Portuguese Personal Pronouns

Ejemplo para Pronombres personales en portugués.

Are you ready to learn more Portuguese? Then you’re certainly at to the right place! What could be better than learning from us – a specialized Portuguese language school? Hold on a second – why are those words in bold? Oh, right! That’s because in today’s Dica we’ll discuss Portuguese personal pronouns. Do you know the difference between object and subject pronouns in Portuguese? And what even are the personal pronouns in Portuguese? Let’s find out!

Subject Pronouns in Portuguese

students playing uno. example of subject pronouns. os alunos jogaram uno. eles jogaram uno.

First things first, we’ll start with the subject pronouns. They’re the first set of Portuguese personal pronouns you’ll have to know. They’re arguably the most important, too – especially since Brazilians are too lazy to remember to use the other types of subject pronouns in Portuguese. We use personal pronouns in Portuguese in place of nouns – usually proper nouns like the name of a person, although ele/ela can be used to talk about objects as well. Listen to one of our native Portuguese teachers pronouncing them:

EuI
VocêYou
Ele/elaShe / He / It
NósWe
VocêsYou (plural)
Eles/elasThey

There’s also a surprise subject pronoun we didn’t include here: tu. It’s not often used in Rio de Janeiro, though you’ll certainly hear it if you venture to the south of Brazil. You can learn more about tu and how it is used in this Dica.

Examples of Subject Pronouns

Let’s look at some examples using subject personal pronouns in Portuguese:

Olá, José. Onde você estuda?
Hi José. Where do you study?

Meu nome é Pablo. Eu sou de Campo Grande.
My name is Pablo. I am from Campo Grande.

Você sabe onde o Mark estuda? Ele estuda português na Rio & Learn.
Do you know where Mark studies? He studies Portuguese at Rio & Learn.

Lorena e eu moramos em Copacabana. Nós dividimos um apartamento.
Lorena and I live in Copacabana. We share an apartment.

Paulo e João, onde vocês moram?
Paulo and João, where do you live?

Marcos, Luana e Laura não têm planos. Eles vão ficar em casa.
Marcos, Luana and Laura don’t have plans. They will stay home.

Onde os estudantes estão? Eles estão na escola de samba.
Where are the studentsThey are at the samba school.

Reflexive Personal Pronouns in Portuguese

students having fun at salgueiro. example of reflexive pronouns. eles divertem-se no salgueiro (formal). eles se divertem no salgueiro (informal).

We’re lucky that there aren’t many reflexive pronouns we need to worry about in Portuguese. But what are they exactly? Reflexive pronouns are simply pronouns we use to indicate that you did an action to yourself. Easy enough, right? In general, this means we’ll be needing a reflexive verb to help us out as well. Take a look at the reflexive pronouns in Portuguese:

memyself
se (singular)yourself / himself / herself
nosourselves / each other
se (plural)yourselves / themselves / each other

Here’s a little tip: putting the reflexive pronouns after the verb makes you sound formal and, honestly, a bit weird. Put it before the verb! If you want to know more about reflexive pronouns in Portuguese, you can read this Dica.

Examples of Reflexive Pronouns

Meu namorado nunca se penteia.
My boyfriend never combs his hair.

Eu me machuquei quando eu caí naquela pedra ali.
I hurt myself when I fell on that rock over there.

Nós nos esquecemos de fazer o dever de casa.
We forgot to do the homework.

Eles se conheceram no curso de português.
They met each other on a Portuguese course.

Ela se vestiu pela manhã.
She dressed herself in the morning.

Prepositional Pronouns in Portuguese

students watching world cup games together. example of prepositional pronouns. eles saíram com você para ver o jogo do brasil. eles saíram contigo para ver o jogo do brasil

These ones are easy! And we even saw an example of one at the beginning! Prepositional pronouns are the Portuguese personal pronouns that we use in combination with prepositions. In fact, a lot of them stay the same and don’t vary from their subject pronoun form at all. Others, however, will vary when faced with the preposition com (with). Check it out:

regularwith the preposition comtranslations
mimcomigo(with) me
você / tu / ticonsigo / contigo(with) you
ele / elacom ele / ela(with) him / her
nós / a genteconosco / com a gente(with) us
vocêscom vocês(with) you
eles / elascom eles / elas(with) them

Apart from the first person singular (eumim), all other prepositional pronouns are the same as the subject pronouns. There are some contractions you should be aware of though! You can find them here in the section about prepositional pronouns.

Examples of Prepositional Personal Pronouns

Eu não sei se confio nela.
I don’t know if I trust her.

Vem conosco para a festa! Vai ser muito divertido!
Come with us to the party! It’ll be so much fun!

Ouvi dizer que o Miguel gosta de ti.
I heard that Miguel likes you.

Sabrina vai dedicar seu livro para mim.
Sabrina is going to dedicate her book to me.

Tudo é incrível quando estou contigo.
Everything is amazing when I’m with you.

Direct Object Pronouns in Portuguese

man checking out his phone. example of object pronouns. alguém mandou um SMS para mim. alguém me mandou um SMS.

Their name may sound complicated but let me tell you: direct object pronouns in Portuguese are quite simple. They are used to replace the object in a sentence. To be more precise, they replace the direct object – objects that require no preposition to link them to the verb. These are the direct object pronouns:

meme
o, a, lo, la, teyou
o, a, lo, lahim / her / it
nos, a genteus
os, as, los, lasyou
os, as, los, lasthem

Brazilians rarely use object pronouns when speaking. Those are usually reserved for formal writing – and let’s keep formal in mind, shall we? That means that usually you won’t hear nor see much about these direct object pronouns with the exception of me and te. You can read more about them here. Well, what do you use instead, then? Can you really just forget all about grammar? Kind of. Despite it being technically incorrect, most Brazilians would opt to use the subject personal pronouns in Portuguese.

Examples of Direct Object Pronouns

Eu te vi ontem na praia.
I saw you on the beach yesterday.

Eles me convidaram para uma festa.
They invited me to a party.

Ele a conheceu na RioLIVE! e agora são superamigos.
He met her at a RioLIVE! activity and now they’re great friends.

Eu disse que os amava antes de ir embora.
I told them I loved them before I left.

Eles te disseram isso? Que mentira!
Did they tell you that? What a lie!

Indirect Object Pronouns in Portuguese

teacher explaining to student something in portuguese. example of object pronouns. o professor mostrou os exercícios para o aluno. o professor lhe mostrou os exercícios.

If you understood the direct object pronouns, these new pronouns will be no surprise. The only difference between them is that these replace indirect objects. In other words, indirect object pronouns replace any object in a sentence that need a preposition to link it to the verb.

me = para mimme = to/for me
lhe = te = para vocêyou = to/for you
lhe = para ele/para elahim/her = to/for him/her
nos = para nósus = to/for us
lhes = para vocêsyou = to/for you
lhes = para eles/para elasthem = to/for them

As you can see, they overlap with prepositional pronouns, which, you can even use instead of indirect object pronouns. You’ll sound more natural, actually! This is because, once again, Brazilians just don’t use indirect object pronouns when speaking. So, you’ll only see them in formal writing. Most of the time, you’ll have to deal with prepositional pronouns instead.

Examples with Indirect Object Pronouns

Meu tio lhe deu uma boneca de presente de Natal.
My uncle gave you/him/her a doll as a Christmas gift.

Vocês nunca me fazem favores. Só eu que lhes ajudo!
You never do me any favors. I’m the only one who helps you.

Eles nos ajudaram muito durante o inverno.
They helped us a lot during the winter.

Meu tio me trouxe muitos presentes da sua viagem.
My uncle brought me many gifts from his trip.

O diretor lhe disse que haverá mudanças na empresa no ano que vem.
The director told him that there will be changes in the company next year.

Let’s Review it All!

Check out our complete table with all the personal pronouns below! Review them well before diving into our exercise!

table with all personal pronouns in portuguese, including subject pronouns, reflexive pronouns, object pronouns and subject pronouns in Portuguese

Exercise About Pronouns!

Complete the phrases below with the right pronoun in the brackets:

  1. Senhor, vou __________ aplicar uma multa. (lhe / o)
  2. Vou comprar aquela casa para __________. (me / mim)
  3. Ele não __________ sente bem. Está gripado. (se / me)
  4. O professor __________ deu o certificado. (nos / nós)
  5. Nós saímos juntos. Ele vai __________ mostrar a cidade. (me / se)
  6. Meus amigos foram à praia. Eu __________ vi ontem. (o / os)
  7. Joana e Luna são muito amigas. Nós __________ vimos conversando na Urca. (as / os)
  8. Maria é a recepcionista da empresa. Eu __________ ajudei hoje com alguns documentos. (a / lhes)
  9. Os alunos vieram até __________. (eu / mim)
  10. Há anos ele não ___________ move tão rápido! (lhe / se)
  11. Vai no teu próprio carro! Não __________ dou carona! (te / me)
  12. Eles __________ ajudaram muito durante o inverno. (mim / nos)
  13. Ele ___________ conheceu na RioLIVE! e agora são superamigos. (a / me)
  14. Muita gente veio __________ prestigiar. (nos / nós)
  15. O professor __________ deu o certificado. (mim / lhe)

That’s it everyone. We have just learned all we can about Portuguese personal pronouns. Did you understand the difference between all pronouns, including subject and object pronouns in Portuguese? If you have any doubts, please tell us down below in a comment!

See you all in the next Dica!

Click in the links below to see more related Dicas
Portuguese Pronouns
Possessive Pronouns in Portuguese
Reflexive Pronouns in Portuguese

Portuguese Object Pronouns

Answers

  1. Senhor, vou lhe aplicar uma multa.
  2. Vou comprar aquela casa para mim.
  3. Ele não se sente bem. Está gripado.
  4. O professor nos deu o certificado.
  5. Nós saímos juntos. Ele vai me mostrar a cidade.
  6. Meus amigos foram à praia. Eu os vi ontem.
  7. Joana e Luna são muito amigas. Nós as vimos conversando na Urca.
  8. Maria é a recepcionista da empresa. Eu a ajudei hoje com alguns documentos.
  9. Os alunos vieram até mim.
  10. Há anos ele não se move tão rápido!
  11. Vai no teu próprio carro! Não te dou carona!
  12. Eles nos ajudaram muito durante o inverno.
  13. Ele a conheceu na RioLIVE! e agora são superamigos.
  14. Muita gente veio nos prestigiar.
  15. O professor lhe deu o certificado.

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