Portuguese IR Verbs

Ejemplo con los verbos terminado en IR en Portugués: Eles se dividiram em grupos para jogar beach volley.

Hello, friends! How are you? Today we will talk to you about Portuguese IR Verbs  in the present, past and future tenses. Come with us!

Learning the Portuguese IR Verbs 

Let’s start our lessons using the verb abrir as an example. It’s a regular verbs and it has fixed rules. Take a look at the chart below!

Present Simple 

The regular Portuguese IR Verbs will have the same rule as the regular verbs ending in ER for the first, second and third person (that is: the singular ones). Let’s see the verb comer (to eat)  for example:

Eu Como
Você Come
Ele/ela Come

Now compare with the conjugation below:

Verbs ending in Ir in Portuguese. Conjugation of abrir in the present tense: Eu abro, você abre, ele abre, nós abrimos, vocês abrem, eles abrem.

So, to conjugate these verbs you just have to separate the part of the verb that doesn’t change and then add o/e/e respectively to the first three singular persons. But what about the plural?

The plural of vocês and eles/elas will also follow the same pattern with IR verbs and ER verbs in the present. You just have to add -em. Compare these conjugations of the ER verb comer  to the conjugations above:

Vocês Comem
Eles/elas Comem

Okay, and what do we do with the conjugation of nós (we)?  We separate the radical of the verb (the part that doesn’t change) and we will add the traditional termination of nós: -mos. But before we do that, we have to add a vowel. To the Portuguese IR verbs this vowel will be an i and for the ER verbs, for example, it’ll be an e. Take a look:

Nós comemos (We eat) x Nós abrimos (We open)

You’ll be able to follow these tips with all IR Regular verbs in the present form.

Examples

Eu abro a porta.
I open the door.

Você assiste séries todos os dias.
You watch tv shows every day.

Nós sempre dividimos a conta.
We always share the bill.

Elas discutem com muita frequência.
They argue often.

Past Simple

To learn the simple past, it’s a good ideia to compare it once again to the ER verbs in the past. We can use the same rules and patterns, but instead of the e that you’ll see in the termination of ER verbs, we will use an i. Compare the conjugation of the verb comer with the conjugation below:

Eu Comi
Você Comeu
Ele/Ela Comeu
Nós Comemos
Vocês Comeram
Eles/elas Comeram

Verbs ending in Ir in Portuguese. Verbs ending in Ir in Portuguese. Conjugation of abrir in the past tense: Eu abri, você abriu, ele abriu, nós abrimos, vocês abriram, eles abriram.

You just have to identify the part of the verb that doesn’t change and then add these terminations. You’ve probably noticed that the first person (eu) already had an i.  In this case, nothing will change because we already have the letter we needed, you just have to use the radical of the verb you need, of course.

Examples

Ela partiu o bolo para todos os convidados.
She cut the cake for all the guests.

Eu comi muito ontem à noite.
I ate a lot last night.

Eu e Ana imprimimos a apresentação.
Ana and I printed the presentation.

Eles cumpriram tudo o que prometeram.
They kept everything they promised.

Future Simple

This one is very easy and follows the same pattern as all of the regular verbs in all the different conjugations. To put a regular verb into the future form, you just have to take the infinitive form and add the terminations you see below.

Verbs ending in Ir in Portuguese. Verbs ending in Ir in Portuguese. Conjugation of abrir in the future tense: Eu abrirei, você abrirá, ele abrirá, nós abriremos, vocês abrirão, eles abrirão.

Examples

Ela decidirá se quer viajar com o marido ou não.
She will decide whether she wants to travel with her husband or not.

Eu insistirei para você ir comigo.
I will insist that you go with me.

Nós abriremos uma nova empresa mês que vem.
We will open a new company next month.

Jorge e Lúcia invadirão a festa da escola.
Jorge e Lúcia will crash the school party.

Comparing the tenses of Portuguese IR Verbs

Now it’s time to see a complete table with all the conjugations of the verb assistir (to watch).

Indicative

Present Past Simple Imperfect Past
Eu assisto Eu assisti Eu assistia
Você assiste Você assistiu Você assistia
Ele/ ela assiste Ele/ ela assistiu Ele/ ela assistia
Nós assistimos Nós assistimos Nós assistíamos
Vocês assistem Vocês assistiram Vocês assistiam
Eles/ elas assistem Eles/ elas assistiram Eles/ elas assistiam

 

Past pluperfect simple Past pluperfect composed
Eu assistira Eu tinha assistido
Você assistira Você tinha assistido
Ele/ ela assistira Ele/ ela tinha assistido
Nós assistíramos Nós tínhamos assistido
Vocês assistiram Vocês tinham assistido
Eles/ elas assistiram Eles/ elas tinham assistido

 

Simple Future Immediate Future Future of the past
Eu assistirei Eu vou assistir Eu assistiria
Você assistirá Você vai assistir Você assistiria
Ele/ ela assistirá Ele/ ela vai assistir Ele/ ela assistiria
Nós assistiremos Nós vamos assistir Nós assistiríamos
Vocês assistirão Vocês vão assistir Vocês assistiriam
Eles/ elas assistirão Eles/ elas vão assistir Eles/ elas assistiriam

 

Imperative

Affirmative Negative
Assiste você Não assiste você
Assista ele/ ela Não assista ele/ ela
Assistamos nós Não assistamos nós
Assistam vocês Não assistam vocês
Assistam eles/ elas Não assistam eles/ elas

Subjunctive

Present Imperfect Past Future
Que eu assista Se eu assistisse Quando eu assistir
Que você assista Se você assistisse Quando você assistir
Que ele/ela assista Se ele/ela assistisse Quando ele/ela assistir
Que nós assistamos Se nós assistíssemos Quando nós assistirmos
Que vocês assistam Se vocês assistissem Quando vocês assistirem
Que eles/elas assistam Se eles/elas assistissem Quando eles assistirem

 

Other tenses

Personal infinitive Gerund Participle
Para assistir eu Assistindo Assistido
Para assistir você
Para assistir ele/ela
Para assistirmos nós
Para assistirem vocês
Para assistirem eles/elas

If you have any doubts, have an online class with one of our teachers!

Exercise about Portuguese IR Verbs 

Conjugate the verbs correctly and complete the blank spaces:

  1. (abrir) Eu ____ a porta.
  2. (discutir) Nós _________ sobre a aula de ontem.
  3. (decidir) Na semana passada, eles ________ hoje o que vão fazer neste feriado.
  4. (permitir) O restaurante não _______ aos clientes de fumar.
  5. (proibir) Mais tarde, o pai ______ a filha de sair no sábado.
  6. (partir) O ônibus ______ às 8 horas de hoje. Agora já são 17h.
  7. (desistir) O atleta ______ da competição ontem à noite.
  8. (assistir) Ele sempre _____ filmes no cinema quando tem tempo.
  9. (servir) O garçom ______ a comida daqui a pouco.

That’s all for today, now you know all about verbs ending in IR in Portuguese. We hope you’ve enjoyed one more Portuguese online lesson!

Until the next one! If you miss us, talk to us on our Facebook!

Kisses from Rio de Janeiro.

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Click in the links below to see more related Dicas

Portuguese AR Verbs
Verbs ending in -ar in the Past
Verbs ending in -AIR in Portuguese
Portuguese Verbs ending in ER

Exercise about Portuguese IR Verbs : answers

1. Abro 
2. Discutimos
3. Decidiram
4. Permite
5. Proibirá
6. Partiu
7. Desistiu
8. Assiste
9. Servirá

This post is also available in: English Português (Portuguese) Español (Spanish)

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