Estar Conjugation in Portuguese

Ejemplo con la conjugación del verbo estar en portugués: Eles estão aprendendo a surfar.

Hello! How is the weather in your country? Let’s learn Estar conjugation in Portuguese. We use the verb estar in Portuguese to express temporary characteristics, location and temperature. We also have many expressions with the verb estar.

How to use the verb Estar in Portuguese

So as you have already seen above, we can use the verb estar in Portuguese to talk about temperatures, temporary characteristics and locations. So we’re going to look at these one by one.

Temperatures

The verb estar is used to talk about temperatures. If somewhere is hot or cold or also to talk about the weather, for example:

Em Bangu está muito quente.
Is very hot in Bangu.

O clima está nublado, não vou à praia.
It’s cloudy, I won’t go to the beach.

O clima está ótimo pra ficar em casa e ver um filme.
The weather is great to stay at home and watch a movie. 

Temporary Characteristics

Also, the verb estar in Portuguese is perfect to talk about temporary characteristics. We can use it to talk about feelings and emotions or other temporary characteristics too. If someone is sad, happy, hungry, mad, sleepy…

Monique está muito cansada hoje.
Monique is very tired today.

Eu estou muito animada, vou encontrar minhas amigas.
I’m very excited, I’m going to meet my friends.

Ele está irritado com o chefe.
He is angry with his boss. 

Locations

We use it to talk about locations, that is, where something or someone is. This location can be stationary or moveable. For example:

Eu estou no Rio de Janeiro.
I‘m in Rio de Janeiro.

Minha irmã está no Canadá.
My sister is in Canadá.

Danilo está na escola e sua noiva está em casa.
Danilo is in the school and his fiance is at home. 

Learn the conjugation of the verb Estar in Portuguese!

Well, now, we’ll learn the complete conjugation of the verb Estar in Portuguese, paying extra attention to its endings, because this verb is quite irregular! To help you a little, we’ve marked the endings of the regular ones in bold, while the irregulars will have an asterisk next to it!

Indicative

Present Past perfect Imperfect Past
Eu estou Eu estive* Eu estava
Você está Você esteve* Você estava
Ele/ ela está Ele/ ela esteve* Ele/ ela estava
Nós estamos Nós estivemos* Nós estávamos
Vocês estão Vocês estiveram* Vocês estavam
Eles/ elas estão Eles/ elas estiveram* Eles/ elas estavam
Past pluperfect simple Past pluperfect composed
Eu estivera* Eu tinha estado
Você estivera* Você tinha estado
Ele/ ela estivera* Ele/ ela tinha estado
Nós estivéramos* Nós tínhamos estado
Vocês estiveram* Vocês tinham estado
Eles/ elas estiveram* Eles/ elas tinham estado
Simple Future Immediate Future Future of the past
Eu estarei Eu vou estar Eu estaria
Você esta Você vai estar Você estaria
Ele/ ela esta Ele/ ela vai estar Ele/ ela estaria
Nós estaremos Nós vamos estar Nós estaríamos
Vocês estarão Vocês vão estar Vocês estariam
Eles/ elas estarão Eles/ elas vão estar Eles/ elas estariam

Imperative

Affirmative Negative
Esteja você* Não esteja você*
Esteja ele/ ela* Não esteja ele/ ela*
Estejamos nós* Não estejamos nós*
Estejam vocês* Não estejam vocês*
Estejam eles/ elas* Não estejam eles/ elas*

Subjunctive

Present Imperfect Past Future
Que eu esteja* Se eu estivesse* Quando eu estiver*
Que você esteja* Se você estivesse* Quando você estiver*
Que ele/ela esteja* Se ele/ela estivesse* Quando ele/ela estiver*
Que nós estejamos* Se nós estivéssemos* Quando nós estivermos*
Que vocês estejam* Se vocês estivessem* Quando vocês estiverem*
Que eles/elas estejam* Se eles/elas estivessem* Quando eles estiverem*

Other tenses

Personal infinitive Gerund Participle
Para estar eu Estando Estado
Para estar você
Para estar ele/ela
Para estarmos nós
Para estarem vocês
Para estarem eles/elas

Time to practice!

Practice Estar in Portuguese

You know that our students go everywhere with our RioLIVE! Activities, right? Take a look at this six pictures below and answer:

  • Where are you now?
  • What are you doing?

Estar in Portuguese. Where are we? What are we doing?

See you next Dica! Have you been inspired by this lesson? Why not come study Portuguese in Brazil with us?!

Hugs from Rio de Janeiro!

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Click on the links below to see more related Dicas
Verb to be (estar)
Verb Estar in Pretérito Perfeito
Estive e Estava
Estar com in Portuguese

Answers with verb estar in Portuguese

  1. Ele está no Parque Lage. Ele está dançando balé.
  2. Eles estão na Rio & Learn. Eles estão dançando samba.
  3. Eles estão no Maracanã. Eles estão assistindo um jogo de futebol.
  4. Eles estão no mar. Eles estão surfando.
  5. Eles estão na praia. Eles estão jogando futebol.
  6. Nós estamos na Feira de São Cristóvão. Nós estamos jantando.

This post is also available in: English Português (Portuguese) Español (Spanish)

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