Brazilian Coffee

11 de August de 2015

Hello friends! In our Dica today, we’ll talk about Brazilian Coffee and the best Brazilian coffee brands. Did you know that Brazil has a long history of coffee? And also many different types of coffee? Our coffee grows in many different regions, from Santos to the Brazilian Cerrado coffee. We also have a Brazilian arabica coffee. So grab your mug of Carioca coffee or maybe a little cup of Brazilian expresso and let’s drink some coffee today!

The Traditional Brazilian Coffee

Coffee, popularly known as cafézinho is a big part of Brazilian culture. Brazil is the biggest coffee producer in the world. So of course we have the habit of drinking coffee all day, every day! When you visit a Brazilian home, it’s common to be offered a cup of coffee, even on hot summer days. Our coffee is usually served in small cups and very strong. Together Brazil, USA and Germany consume 50% of world coffee. We like coffee so much that we keep our coffee combinations simple, like the famous pingado: coffee with a drop of milk. Talking about types of coffee, Brazilians usually consume a mix between Brazilian arabica coffee and Conilon (or Robusta) beans.

Do you want to know how Brazilians have their coffee? Take a look at this video and see how we drink coffee in Brazil. Don’t forget to turn the subtitles on and check out our Youtube Channel to more Dicas like this one. 

The Importance of Brazilian Coffee

When sugar was no longer as profitable as it had previously been, Brazil started to invest in coffee plantations, which later became the country’s main source of income. It wasn’t until around 1760 that Brazil, and the rest of the world, saw a growth in coffee production. So Brazil took advantage of this and using slave labor, started what historians have named the Ciclo Cafeeiro (Coffee Cycle). Starting from when plants were brought from Maranhão to Rio, and production really took off, the Brazilian GDP increased enormously between 1835 and 1850. Brazilian Coffee made its way into our economy and culture, and nowadays, the country is the biggest exporter and producer, responsible for a third of the world’s coffee production.

Understand the Different Coffee Beans from Brazil

  • Brazilian Arabica Coffee: Highly praised by people who like a more refined coffee. The arabica comes from a plant with white flowers, and has an acidic and slightly sweet taste! The caffeine content is light, about 1.2%. It’s the most famous type of coffee in the world.
    • A well known type of Arabica coffee is Acaiá coffee. This coffee plant has red fruit around the bean. The main characteristic of Acaiá is the smooth, fruity taste. It often features in blends that are highly praised in tastings.
    • Another variation from Arabica is the Bourbon coffee. Bourbon is planted above 800 meters, which makes the cultivation of this plant very specific and even somewhat complicated. But it’s worth it, as it produces one of the best quality beans in the world. The aroma is very intense and the complex flavor, with hints of hazelnut, is not very acidic but has chocolate tones.
    • The Catuaí coffee is a 100% Brazilian creation! Created by the Agronomic Institute of Campinas, this coffee represents 45% of the country’s coffee plantations. Planting Catuaí is simpler, this was purposely done to facilitate cultivation, with lower and more resistant plants. Catuaí comes from one of the native Brazilian languages and means “very good”.
    • A little less known variation of Arabica is Geisha Coffee. No, this coffee has nothing to do with the Orient! It is believed that this coffee was created in the Gesha village in Ethiopia. It is used to produce a very aromatic and floral cup of coffee. But it is a very difficult coffee to produce and you rarely find it.
    • Kona Coffee is considered the tastiest in the world. Hence, it is also one of the most expensive. Its name comes from the city of Kona, Hawaii, and it has many qualities making it so tasty but most important is that it produces a very fruity and velvety coffee.
  • Brazilian Conilon Coffee: This type of coffee, also called Robusta, is widely used as instant coffee, and is the mostly loved by those who are not hardcore coffee fans, as it has a slightly chocolatey taste. This type of coffee is more consumed amongst Brazilians than exported. Because it has a caffeine concentration of 2,2%, the Conilon coffee is more robust than the Arabica.

Best Brazilian Coffee Regions

To understand more about the geographic distribution of our coffee, check out the best coffee regions in Brazil:

  • Chapada Diamantina
  • Cerrado Mineiro
  • Sul de Minas
  • Matas de Minas
  • Mantiqueira de Minas
  • Alta Mogiana
  • Montanhas do Espírito Santo
  • Rio de Janeiro
  • Ourinhos e Avaré
  • Norte do Paraná

Brazilian Coffee Brands

Now that you know the best of Brazilian coffee, let’s get to know the best Brazilian coffee brands!

  • Café Pilão
  • Dark Brazilian Santos Coffee
  • Dark Brazilian Cerrado Coffee
  • Café do Ponto
  • Café 3 Corações
  • Peet’s Coffee Brazil Minas Naturais
  • Cabloco Tradicional

Coffee Curiosities

  • Brazil produces about 35% of the world’s coffee crop.
  • Brazil has about 290,000 coffee growers.
  • About 6 billion coffee bushes grow each year in Brazil.
  • Situated in the south-eastern part of the country, Minas Gerais is Brazil’s largest coffee-producing state.
  • In Brazil, coffee beans are harvested from May through to September.
  • With a 28 percent share, Brazil is the top supplier of coffee to the U.S.
  • Eighty percent of coffee from Brazil is a variety known as Arabica. The Brazilian arabica coffee is for sure one of the most famous variants of our coffee.
  • Brazilian farmers traditionally pick coffee beans by hand, meaning just one or two harvests are gathered from each bush.
  • The coffee industry in Brazil generates about 8 million jobs.
  • The coffee borer beetle, which lays eggs in coffee beans, costs Brazil $300 million per year in lost crops.
  • Small-scale coffee farming in Brazil gained traction in 1888 after the abolition of slavery and the introduction of favorable immigration rules.
  • The first major exports of coffee in Brazil began in 1802.
  • In 1837 coffee was the biggest export of Brazil.
  • The traditional Brazilian coffee is known for its clean, sweet, medium-bodied, low-acid qualities.
  • Production of specialty coffees in Brazil increased in the 1990s.
  • Brazil is the world’s second-largest consumer of coffee.
  • More than 98 percent of Brazilian households drink coffee.
  • Coffee shop chain Starbucks opened its 100th store in Brazil in 2015.

There’s an amazing place in the center of Rio de Janeiro called Curto Café. This place is great not only because of its welcoming service and friendly staff, but most of all because of its honesty system payment ideology with suggested collaborative prices. That is, you can pay as much as you want!  If you come study Portuguese in Brazil with us, we can take you there to have a great cup of coffee, and you can even order your coffee yourself.

That’s it! Are you eager to try arabica or cerrado Brazilian coffee? Would you have a Brazilian expresso even on a hot summer day? Tell us in the comments! Grab a piece of cake, a cup of coffee and get ready for more classes with your favorite Portuguese school!
Kisses from Brazil.

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