Demonstrative Pronouns in Portuguese

Demonstrative Pronouns in Portuguese. Aquele prédio da Petrobrás é muito moderno.

What are Demonstrative Pronouns in Portuguese?

Hello people! Welcome to A Dica do Dia! Today, we are going to talk about the demonstrative pronouns in Portuguese. But what are demonstrative pronouns exactly? Well, why not try answering this question: how do you say this in Portuguese? What about that?

In short, demonstrative pronouns are words we use to point at things. These can refer to things that are either close to us, close to the person we’re talking to, or far away from all of us. Take a look at the Portuguese demonstrative pronouns:Demonstrative Pronouns in Portuguese: este, esta, estes, estas, esse, essa, esses, essas, aquele, aquelas, aqueles, aquelas.Ready to find out how to use each of them? Let’s go then!

 

Este, Esta

We use este and esta to talk about things that are close to us. We usually have the adverb Aqui with it.

Demonstrative Pronouns in Portuguese. Este celular aqui.

Examples with this in Portuguese

Estes carros aqui são muito modernos.
These cars here are very modern.

Este escritório é muito antigo aqui na cidade.
This office is very old here in the city.

Este livro que estou lendo é muito interessante.
This book I am reading is really interesting.

 

Esse, Essa

Esse and essa is used to talk about things that are close to the people we are talking to. We can use the adverb with esse or essa.

Demonstrative Pronouns in Portuguese. Esse livro aí (com você)

Examples with this in Portuguese

Esses documentos são importantes?
Are these documents here important?

Essas canetas são suas?
Are these yours pens?

Você gosta de ver esse jornal?
Do you like to watch this news program?

Conheço essa música. É do Caetano Veloso!
I know this song. It’s by Caetano Veloso!

 

Aquele, Aquela

We use aquele and aquela to talk about things that are far from us. For these demonstrative pronouns we can use the adverbs Ali or .

Demonstrative Pronouns in Portuguese. Aquela estátua lá é do Michael Jackson.Examples with that in Portuguese

Aquelas praias são muito bonitas.
Those beaches there are very beautiful.

Aqueles prédios são interessantes.
Those buildings are interesting.

Aquela moça é muito simpática.
That lady is very friendly.

 

Undetermined Demonstrative Pronouns in Portuguese:
Isso, Isto, Aquilo

We use these three forms when we’re speaking about something which we aren’t quite sure about, for example if we don’t know the gender or what the object is. You should use this form when you don’t know the name of something. They can also be followed by aqui, ali, and lá. Also, it CANNOT be used with plural as it’s always in singular.

Isso is used when we speak about something which is close to the person we’re talking to and can be followed by . For example:

Isso é um chinelo

Isto for when we speak about something close to both the speaker and the listener and can be followed by aqui:

 Isto é uma exposição.

Aquilo is when we speak about something far from both us and the listener and sometimes will be followed by or ali:

O que é aquilo?

Examples with aquilo, isso, isto

Isto é o que eu como todos os dias
This is what I eat every day.

Aquilo é um arco-íris.
That‘s a rainbow.

Aquilo é um cachorro ou um gato?
Is that a dog or a cat?

Isso é uma queimadura?
Is this a burn?

Você viu aquilo?
Did you see that?

Now, let’s pay attention to this Video Dica and practice the pronunciation of the demonstrative pronouns in Portuguese:

 

Em + Demonstrative Pronouns in Portuguese

And here it comes again! Contractions! Brazilians love to use contractions — that is, to shorten two words by putting them together and making them one. In this case, we are talking about putting together the preposition em (in) with a demonstrative pronoun. But don’t panic! It’s easier than it may sound. Take a look at this:

Há muitas pessoas aqui nesta escola.
There are a lot of people here in this school.

Você já procurou nesses lugares aí?
Did you already look for it in those places over there?

Há muitos estudantes ali naquele bar.
There are a lot of students there in that bar.

As you can see, it is simple! Whenever you’d use in + this/that/these/those in English, you will need one of the following words:

close to us
em + este = neste
em + esta = nesta
em + estes = nestes
em + estas = nestas

close to who we’re talking to
em + esse = nesse
em + essa = nessa
em + esses = nesses
em + essas = nessas

far from us
em + aquele = naquele
em + aquela = naquela
em + aqueles = naqueles
em + aquelas = naquelas

 

Now Let’s Practice Demonstrative Pronouns in Portuguese!

A) Complete the sentences below using the correct demonstrative pronouns in Portuguese:

  1. _____ canetas aqui na mesa são minhas.
  2. _____ caderno com você é novo?
  3. _____ estudantes ali na sala ao lado são novos.
  4. _____ pessoas na praia estão felizes.
  5. _____ livro aqui comigo é do João.
  6. _____ óculos com você são seus?
  7. _____ sapatos aqui não são meus.
  8. _____ documentos são do Ricardo.
  9. _____ dinheiro ali na gaveta é da minha mãe.
  10. _____ mulher na loja é muito simpática.
  11. _____ sala aqui é muito limpa.
  12. Eu não sei o que é ______ lá.
  13. Luciano, vem aqui ver ______
  14. Eu não sei o que é _____ aí.
  15. O que é ______ ?
  16. Você viu ______ ali?
  17. Eu não como _____ aí.

B) Fill in the blanks using the correct contraction of em + demonstrative pronouns in Portuguese:

  1. Meus fones de ouvido estão _____ bolsa .
  2. Você já comeu _____ restaurante ?
  3. Mariana trabalha _____ academia aqui.
  4. _____ cidade  não tem nada pra fazer.
  5. Os vestidos estão _____ armário aqui.
  6. _____ quiosques dá pra comprar água de coco.
  7. _____ bar aí as bebidas são baratas.
  8. Tem muitos turistas _____ praias .
  9. _____ casas  só vivem políticos.
  10. O aluguel é baixo _____ bairros aqui.
  11. Há várias empresas _____ prédios .
  12. A acústica é ótima _____ salas aqui.
  13. _____ casa aqui só vive gente louca.
  14. Quanto custa um corte de cabelo _____ salão ?
  15. Você já se hospedou _____ hotel cinco estrelas ?

That’s all friends!
Now we know about the usage of the Demonstrative Pronouns in Portuguese, let’s use them!

Hope to see you guys soon!
Hugs from Rio & Learn!

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Click on the links below to see more related Dicas
Adverbs of Place in Portuguese
Personal Pronouns in Portuguese
Reflexive Pronouns in Portuguese
Possessive Pronouns in Portuguese

Answers (A)

  1. Estas
  2. Esse
  3. Aqueles
  4. Aquelas
  5. Este
  6. Esses
  7. Estes
  8. Esses
  9. Aquele
  10. Aquela
  11. Esta
  12. Aquilo
  13. Isto
  14. Isso
  15. Aquilo
  16. Aquilo
  17. Isso

Answers (B)

  1. nessa
  2. naquele
  3. nesta
  4. Naquela
  5. neste
  6. Naqueles
  7. Nesse
  8. nessas
  9. Naquelas
  10. nestes
  11. nesses
  12. nestas
  13. Nesta
  14. nesse
  15. naquele

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