Festa Junina in Brazil

Hello folks! Today we’ll talk about one of the most important festivals in the Brazilian culture: Festa Junina in Brazil (June Festival).

Festa Junina is a catholic celebration where people prepare bazaars in honor of three saints, namely; Saint Antony, on June 13th; Saint John, on June 24th and Saint Peter, on June 29th. That’s why we call it June Festival.

Festa Junina in Brazil

Decoration with colorful little flags at Festa Junina, june festival in Brazil.

Decoration with colorful little flags

The June festival originated in Europe, maily in France, and was brought to Brazil by the Portuguese people. Here in Brazil this party had its origin in the countryside and used to be a way to celebrate the harvesting of plantations. The period from June to September is reserved to harvesting, soil preparatiion and planting a new crop and the farmers used to bring the products of their hasrvesting to this celebration. In the beginning the party was known as Festa Joanina in honor of Saint John, but then the name was changed to Festa Junina.

From the countryside, the party spread to the big cities and nowadays each region has its own way of celebrating, always with tons of music and typical food.

Typical food in Festa Junina

Typical Food

It is traditional during this festive season in Brazil, that we choose open sites as possible venues for the celebration. In Portuguese, we call these sites Arraiais. Normally, during the celebration bazaars of typical alcoholic drinks such as Quentão (is an alcoholic beverage made of cachaça, water, sugar, orange peel and lime, cinnamon, clove and slices of apples) are prepared. In addition, we play fun games like; Pau de Sebo (greasy pole), Pescaria (Fishing) and Correio elegante (Romantic Mail) and we often have fireworks.

Typical foods such as Canjica, Popcorn, Pé-de-moleque, Boiled Corn, Pamonha and Corn Cake, etc are usually for sale. Dancing plays an important part in the festival, and so, two of the most popular dances that people practice are; the Quadrilha (Quadrille or Country Dance) and Forró dances. Other traditional practices include; the building of bonfire and the performance of a fictitious Farm Wedding in which a redneck groom marries a redneck bride and the bride’s father is usually an angry man that holds a rifle to prevent the groom from running away.

Traditional Costume in Festa Junina

Traditional Costume

The festival is usually cheerfully decorated with colorful little flags, flowers, stars and balloons and as a complement to that, colorful outfits like dresses, straw hat, boots and plaid shirt, etc are usually worn by celebrants.

That’s all folks! Hope you enjoyed learning a little more about the Brazilian culture.
Until then. Good bye!

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