Portuguese Contractions

6 de June de 2018

Salve, my friends! How are you? Can you use any of the Portuguese Contractions? We will learn them on this Dica.

Portuguese Contractions

Most of the Portuguese contractions are done by the connection of prepositions, definite and indefinite articles. These prepositions are : em, de, para, por, a. Let’s see how they are formed.

Contractions with Em

The preposition em can be contracted with the definite articles o, a, os, as and also theย indefinite articles um, uma, uns, umas. The contractions are according to masculine and feminine nouns, singular and plural too. Let’s see it:

[one_third]Em + o = no
Em + a = na
Em + os = nos
Em + as = nas[/one_third][one_third_last]Em + um = num
Em + uma = numa
Em + uns = nuns
Em + umas = numas[/one_third_last]

Let’s see some examples:

Examples

Paula estรก morando nosย Estados Unidos.
Paula is living inย the United States.

Eu estou na praia agora.
I am on the beach now.

Nรณs moramos num apartamento pequeno.
We live in a small apartament.

Vocรช jรก esteve numa festa a fantasia?
Have you ever been to a costume party?

Contractions with De

The preposition De can be contracted only with definite articles. Let’s see it:

De + o = do
De + a = da
De + os = dos
De + as + das

Let’s see more examples:

Examples

Vasco da Gama รฉ um time de futebol do Rio de Janeiro.
Vasco da Gama is a football team from Rio de Janeiro.

Eu gosto da caipirinha brasileira.
I like the Brazilian caipirinha.

Los Angeles รฉ uma cidade dos Estados Unidos.
Los Angeles is a city from the United States.

A casa das minhas amigas รฉ muito grande.
My friends’ house is very big.

Contractions with Para

The preposition para can be contracted with definite and indefinite articles:

[one_third]Para + o = pro
Para + a = pra
Para + os = pros
Para + as = pras[/one_third][one_third_last]Para + um = prum
Para + uma = pruma
Para + uns = pruns
Para + umas = prumas[/one_third_last]

Let’s see more examples using them:

Examples

Nรณs vamos pra praia depois da aula.
We are going to the beach after class.

Ela deu isso pro Carlos.
She gave it to Carlos.

Eu acho que vou prum paรญs na รsia.
I think I will go to a country in Asia.

Vocรช vai pruma festa hoje?
Are you going to a party today?

Contractions with Por

The preposition por is contracted only with definite articles. Check this out:

Por + o = pelo
Por + a = pela
Por + os = pelos
Por + as = pelas

Let’s see some examples now:

Examples

Vamos viajar pelo Brasil depois de estudar na Rio & Learn.
We will travel around Brazil after studying at Rio & Learn.

Sempre vejo as notรญcias pela internet.
I always see the news through the internet.

Vocรชs vรฃo passar pelas lojas para comparar preรงos?
Are you going to pass by the stores to compare prices?

Eles fazem tudo pelos seus amigos.
They do anything for their friends.

You can see more of these two prepositions on the Dica Para vs Por.

Contractions with A

And we can also contract the preposition A only with definite articles:

A + o = o
A + a = ร 
A + os = aos
A + as = ร s

Let’s see some sentences using them:

Examples

Eu vou ร  feira depois almoรงo.
I am going to theย fruit market after lunch.

Ele nunca vem ร s aulas pontualmente.
He never comes to classes punctually.

Nรณs nรฃo vamos ao cinema amanhรฃ.
We won’t go to the movies tomorrow.

Pare de falar e vรก direto aos fatos!
Stop talking and go sthraight to the point!

Alright guys? Here we studied some very important Portuguese contractions. You can see more of this subscribing at A Dica do Dia for more lessons. Follow us also onย Twitter for more information about the school.

Bye, bye!
Hugs from Rio de Janeiro!

Ler esta Dica em Portuguรชsย  ย  ย  ย  ย  ย Leer esta Dica en Espaรฑol
Click here to see more related Dicas
Definite Articles in Portuguese

Indefinite Articles in Portuguese
Portuguese Prepositions
Portuguese Para vs Pra