Oxum Day

Oxum en Brasil: O dia de oxum me deixa tão feliz!

December 8th is a very important day in Brazil for followers of African-based religions Umbanda and Candomblé. It is the day of Oxum (also known as Oshun), one of the important entities of these religions. Today we are going to learn more about these African religions and beliefs which are so significant in Brazil. And if you want to learn more about religion in Brazil, we have the Dica just for you.

Who is she?

Oxum is one of the most famous and worshiped deities in the African religions, along with Iemanjá. She is the goddess of divinity, femininity, fertility, beauty and love. She is also known as the deity that represents the rivers, and that is why the Osun River, in Nigeria, is named after her. This deity also had an important role in the creation of humanity. Olodumare (God) sent 17 orixas (deities) to Earth to being life. Oxum was the only woman among those 17. The others, all male, tried to revive and give life to the Earth, just as Olodumare had instructed, but didn’t manage to do so. So, they asked for Oxum’s assistance, and she agreed to help them. Using her powers, represented mostly by the water, she brought life back to Earth and humanity and other species into existence.

Oxum is very important, especially for women in these religions. As she represents fertility, many women ask Oxum to help them get pregnant, even when they are infertile. They also look for her when there is drought, as it controls the fresh water that helps to fertilize the fields.

Oxum Day Celebrations

Now that we know who Oxum is, let’s talk about how the African-based religions, Umbanda and Candomblé, celebrate the Day of Oxum. Not only in Rio de Janeiro, but also in several other cities in Brazil, the faithful get together to celebrate Oxum Day through meetings in the terreiros. Terreiros are the places that people gather to worship in these religions, and would be the equivalent of a church. There they pray, sing, play instruments and worship Oxum. There is also the preparation of offerings, which are then taken to places near waterfalls. These offerings consist of white or blue candles, flowers and fruits, which are very pleasing to Oxum. If you go to a terreiro on Oxum’s Day, you can say hi to people by using Oxum’s salutation: “Ora iê iê ô”.

Oxum’s Pray

Despite not being considered a holiday in itself, the day of Oshun is very important for people of this faith. Here we have selected one of the many prayers for Oxum, so that you can see how prayers for her are made:

“Senhora da beleza e fertilidade, cobre meus caminhos com beleza e amor, tornando minha vida mais fértil em todas as áreas. Não permitas que eu chore mais por amor, abençoa meu coração! Trazei suas bênçãos para minha vida, atenda meus pedidos (faça seu pedido aqui) para que eu encontre a beleza, a harmonia e a riqueza que somente a Senhora das Cachoeiras dá a seus filhos.”

“Lady of beauty and fertility, cover my paths with beauty and love, making my life more fertile in all areas. Don’t let me cry anymore for love, bless my heart! Bring your blessings into my life, answer my requests (place your request here) so that I find the beauty, harmony and richness that only the Lady of Waterfalls gives to her children.”

Oxum Day Ritual

Most people do some sort of ritual on the day of their orixa. We have selected one of Oxum’s rituals so you can do it at home on December 8th to celebrate this incredible deity, and share the faith of Brazilian people! Take a look at what you are going to need:

  • Calendula or petals of a yellow rose
  • Chamomile
  • Rosemary

This is known as Oxum’s Bath. You must boil 1 liter of water, and then add the rosemary and chamomile. Take off the heat and add the calendula or the yellow petals and cover the infusion with a plate. After 5 minutes, you can pick up this solution and take to your bath with you. After cleaning yourself, throw it from the neck down. Many people say they feel great after it!

What about you? Do you often celebrate religious festivities? Tell us in the comments what is your favorite religious holiday! And if you want to get to know more about Brazil, and its culture, you can always study portuguese with us!

Ora iê iê ô!

Rio & Learn.

Click on the links below to see more related Dicas:
Brazil and Religion
Spiritism in Brazil
Candomblé in Brazil
Iemanjá

This post is also available in: English Español (Spanish)

2 Responses

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Search for Portuguese Dicas

Tell us which Portuguese lesson you would like to learn

 

Generic selectors
Exact matches only
Search in title
Search in content
Post Type Selectors

Suscribe to A Dica do Dia.

Get free Portuguese lessons. Subscribe to A Dica do Dia and get short, daily lessons in Portuguese completely free.

EXCELLENT rating
Based on 321 reviews
I’ve just started online classes with Prof. Ana Carolina & she is the absolute best! It’s my first time learning Portuguese and I was speaking full sentences in the first class. Obrigada!
Katie Andrews
Katie Andrews
2023-12-14
Small classes, diverse accents, and engaging professors make Rio & Learn Online a fantastic choice! I've been thrilled with my experience at Rio & Learn Online so far. The small class sizes (around 1-3 others students) allow for personalized attention and plenty of opportunities to practice speaking. What's more, having different professors throughout the program exposes you to various accents, preparing you for real-world interactions. I opted for the full-time program, which involves 2 hours of daily learning from Monday to Friday. After just over 12 weeks, I can confidently say my Portuguese has improved dramatically. The professors are incredibly engaging and encourage students to utilize real-life examples, solidifying the learning process. While I'm only halfway through the program, I'm confident in recommending Rio & Learn Online to anyone seeking to learn Portuguese in a supportive and effective environment. I've gone from being a complete beginner (only knowing hi and bye) to holding conversations - and I'm excited to see how much further I can progress! I'll be back with another review after completing the program, but for now: Rio & Learn Online - highly recommended!
Mona Hinamanu
Mona Hinamanu
2023-12-12
I have been taking Portuguese classes with Rio and Learn for a few months. I appreciate their methodology. It is enjoyable and I am challenged and improving every day!
Bryan Beaver
Bryan Beaver
2023-12-12
My teachers Lucas, Ana Paula and Paulo were all excellent as well as very friendly and funny. It was a really enjoyable experience and I met loads of interesting new people.
David Smith
David Smith
2023-12-11
Rio & Learn e um novo jeito de ensinar a lingua portuguesa. Puro prazer e muito eficiente. Quanto mais alunos na aula mais vida. Eu aconselho voces escolher as aulas grupais por porque sao interativas: rir, falar, argumentar, compartir uma lingua!
Dominique Jacquin
Dominique Jacquin
2023-12-06
Après 3 semaines que je suis dans cette école et je peux déjà parler portugais. Certe avec des erreurs mais j'ai fait des progrès fulgurant. En plus, du Lundi au Vendredi l'ecole propose des activitées qu'il appelle "Rio Live" ce qui permet de visiter en même temps Rio tout en parlant Portugais et de rencontrer des gens😃 Toute l'équipe est genial et est prêts à aider si besoin 😁
YOAN REMIA
YOAN REMIA
2023-12-05
I've been taking the group online courses with Rio&Learn for 2 months. They offer a fantastic way to learn Portuguese and get speaking practice if you don't live in Brazil. The teachers are engaging and are able to adjust their level of Portuguese to whatever level you are at. Obrigado!
Jake H
Jake H
2023-12-04
C'est vraiment fantastique...RioAndLearn. Les cours de portugais...ça vaut vraiment la peine. Les cours ont lieu du lundi au vendredi, (de 9h à 13h) et en après midi, ce sont des activités libres en groupe. (Soccer de plage, volleyball , excursions, visites des lieux touristiques, etc) Vendredi soir, on est allé à Lapa, un quartier nocturne de Rio. C'est quelque chose à voir! Des rues bondées de monde, des orchestres, des discothèques...Allô les décibels! L'apprentissage du portugais se fait en immersion, aussi bien en salle de classe que dans les activités extérieures organisées par Rio&Learn. On est plongé dans la langue portugaise et la culture Brésilienne.... Obligé de parler portugais....🫡 Je le recommande. Pierre Pedro, Montréal, Canada
M54 “M5454” 54
M54 “M5454” 54
2023-12-03