Example with compound future time clause: quando eu tiver terminado meu trabalho, irei à lapa.

Hey, friends! Are you ready for our free Portuguese lesson from today? Today we’ll learn about the compound future time clause in Portuguese. Don’t worry! We’ll explain everything to you.

What is a Time Clause?

You probably remember that in Portuguese we have 3 verbal modes: indicative, subjunctive and imperative. To jog your memory a little bit, let’s review what they are.

The indicative is the mode of things that are real, certain. The imperative is a verbal mode to give orders, ask for stuff or give advice.

And last but not least, the subjunctive. This mode is about uncertainty, possibilities, wishes… Basically actions that have not yet been performed and that depend on another action. Many languages don’t have this specific mode, and that’s why a lot of students struggle with it. If you want to master the subjunctive, come do a course with us and we’ll teach you everything you need to know.

The Compound Future Time Clause

Now that you understand what the subjunctive is all about, let’s focus on the compound future of it. It can be used in the same situations as the Future Subjunctive, that is, to talk about actions in an uncertain future. Okay, but when do we know when to use each one? Let’s see an example to understand it better.

Example

Se eu for à praia, ficarei cansado.
If I go to the beach, I will be tired.

Se eu tiver ido à praia, ficarei cansado.
If I had gone to the beach, I would be tired.

These two examples may look similar, but there is an important difference. In the first example I haven’t been to the beach, but I know that if I go, I will be tired. In the second, it means that I had decided in the past to go to the beach it would make me tired in the future. These form part of the ‘conditional’ or ‘if’ clauses in English grammar.

Let’s see a few more examples:

Quando eu tiver terminado o trabalho, poderei descansar.
When I have finished the job, I will be able to rest.

Se eu tiver economizado 3 mil reais, vou poder viajar.
If I had saved 3 thousand reais, I would be able to travel.

Vamos falar sobre o livro quando vocês tiverem terminado de ler.
We will talk about the book when you have finished reading it.

Formation of the compound future time clause

To form the compound future time clause, it’s very simple. You just have use the verb ter in the future subjunctive form, and then add the main verb in the participle form, like making a perfect tense in English. Check out an example with the verb falar (to talk): Conjugation of the compound future time clause of the verb falar: se eu tiver falado, se você tiver falado, se ele/ela tiver falado, se nós tivermos falado, se vocês tiverem falado, se eles/elas tiverem falado.

If you need any help with the participle of the verbs, check out this Dica about passive voice and see some verbs in this form.

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Now it’s your turn!

Now that you know how to use it, complete this exercise using the compound future time clause. Answer each question creating sentences with the verb between parenthesis.

  1. Quando ele vai à praia? Quando o sol __________ (sair).
  2. Vocês vão à festa? Só se nós __________ (terminar) nosso dever de casa.
  3. Quando eles vão tirar férias? Quando __________ (completar) um ano de trabalho.
  4. Eles já sabem? Não, só saberão quando você __________ (falar) com eles.
  5. Quando elas vão casar? Quando uma delas __________ (pedir) a outra em casamento.
  6. Você gostou do presente? Ainda não sei, quando __________ (receber), te conto.
  7. Quando eles vão se mudar? Quando a __________ (acabar) a reforma.
  8. Você terá a notícia hoje? Apenas se eles já __________ (decidir).
  9. Vamos viajar ao Brasil? Claro! Quando eu __________ (juntar) dinheiro suficiente, te aviso.
  10. Vocês estão mais felizes? Não! Ficaremos felizes quando __________ (comprar) roupas novas.

We hope you’ve enjoyed our lesson!

Until the next one, bye bye 🙂

 

Ler esta Dica em Português   Leer esta Dica en Español
Click on the links below to see more related Dicas
Passive Voice in Portuguese
Imperfect Subjunctive in Portuguese
Portuguese Subjunctive Exercises
Present Subjunctive

 

Answers

  1. Quando ele vai à praia? Quando o sol tiver saído (sair).
  2. Vocês vão à festa? Só se nós tivermos terminado (terminar) nosso dever de casa.
  3. Quando eles vão tirar férias? Quando tiverem completado (completar) um ano de trabalho.
  4. Eles já sabem? Não, só saberão quando você tiver falado (falar) com eles.
  5. Quando elas vão casar? Quando uma delas tiver pedido (pedir) a outra em casamento.
  6. Você gostou do presente? Ainda não sei, quando tiver recebido (receber), te conto.
  7. Quando eles vão se mudar? Quando a tiver acabado (acabar) a reforma.
  8. Você terá a notícia hoje? Apenas se eles já tiverem decidido (decidir).
  9. Vamos viajar ao Brasil? Claro! Quando eu tiver juntado (juntar) dinheiro suficiente, te aviso.
  10. Vocês estão mais felizes? Não! Ficaremos felizes quando tivermos comprado (comprar) roupas novas.

 

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