Portuguese Past Tense

Hello galera! Ready for another Portuguese class?
Today in our super Dica do Dia, we will talk about the conjugation of the Portuguese Past Tense!

The Portuguese Past Tense is used to talk about a fact that occurred and was completed in a fixed period in the past. First of all, let’s learn the rule to conjugate the regular verbs of each ending in Portuguese.

For each ending we will see the conjugation and some examples of the Portuguese Past Tense. Ready?

Regular Verbs in Portuguese Past Tense

Verbs ending in -AR

Portuguese Past Tense. Conjugation of verbs ending in AR: Eu falei, você falou, ele falou, nos falamos, vocês falaram, eles falaram.

Os alunos acabaram de comer e foram para a praia.
The students finished eating and went to the beach.

Nós jogamos futebol de praia na semana passada.
We played beach soccer last week.

Ela limpou toda a casa antes de dar a festa.
She cleaned the whole house before having the party.

You can find more examples in our Dica about verbs ending in AR in the past.

Verbs ending in -ER

Portuguese Past Tense. Conjugação dos verbos em ER: Eu bebi, você bebeu, ele bebeu, nós bebemos, vocês beberam, eles beberam.

Eles comeram tudo que estavam em cima da mesa.
They ate everything that was on the table.

Ela bebeu muitas caipirinhas no último Carnaval.
She drank many caipirinhas at the last Carnival.

Nós perdemos a corrida de carros.
We lost the car race.

You can find more examples in our Dica about verbs in ER in the simple past.

 

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Verbs ending in -IR

Portuguese Past Tense. Pretérito Perfeito em Português. Conjugação dos verbos em IR: Eu dormi, você dormiu, ele dormiu, nós dormimos, vocês dormiram, eles dormiram.

A professora pediu que eles fizessem o dever de casa.
The teacher asked them to do their homework.

Eles decidiram ir para a festa da família.
They decided to go to the family party.

Vocês ouviram uma música no rádio ontem.
You all heard a song on the radio yesterday.

Verbs ending in -AIR

Portuguese Past Tense. Perfeito dos verbos terminados em AIR: Eu sai, você saiu, ele saiu, nós saímos, vocês saíram, eles saíram.

O menino caiu dentro do rio.
The boy fell into the river.

Elas saíram muitas vezes durante a viagem.
They went out many times during the trip.

Você se distraiu durante o exercício na escola.
You got distracted during the exercise at school.

Verbs ending in -GAR and -CAR

When we study verbs that end with -gar and -car we can observe that some changes happen. The correct termination to the first person is –guei and –quei. Take a look at the conjugation of the verb chegar and marcar:

Portuguese Past Tense. verbos em gar. eu cheguei, você chegou, ele/ela chegou, nós chegamos, vocês chegaram, eles chegaram.

Portuguese Past Tense. Verbo marcar. Eu marquei, você marcou, ele/ela marcou, nós marcamos, vocês marcaram, eles marcaram.

Examples

Eu marquei nosso encontro, mas você não veio.
I marked our meeting but you didn’t show up.

Quando você saiu, eu cheguei.
When you left, I arrived.

Irregular Verbs in Portuguese Past Tense

As you probably know, we have a lot of irregular verbs in Portuguese. Let’s see how we conjugate some of them in the Simple Past In Portuguese:

Eu estive I was
Você esteve You were
Ele/ela esteve He was
Nós estivemos We were
Vocês estiveram You were
Eles estiveram They were

 

Eu fiz I did
Você fez You did
Ele/ela fez He did
Nós fizemos We did
Vocês fizeram You did
Eles fizeram They did
Eu saí I left
Você saiu You left
Ele/ela saiu He left
Nós saímos We left
Vocês saíram You left
Eles saíram They left

Here’s a list of other irregular verbs:

Read our Dica about irregular verbs to understand better.

Examples with irregular verbs Portuguese Past tense

Eu estive em NY no último verão.
I was in NY last summer. 

Ele fez como eu disse a ele.
He did as I told him.

Joaquina saiu cedo hoje.
Joaquina left early today.

Meu carro não coube ali.
My car didn’t fit there.

Eles tentaram me fazer ir para a reabilitação, eu disse não.
They tried to make me go to rehab, I said no.

Eu li todos os livros da Clarice Lispector.
I read all Clarice Lispector’s books.

Maxime pôde aprender Português em 30 dias.
Maxime was able to learn Portuguese in 30 days.

Nós pusemos nossas bolsas na mesa.
We put our bags on the table.

Em você encontrei tudo que eu sempre quis.
I found in you what I always wanted.

Eu sempre soube que você era um problema.
I always knew that you were trouble.

Eles tiveram que cancelar a reunião.
They had to call off the meeting.

Nós trouxemos chocolate para você.
We brought chocolate for you.

Eu o vi ontem.
I saw him yesterday.

Now it’s your turn!

Now that we’ve learned the simple past in Portuguese it’s time to practice! So, answer the questions:

O que vocês fizeram no verão passado?
Você já visitou o Rio de Janeiro? Quando?
O que seu melhor amigo fez ontem?
Que horas você saiu de casa na sexta-feira?
Se você vier ao Brasil, onde você vai estudar Português?
O que você trouxe para aula ontem?
Que horas você saiu de casa hoje?

See you on our next Dica do Dia! Also, come see what we did in the past on our Instagram.
Hugs from Rio & Learn!

 width=Ler esta Dica em Português              Leer esta Dica en Español
Click on the links below to see more related Dicas
Verbs ending in AR in the past
Simple Past of Ser and Ir in Portuguese
Verbs in ER in the simple past
To see at Simple Past
Past form of the Verb Dizer
Perfeito and Imperfeito
Past Perfect and Imperfect in Portuguese

 

 

This post is also available in: English Português (Portuguese) Español (Spanish)

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