Imperfect Subjunctive in Portuguese

Ejemplo con el Pretérito Imperfecto del Subjuntivo en Portugués

Guys, in our Dica today, we will talk about the imperfect subjunctive in Portuguese.

The imperfect in the Subjunctive form highlights things that may or may not have happened. The idea is subjective. Let’s take a look at it’s formation.

Formation of the Imperfect Subjunctive in Portuguese

Formación del Imperfecto del subjuntivo en portugués. El imperfecto del subjuntivo se forma a partir de la tercera persona del plural del pretérito perfecto de indicativo, eliminando la terminación -ram. Ejemplos de conjugación del imperfecto del subjuntivo en portugués: Eles falaram, que eu falasse, que você falasse, que ele falasse, que nós falássemos, que vocês falassem, que eles falassem. Eles venderam: Que eu vendesse, que você vendesse, que ele vendesse, que nós vendêssemos, que vocês vendessem, que eles vendessem. Eles partiram: Que eu partisse, que você partisse, que ele partisse, que nós partíssemos, que vocês partissem, que eles partissem.

When we create sentences, the structure of the imperfect in it’s subjunctive form must have a verb in the perfect past or imperfect past plus a verb in the imperfect subjunctive. To better understand, let’s take a look at some examples using the imperfect subjunctive:

Examples with Imperfect Subjunctive in Portuguese

Eu pedi que ela ficasse até mais tarde.
I asked her to stay late.

João quis que todos participassem do seu aniversário.
John wanted everyone to participate in his birthday.

Foi importante que todos saíssem cedo.
It was important that everyone leave early.

Era possível que todos chegassem a tempo da palestra.
It was possible that everyone arrive on time for the lecture.

Ela queria que eu ficasse em Copacabana.
She wanted me to stay in Copacabana.

Márcia não queria que sua mãe soubesse do que estava acontecendo.
Márcia did not want her mother to know what was happening.

Nós queríamos que você aceitasse nossas desculpas.
We wanted you to accept our apologies.

Eles queriam que nós conhecêssemos a cidade maravilhosa.
They wanted us to know the marvelous city.

Very easy, isn’t it? How about practicing a little bit?

Now it’s your turn!

Complete the sentences with using the imperfect subjuntive in Portuguese:

  1. (morar) Meus pais queriam que eu _______ com eles.
  2. (ficar) Ela pediu que nós __________ mas tínhamos que partir.
  3. (vender) Eu falei para o meu irmão que ________ o carro.
  4. (sair) Duvidei que eles ______ de casa na hora.
  5. (fazer) Era recomendável que eles ________ o que eu pedi.
  6. (pedir) Foi importante que nós __________ ajuda.
  7. (vir) Eles não queriam que eu ______ por causa da chuva.
  8. (dizer) Eles exigiram que ela não ________ nada sobre o que aconteceu.
  9. (estar) Foi importante que os candidatos _________ lá no horário marcado.
  10. (entender) O professor falava alto para que todos o __________.

We at Rio & Learn, would like for you to practice the imperfect subjunctive in Portuguese with us, so we are going to wait for you here at our school.

Until next time friends!
Hugs from Rio de Janeiro!

Ler esta Dica em Português              Leer esta Dica en Español
Click on the links below to see more related Dicas
Pretérito Perfeito and Imperfeito
Presente do subjuntivo in Portuguese
Present Subjunctive with verbs of doubt in Portuguese
Conjunctions of the Subjunctive in Portuguese
Usage of Embora in Portuguese
Verbs of desire in Portuguese

 

Answers

1 – morasse
2 – ficássemos
3 – vendesse
4 – saíssem
5 – fizessem
6 – pedíssemos
7 – viesse
8 – dissesse
9 – estivessem
10 – entendessem

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