Basic Portuguese Verbs

conjugation of the three basic portuguese verbs: ser - eu sou, você é, ele é, nós somos, vocês são, eles são; estar - eu estou, você está, ele está, nós estamos, vocês estão, eles estão; and ter: eu tenho, você tem, ele tem, nós temos, vocês têm, eles têm.

Whats up cariocas? How y’all doing? Today’s Dica will look at the present tense of basic Portuguese verbs. We have selected three main verbs someone need to learn when they are starting their Portuguese journey! These verbs can have different uses and are very important. So, let’s begin!

The Most Basic Portuguese Verbs

We separated these 3 particular verbs because they are very important when we are introducing ourselves to others, and are verbs that we use all the time. We use these three verbs to introduce ourselves, giving information such as:

Estado CivilMarital status

Basic Portuguese Verbs: Verb Ser

PronounsVerb SerPronunciation
Ele / Elaé
Eles / Elassão

We use the verb Ser (to be) to determine nationality, marital status, characteristics, date, religion and profession. Let’s see some examples:

  • Eu sou brasileiro.
    I am Brazilian
  • Você é casado?
    Are you married?
  • Ela é muito simpática.
    She is very nice.
  • Vocês são turistas?
    Are you tourists?
  • Hoje é sexta-feira.
    Today is Friday.
  • Nós não somos católicos.
    We are not Catholics.
  • Eles são estudantes de Português.
    They are Portuguese students.
  • Você já é nosso amigo no Facebook
    Are you friends with us on Facebook?

Basic Portuguese Verbs: Verb Estar

PronounsVerb EstarPronunciation
Ele / Elaestá
Eles / Elasestão

We use the verb Estar (to be) to determine mood, temperature, location and temporary characteristics. See the examples below:

  • Eu estou com fome.
    I am hungry.
  • Você está viajando pelo Brasil.
    You are traveling through Brazil.
  • Nós estamos em Copacabana.
    We are in Copacabana.
  • Eles estão cansados.
    They are tired.
  • Como vocês estão?
    How are you?
  • Maria está muito feliz!
    Maria is very happy!
  • Joshua está estudando Português no Brasil.
    Joshua is studying Portuguese in Brazil.

Basic Portuguese Verbs: Verb Ter

PronounsVerb EstarPronunciation
Ele / Elatem
Eles / Elastêm

We use the verb Ter (to have) to determine possession, family, age and physical characteristics. See the examples below:

  • Ele tem três irmãos.
    He has two brothers.
  • Elas têm muitos amigos no Rio de Janeiro.
    They have many friends in Rio de Janeiro.
  • Eu tenho um pião de madeira.
    I have a spinning-top made of wood.
  • Nós temos os olhos castanhos.
    We have brown eyes.
  • Pedro tem 27 anos.
    Pedro is 27 years old.
  • Catherine tem um visto de estudante para o Brasil.
    Catherine has a student visa for Brazil.

Now it’s your turn!

To practice even more, complete this dialogue with the basic verbs you’ve just learned.

Diogo: Oi! Eu ______ o Diogo. E você?

Julia: Oi Diogo! Muito prazer! Eu ______ a Julia!

Diogo: Legal! Quantos anos você ______ ?

Julia: Eu ______ 28 e você

Diogo: Eu ______ 32! Como você ______ hoje?

Julia: Eu ______ muito bem. Obrigada por perguntar. E você?

Diogo: Comigo também ______ tudo bem!

Julia: Que bom. Foi um prazer. Tchau!

Really easy, right? We have just learned the Present Tense of basic verbs in Portuguese, and now we can introduce ourselves. What do you say we use this to make new friends? In our RioLIVE! Activities you can learn Portuguese and still make some friends. Come meet us! We will be waiting for you in our next Dica!

See you then!

Click on the links below to see more related Dicas
Verb Ser in Portuguese
Verb Estar in Portuguese
Exercises with Ser and Estar in Portuguese


Diogo: Oi! Eu sou o Diogo. E você?

Julia: Oi Diogo! Muito prazer! Eu sou a Julia!

Diogo: Legal! Quantos anos você tem?

Julia: Eu tenho 28 e você

Diogo: Eu tenho 32! Como você está hoje?

Julia: Eu estou muito bem. Obrigada por perguntar. E você?

Diogo: Comigo também está tudo bem!

Julia: Que bom. Foi um prazer. Tchau!

This post is also available in: English Português (Portuguese) Español (Spanish)

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