Portuguese Pronouns. Eles estão se divertindo

Hello people! Today we are going to learn all about Portuguese pronouns.
These words are usually used to avoid repetition or to replace a noun. We have 6 types of pronouns in Portuguese:

  • personal
  • possessive
  • demonstrative
  • relative
  • interrogative
  • indefinite.

Therefore, let’s study them one by one.

Personal Portuguese Pronouns

In Portuguese, we have several types of personal pronouns. Seems a lot? Don’t worry, you’ll get it! The personal pronouns can be subject, reflexive, prepositional, direct or indirect object pronouns.

Subject Pronouns

Eu I
Você = tu you
Ele/ela he/she/it
Nós =  a gente we
Vocês you
Eles they

When you are talking to someone and you want to show respect or be more formal (for example with an older person) you can use another personal pronoun: senhor (masculine form) and senhora (feminine form).
As you can see we have two pronouns for the same person: você and tu. To learn more about them, see our Dica about Tu and Você
We also have two pronouns nós and a gente. Nós is formal and a gente is more informal. Important: When using nós the following verb must be in the plural and when using a gente the following verb must be in the singular form.

Examples with subject pronouns:

A gente quer aprender Português no Rio.
We want to learn Portuguese in Rio.

O senhor quer um copo de água?
Do you want a glass of water?

Reflexive Pronouns

In Portuguese we have reflexive verbs that are used with reflexive pronouns. A verb is reflexive when the action refers to the subject that does the action.

Me myself
Se (singular) yourself/himself/herself
Nos ourselves/each other
Se (plural) yourselves/themselves/each other

When using a reflexive pronoun, it’s better to put it before the verb. If you use the reflexive pronoun after the verb it is more formal.

Examples with reflexive pronouns:

Hoje eu me diverti muito na aula.
Today I had a lot of fun in the class.

Nós nos conhecemos no Rio.
We met each other in Rio.

Prepositional Pronouns

Prepositional pronouns are pronouns that are used with prepositions. Notice that si and consigo are more used in the written form, in other words, they are more formal.

mim/comigo me/with me
você/si/consigo = tu/ti/contigo you/with you
com ele/ela him/her
com nós/conosco us/with us
com vocês you
com eles/elas them

Examples with Prepositional Pronouns

Tudo bem contigo?
Everything is fine with you?

Você quer ir na festa comigo?
Do you want to go to the party with me?

Direct Object Pronouns 

The direct object pronouns are usually used to avoid repetition or to replace the direct object of the sentence. In Brazilian Portuguese these pronouns are more used in the written form. They are direct objects because they don’t need a preposition. Important: los and las are used after infinitive form. Also, there are two more direct object pronouns no(s) and na(s)but are rarely used.

me me
o,a,lo,la = te you
o,a,lo,la him/her/it
nos = a gente us
os,as,los,las you
os,as,los,las them

Examples with Direct Object Pronouns 

Eu o vi ontem na rua.
I saw him yesterday on the street.

Foi um prazer conhecê-lo.
It was a pleasure to meet you.

Indirect Object Pronouns

Just like the direct object pronouns, these pronouns are used to avoid repetition or to replace a indirect object. In this case, they are indirect because they need a preposition.

me = para mim me – to/for me
lhe = te = para você you – to/for you
lhe = para ele/para ela him – to/for him/her
nos = para nós us – to/for us
lhes = para vocês you – to/for you
lhes = para eles/para elas them – to/for them

Examples with Indirect Object Pronouns

Ele pode te fazer um favor?
Can he do you a favor?

Elas me deram o recado.
They gave me the message. 

Possessive Pronouns

Possessive pronouns in Portuguese are used to show that someone owns something. They can be either feminine or masculine, singular or plural.

meu(s)/minha(s) mine
seu(s)/sua(s) = teu(s)/tua(s) yours
dele = seu(s)/ dela = sua(s) his/his/her/hers/its
da gente = nosso(s) our/ours
seu(s) = de vocês your/yours
dele(s) = seu(s) their/theirs

Examples with Possessive Pronouns

Qual é o seu nome?
What is your name?

Esta caneta é deles.
This pen is theirs.

Demonstrative Pronouns

Demonstrative pronouns in Portuguese are used to point out/ show something or someone specifically. They can be feminine, masculine or neutral. Important: the neutral form can never be used in the plural. Another important thing to remember: they can be contracted with the prepositions em and de. 

este/s esta/s isto this
esse/s essa/s isso this
aquele/s aquela/s aquilo that

O que foi aquilo, Diogo?
What was that, Diogo?

Esta garrafa aqui é minha.
This bottle here is mine.

To learn more about it and all its forms and prepositions read our Dica about Demonstrative Pronouns.

Relative Pronouns 

The relative pronouns in Portuguese are used to refer back to an earlier noun or pronoun. Now, pay attention: que (which) is the most used, quem (whom) needs   a preposition and cujo/cuja is rarely used and is formal.

que o/a qual os/as quais which/that
onde no/na qual nos/nas quais where
de quem do/da qual dos/das quais of whom
cujo cujo/s cuja/s whose

Examples with Relative Pronouns

Onde está o celular dele?
Where is his phone?

Este é o livro que eu te falei.
This is the book that I told you about. 

Interrogative Pronouns

Here’s a list of interrogative Portuguese Pronouns and some adverbs often used to make questions.

como? how, what
que?, o que? what
de que?, em que?, para que? what about, what about, what for
por que? why
qual?, quais? what/which
quem? who/whom
com quem?, de quem?, em quem?, para quem? with whom, about whom, in whom, to whom
onde?, de onde?, para onde? where, from where, to where
quando? when
quanto(s)?, quanta(s)? how much, how many

De onde você é?
Where are you from?

Quando ela vai chegar?
When will she arrive?

Indefinite Pronouns in Portuguese

Indefinite pronouns in Portuguese are words used to refer to people or things that aren’t specific. An important difference: there are nouns that are countable in English, but uncountable in Portuguese.

alguém > ninguém somebody > nobody
algum(ns) > nenhum some/any > none (masculine form)
alguma(s) > nenhuma some/any > none (feminine form)
alguma coisa/algo > nada something/anything > nothing/anything
bastante a lot
cada (um/uma) every/each one
certo(s), certa(s) certain 
mais > menos more > less
muito/muita > pouco/pouca much > little
muitos/muitas > poucos/poucas many > few
qualquer, qualquer um/a any, any one/either one 
tanto/tanta so much
tantos/tantas so many
tal/tais such
todo/toda whole/entire
todos/todas every/all
tudo everything
uns/umas some/about
vários/várias several

Examples with Indefinite Portuguese Pronouns

Você conhece alguém que tenha feito o CELPE-Bras?
Do you know anyone who did the CELPE-Bras exam?

Eu sinto tanta saudade…
I miss you so much.

WOW!
We learned a lot today about Portuguese pronouns, right? Now you can improve your vocabulary with our Portuguese pronouns. So, come to our Facebook Page and comment in any picture something with the pronouns you have just learned.

 

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Click in the links below to see more related Dicas
Indefinite Pronouns in Portuguese
Portuguese Object Pronouns
Relative Pronouns in Portuguese
Portuguese Personal Pronouns
Possessive Pronouns

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