions. Often, Portuguese surnames are derived from professions, locations, or characteristics. Brazil’s history of immigration has further enriched its surnames. Italian, German, Japanese, Lebanese, and many other cultures have made their mark on Brazil. As a result, Brazilian surnames can be a blend of various linguistic and cultural influences. For instance, names like Nakamura and Oliveira can coexist in the same family tree. Who would have guessed, right? Learning Portuguese can always surprise you! Brazilian Surnames and Meanings Now, let’s take a look at some of the most famous and common surnames you can have here! Silva The most common surname in Brazil, “Silva” is of Portuguese origin and often denotes a family’s agricultural background. Silva means “forest” or “jungle”. Its widespread use is due to the large number of Portuguese immigrants in the country’s early history. It was also a chosen surname for many slaves when they got freed and began to have proper documentation. If you want to learn more about our heritage, we advise you to subscribe to our A Dica do Dia. We always have something new regarding our origins! Santos Santos is another popular Brazilian surname, which means “saints” in Portuguese. It is often associated with religious connections, reflecting the deep Catholic influence in Brazilian society. This last name used to be given to people that were born on November 1st. Oliveira This name has Portuguese origins and typically represents the olive tree. It’s a testament to the historical importance of agriculture in Brazil. There are two possibilities for the origins of the surname. One is that people who lived in places near olive trees adopted the name in Portugal. Another is that Jews forced into Catholicism adopted this surname so that they would not be persecuted. Pereira Pereira is derived from the Portuguese word for “pear tree” and is a common surname in Brazil, hinting at the country’s strong Portuguese influence. More than 2.2 million Brazilians have this surname, impressive, right? Ferreira This surname is associated with blacksmiths and ironworkers, a profession that has been influential in Brazilian history. Interestingly, in its most diverse variations, it ends up being one of the most common surnames in the world. I am sure you have heard of the surname Smith before, right? Well, Ferreira is the Brazilian equivalent! Souza Souza is one of those last names every Brazilian knows someone who has this last name. This surname means “pebble”, “stone”, “wild pigeon” or “one who belongs to the Sousa River”. In Spanish, there is a equivalent, but with an S, Sousa. Brazilian names and surnames reflect the country rich history and cultural diversity. With influences from Portuguese, African, indigenous, and other immigrant groups, these names are a testament to the complex herintage in Brazil. The registration of surnames is a flexible process, allowing families to celebrate their roots and create unique combinations that will carry their history forward into the future. What about you? Which Brazilian last name would you choose for yourself? Which of the Brazilian last names and surnames had the best meaning for you? Tell us in the comments below! Click on the links below to see more related DicasBrazilian FlagBrazilian FolkloreSantos DumontRio de Janeiro Neighborhoods Isadora CarusoSEO Content Coordinator at Rio & Learn Portuguese School. She was seven month Rio & Learn Online Courses Academic Coordinator and our A Dica do Dia blog Coordinator for two years and a half. Fluent in Portuguese, English, Spanish, and with elementary proficiency in Chinese, she is a versatile communicator and a strategic asset to global teams.

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