Nouns in Portuguese

Nouns in Portuguese. Vanessa está lendo um livro.
What’s up, buddies? Are you ready for one more class of Portuguese for foreigners?
So let’s do it! Let’s talk about nouns in Portuguese.

A noun is a word that gives a name to an object, animal or a person. In Portuguese there are different types of nouns and today we’ll talk about the common nouns, proper nouns, simple nouns, compound nouns, concrete nouns and abstract nouns. Let’s understand them one by one.

Importance: Common and Proper nouns

A common noun can be the name of an object or an animal. Let’s see some examples:

Eu adotei um cachorro muito fofo.
I adopted a really cute dog.

Nós queremos comprar uma casa nova.
We want to buy a new house.

Você pode pegar essa camisa para mim, por favor?
Can you get me this shirt, please?

Eles nunca viram uma capivara antes.
They have never seen a capybara before.

A proper noun is the one that gives name to a person or a place. The proper nouns always start with capital letter. Take a look:

O Rio de Janeiro é a cidade maravilhosa.
Rio de Janeiro is the marvelous city.

Pablo é professor na Rio & Learn.
Pablo is a teacher at Rio & Learn.

O Brasil é o quinto maior país do mundo.
Brazil is the fifth biggest country in the world.

Cássio é muito alto.
Cássio is very tall.

Formation: Simple and Compound nouns

Just like the common nouns, the simple nouns are used to name objects and animals. We use only one word for that. Take a look:

Ela ganhou uma flor vermelha de presente.
She received a red flower as a gift.

Acho que hoje vamos ter chuva.
I think today there will be rain.

Nós vimos um mico na janela.
We saw a monkey at the window.

Larissa torceu o ontem.
Larissa twisted her foot yesterday.

However, the compound nouns need more than one word to name an object or an animal:

Todos os dias eu vejo um beija-flor.
Everyday I see a hummingbird.

Ele esqueceu o guarda-chuva.
He forgot the umbrella.

O mico-leão-dourado é um animal exótico no Brasil.
The mico-leão-dourado is a Brazilian exotic animal.

Você já comeu pé-de-moleque?
Have you eaten a pé-de-moleque?

Existence: Concrete and Abstract nouns

The concrete nouns are those that name concrete or real things. Things we can touch:

Aquela árvore é muito antiga.
That tree is very old.

Tem seis cadeiras na sala.
There are six chairs in the room.

O computador que ele comprou é muito bom.
The computer he bought is quite good.

Minha cama é grande e confortável.
My bed is big and comfortable.

The abstract nouns are the ones that name things we cannot see or touch. We usually use them to refer to feelings. Let’s see:

Ele não para de falar mentiras.
He won’t stop telling lies.

Eu estou com fome. Vamos almoçar?
I am hungry. Shall we have lunch?

A felicidade está numa caixa de bombom.
Happiness is in a box of chocolate.

Hoje faz muito calor.
Today is really hot.

Alright, buddies?
Now we know more about nouns in Portuguese. And remember, in case you have doubts talk to us on our Twitter.

A big kiss for you all!
See you on our next Dica.

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Click on the links below to see more related Dicas
Genders in Portuguese
Indefinite articles in Portuguese
Common Adverbs in Portuguese
Portuguese Prepositions

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