Calendar in Portuguese

Calendar in Portuguese: calendar of RioLIVE! activities at Rio & Learn in 2021.

Calendar in Portuguese: Days, Months and Years

What’s the date today? For every language, it is something different. Not even Spanish speakers will be able to guess how to say the days of the week in Portuguese. That’s part of the fun (and of the hardship) of learning a new language, isn’t it? So today we’ll be teaching you how to talk about the calendar in Portuguese. What month is it? What year? Let’s find out!

Months in Portuguese

No mystery here. This is the one thing that is sure to be easy when you’re learning Portuguese. Months in Portuguese are just like months in many other Indo-European languages: some tweaks in pronunciation and spelling, but, at its core, the same old thing. Take a look:

Janeiro January
Fevereiro February
Março March
Abril April
Maio May
Junho June
Julho July
Agosto August
Setembro September
Outubro October
Novembro November
Dezembro December

It’s important to note that months in Portuguese should not be capitalized. That is, whenever we talk about a date, months are written in lower case. This, however, is not the case if we are talking about an event that is known for its date. Check out these examples:

O aniversário dela é em março.
Her birthday is in March.

O 11 de Setembro mudou o mundo.
September 11th changed the world.

Days in Portuguese

So, when we talk about the calendar in Portuguese, we need to discuss two different things: days of the week and dates. Let’s take it one at a time, shall we?

Calendar in Portuguese: Dates

We know our months, now let’s learn our dates. In Portuguese, dates are usually said with cardinal numbers. The only exception to that would be the first day of the month – in this case, instead of saying um (1), we say primeiro (1st). You should also pay attention to this detail: day (dia) in Portuguese is a masculine word. That is, all dates are masculine! Take a look:

Nasci no dia cinco de agosto.
I was born August 5th.

Primeiro de Maio é o dia dos trabalhadores no Brasil.
May 1st is Workers’ Day in Brazil.

Marcamos de sair no dia quinze de abril.
We scheduled to go out on April 15th.

As you can see, we use the format day-month-year to talk about dates in Portuguese. And we usually always say the word dia before the date. Pay attention to the preposition we use: em (contraction: no). This is the standard way to talk about dates in Brazil. If you want you can read more about dates in Portuguese in this Dica.

Calendar in Portuguese: Days of the Week

This is, for sure, the one thing that will blow your mind! In a lot of languages, days of the week are named after Gods or planets and stars. Sunday is, after all, the day of the sun. And martes comes from the planet and god of war, Mars. Days of the Week in Portuguese, however, don’t quite fit this pattern. First and foremost, we consider Sunday to be the first day of the week. So a calendar in Portuguese would be organized like this:

Domingo Sunday
Segunda-Feira Monday
Terça-Feira Tuesday
Quarta-Feira Wednesday
Quinta-Feira Thursday
Sexta-Feira Friday
Sábado Saturday

Now, you may be confused with all this feira stuff. Feira means street market or fair, and let’s imagine each day of the day has its own fair. They would vary only in order. How would we identify them? Well, the first one is special, it’s domingo. The second fair would be, well, segunda-feira. The third, terça-feira. And so forth. These are all the ordinal numbers in Portuguese, except for domingo and sábado, of course.

We also don’t capitalize days of the week in Portuguese. And we often shorten them by dropping the feira. So while you’re having Portuguese classes in Rio, you’ll rarely hear people say sexta-feira. Instead, they’ll just say sexta. You can listen to one of our native Portuguese teachers pronouncing the days of the week in Portuguese in this Dica right here.

Years in Portuguese

Finally, to wrap this up, let’s see how we can talk about years in Portuguese. The first thing you need to keep in mind is that usually we say numbers in full. That is, there’s no twenty-twenty. It’s two thousand twenty. Always. No exceptions. For that reason, you’d better learn your big numbers in Portuguese, you hear?

The main difficulty people have is the use of e. In Portuguese, we like to add e between most numbers, especially when we are talking about years. Take a look:

2021 Dois mil vinte e um

1964 Mil novecentos e sessenta e quatro

1498 Mil quatrocentos e noventa e oito

Don’t forget that unless you want to be spotted as the gringo!

Just like in English, however, we do have some situations in which the century is implied. In these situations, it’s fine to say simply the last two digits of the number:

Meu pai nasceu em 56.
My father was born in ’56.

Nós somos de 82.
We are from ’82.

Prepositions to Talk about the Years in Portuguese

Pay attention here! We use the prepositions de and em to talk about years in Portuguese. Em is preferred when we only specify the year. And de is the one we use when we talk about actual dates. Check it out:

No dia 13 de agosto de 2018, conheci meu namorado.
On August 13th 2018, I met my boyfriend.

Conheci meu namorado em 2018.
I met my boyfriend in 2018.

O Brasil se tornou independente no dia 7 de setembro de 1822.
Brazil became independent on September 7th 1822.

O Brasil se tornou independente em 1822.
Brazil became independent in 1822.

I hope you learned plenty today! Now, tell me: quando é o seu aniversário? When’s your birthday?
See you in the next Dica!

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Click on the links below to see more Dicas
Holiday in Portuguese
Brazil’s Holidays
Dates in Portuguese

This post is also available in: English Español (Spanish)

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