Go in Portuguese

Ejemplo usando el verbo ir en portugués: eles vão na praia todos os dias.

Hello! Let’s learn a bit more Portuguese? In today’s Dica, we are going to talk about the verb to Go in Portuguese.

To Go in Portuguese

We use the verb ir in Portuguese to talk about the kind of transportation we are going to use or the place we are going to. Everyday I go home on the subway, how about you?

This is an irregular verb, so to help you we marked with * the irregular forms, and in bold the terminations of each tense that follows a rule. Now, let’s take a look at the conjugation:

Indicative

Present Past Simple Imperfect Past
Eu vou* Eu fui* Eu ia
Você vai* Você foi* Você ia
Ele/ ela vai* Ele/ ela foi* Ele/ ela ia
Nós vamos* Nós fomos* Nós íamos
Vocês vão* Vocês foram* Vocês iam
Eles/ elas vão* Eles/ elas foram* Eles/ elas iam

 

Past pluperfect simple Past pluperfect composed
Eu fora* Eu tinha ido
Você fora* Você tinha ido
Ele/ ela fora* Ele/ ela tinha ido
Nós fôramos* Nós tínhamos ido
Vocês foram* Vocês tinham ido
Eles/ elas foram* Eles/ elas tinham ido

 

Simple Future Immediate Future Future of the past
Eu irei Eu vou ir Eu iria
Você irá Você vai ir Você iria
Ele/ ela irá Ele/ ela vai ir Ele/ ela iria
Nós iremos Nós vamos ir Nós iríamos
Vocês irão Vocês vão ir Vocês iriam
Eles/ elas irão Eles/ elas vão ir Eles/ elas iriam

Imperative

Affirmative Negative
Vá você* Não vá você*
Vá ele/ ela* Não vá ele/ ela*
Vamos nós* Não vamos nós*
Vão vocês* Não vão vocês*
Vão eles/ elas* Não vão eles/ elas*

Subjunctive

Present Imperfect Past Future
Que eu vá* Se eu fosse* Quando eu for*
Que você vá* Se você fosse* Quando você for*
Que ele/ela vá* Se ele/ela fosse* Quando ele/ela for*
Que nós vamos* Se nós fôssemos* Quando nós formos*
Que vocês vão* Se vocês fossem* Quando vocês forem*
Que eles/elas vão* Se eles/elas fossem* Quando eles/elas forem*

Other tenses

Personal infinitive Gerund Participle
Para ir eu Ido* Indo
Para ir você
Para ir ele/ela
Para irmos nós
Para irem vocês
Para irem  eles/elas

 

Go in Portuguese with prepositions

When we are using the verb to Go in Portuguese we often need to use it with a preposition. It can vary depending on what you say after it. Take a look at the three options below:

  • Ir de
  • Ir a
  • Ir para

Go in Portuguese + Preposition De

If you want to talk about the means of transport that you use to go somewhere, then you need to use the preposition De. Take a look at these examples:

Eu sempre vou de bicicleta para o trabalho.
I always go by bicycle to work.

Você vai de carro para o centro?
Are you going downtown by car?

Ele sempre vai de avião para os EUA.
He always goes to the USA by plane.

Vocês vão de táxi para casa?
Are you going home by taxi?

Eles vão de trem para o escritório.
They go to the office by train.

However, there are two occasions in which we need a different preposition. In these two cases, we use the preposition A: when we use the expressions ir a pé ( go on foot) and andar a cavalo (go on a horse).

Nós vamos a pé para a escola.
We are going to school on foot.

O vaqueiro vai a cavalo para o rodeio.
The cowboy goes to the rodeo on a horse.

Go in Portuguese + Preposition Para

When talking about places that you go, we would use the preposition Para because we are always going somewhere, right? Where would you like to go to, right now? 

Check out some examples with the preposition para:

Eu vou para a praia.
I am going to the beach.

Ele vai para o supermercado.
He is going to the supermarket.

Nós vamos para as Bahamas.
We are going to the  Bahamas.

Eles vão para os Estados Unidos.
They are going to the United States.

Ele vai para a Rio & Learn para aprender Português em 30 dias.
He is going to Rio & Learn to learn Portuguese in 30 days.

Go in Portuguese + Preposition A

The preposition para has a synonym in Portuguese: the preposition a. So you can use both of them in the same way. When the word that comes after the preposition a is masculine you can use the contraction ao (a + o). But, watch out, when the word that follows a is feminine (therefore using the article a), you don’t want to repeat the same sound. So instead of using a + a, you’ll replace them with the accented à. The name of this accented preposition is crase and we only use it when we put together the preposition para/a and the article a. 

Let’s see some examples:

Meu sonho é ir ao Canadá.
My dream is to go to Canada.

João queria que eu fosse à praia, mas não fui.
João wanted me to go to the beach, but I didn’t go.

Vamos à praia?
Let’s go to the beach?

Quando eu era criança, ia à casa da minha avó sempre.
When I was a kid, I always went to my grandmother’s house.

Eles foram ao show do Chico Buarque.
They went to Chico Buarque’s concert.

Exercise about To Go in Portuguese

Let’s practice what you’ve just learned! Connect the places and means of transport to the verb Ir in Portuguese and make some sentences!

Exercise about the verb Go in Portuguese. Ir, avião, barca, barco, bicicleta,skate, pé, metrô, Salvador, praia de Copacabana, casa, escola, academia, curso

Now that we know how to use Ir in Portuguese. Where do you want to go in Rio? We have a lot of amazing places for you to discover! Check out our Youtube videos to choose a place you want to go to.

See you in the next Portuguese lesson!

   Ler esta Dica em Português      Leer esta Dica en Español
Click in the links below to see more related Dicas
Means of transportation in Portuguese
Present of Ir in Portuguese
Imperfect Past of Ir in Portuguese
Rio de Janeiro Metro

Exercise about To Go in Portuguese: Answers

  • Eu quero que você  de avião para Salvador.
  • Eu vou de Niterói para a Praia de Copacabana de barca.
  • Quando eles voltarem de Ilha grande, irão para casa de barco.
  • Quando era criança, ela ia de skate à escola.
  • Marcos nunca foi a pé para a academia.
  • É melhor você ir de metrô para o curso.
  • Nós vamos para a Praia de Copacabana de bicicleta.

This post is also available in: English Português (Portuguese) Español (Spanish)

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