Comparatives in Portuguese

Comparatives in Portuguese. Superioridade: mais + adjetivo + (do) que Inferioridade: menos + adjetivo + (do) que Igualdade: tão + adjetivo + quanto

How are you, guys? In our Dica today, we are going to learn about the comparatives in Portuguese. Ready to learn Portuguese?

Comparatives in Portuguese

When we use comparatives in Portuguese, we use different structures. Superiority, inferiority and equality. Something very important to use superiority and inferiority comparatives, it’s the usage of adjectives. You can learn more about it with this Dica of Adjectives in Portuguese.

Comparative of Superiority

Comparatives in Portuguese. Ele é mais alto que ela. He is taller than her. Comparative dof Superiority.

Let’s start learning about the comparatives of superiority. Let’s see some examples using the comparatives of superiority:

Examples

José é mais alto do que Marcos.
José is taller than Marcos.

Maria é mais inteligente que a irmã dela.
Maria is more intelligent than her sister.

Nossos livros são mais bonitos do que os livros da Marina.
Our books are more beautiful than Marina’s.

A casa do João é mais alta do que a casa da Juliana.
João’s house is bigger than Juliana’s.

Eu sou mais rápido do que você.
I am faster than you.

Nossa cidade é mais interessante que a deles.
Our city is more interesting than theirs.

Vocês são mais espertos que os seus amigos.
You are smater than your friends.

Special Cases

When we use the adjectives bom (good), ruim (bad), grande (big) and pequeno (small) to talk about superiority, the word mais is not used. Take a look:

Comparatives in Portuguese. bom > melhor ruim > pior grande > maior pequeno > menor

Examples

Caipirinha é melhor do que cerveja.
Caipirinha is better than beer.

Eu acho que clima frio é pior do que clima quente.
I think cold weather is worse than hot weather.

São Paulo é maior que o Rio de Janeiro.
São Paulo is bigger than Rio de Janeiro.

O Brasil é menor que a Rússia.
Brazil is smaller than Russia.

Comparative of Inferiority

Comparatives in Portuguese. Ele é menos tímido que ela. He is less shy than her. Comparative of inferiority.

Let’s see now, some structures using the comparatives of inferiority. You just have to substitute the word mais by the word menos:

Examples

Maria é menos rápida que o irmão dela.
Maria is less fast than her brother.

Ele é menos inteligente que os amigos.
He is less intelligent than his friends.

Nós somos menos preocupados do que as pessoas da cidade vizinha.
We are less worried than the people of the other city.

O Rio é menos populoso do que São Paulo.
Rio is less populous than São Paulo.

As lanchonetes são menos caras do que os restaurantes.
The snack bars are less expensive than the restaurants.

As revistas em quadrinhos são menos interessantes que os livros.
The comic books are less interesting than books.

Os homens são menos cuidadosos que as mulheres.
Men are less careful than women.

 

Comparative of Equality

 

Comparatives in Portuguese. Ele é tão inteligente quanto ela. He is as intelligent as her. Comparative of equality

Let’s finish talking about the comparative of equality. We use the comparatives of equality to talk about things that are the same (or very similar) in quantity or quality. Let’s see some sentences using the comparatives of equality:

Examples

Maria é tão alta quanto José.
Maria is as tall as José.

Marcos é tão inteligente quanto Naomi.
Marcos is as intelligent as Naomi.

Moraes lê tantos livros quanto Luíza.
Moraes reads as many books as Luíza.

Rui viu tantos filmes quanto sua esposa.
Rui watched as many movies as his wife.

Maria trabalha tanto quanto José.
Maria works as much as José.

João estuda tanto quanto o irmão.
João studies as much as his brother.

Marta tanto quanto Joselha.
Marta reads as much as Joselha.

As you can see, for comparatives of equality we use the words tão and tanto. You can see more examples of this on this Dica about Tão and Tanto in Portuguese.

 

Remember, for you to use comparatives in Portuguese you should always refer to two objects. How about an exercise to practice a little?

Now it’s your turn!

Complete the sentences using the correct comparative:

  1. (superioridade) O Rio de Janeiro é ____ bonito ____ Buenos Aires.
  2. (inferioridade) Os preços da lanchonete são ____ caros ____ os do restaurante.
  3. (igualdade) A vida na praia é ___ tranquila _____ nas montanhas.
  4. (inferioridade) A vida na cidade é ____ tranquila _____ no campo.
  5. (superioridade) São Paulo tem ____ habitantes ____ o Rio de Janeiro.
  6. (igualdade) João é ___ inteligente _____ o irmão dele.
  7. (superioridade) Nós temos ____ livros ____ eles.
  8. (igualdade) Marina é ____ alta ______ a colega.
  9. (superioridade) Seu carro é muito _____ caro _____ o meu.
  10. (igualdade) Ele não tem _________ amigos _________ você.

That’s all folks! Now, we know a bit more about each comparative in Portuguese.

So long!
Hugs from Rio de Janeiro!

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Clique nos links abaixo para ver mais Dicas relacionadas:
Portuguese Present Tense of Ser
Conjugation of the Verb Ser in Portuguese
Present Tense of Ser, Estar and Ter in Portuguese

Adjetives in Portuguese
The opposites in Portuguese
Superlative in Portuguese

Answers

  1. mais – que
  2. menos – que
  3. tão – quanto
  4. menos – do que
  5. mais – que
  6. tão – quanto
  7. mais – do que
  8. tão – quanto
  9. mais – do que
  10. tantos – quanto

This post is also available in: English Português (Portuguese) Español (Spanish)

One Response

  1. This was very helpful, but i had one small question. How do I know whether to use que or de que in my comparative statement? is there a hard rule or is it up to personal preference?

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