Portuguese Verb Conjugation

26 de July de 2018

Hey! We’ve already seen a lot about Portuguese Verb Conjugation, right? We should do a little recap just to make sure you’ve got them all! It’s always good to remind ourselves of the regular and irregular Portuguese verbs conjugation, right? Here you’ll see a Brazilian Portuguese verb list and a chart with verb endings for each of the tenses. Also, we have a special gift for you at the end! Take a look.

Portuguese Verb Conjugation is divided into three conjugations: First, Second and Third. But how do I know which is which? Stay here and you’ll learn!

Brazilian Portuguese Verb Conjugation

It’s really simple! It’s all about the last two letters in a verb. The verbs from different conjugation can be verified by just looking at the last two letters. All verbs in the infinitive form finish with a vowel followed by the consonant R. Regular verbs can be classified into the First Conjugation (ending in -AR), Second Conjugation (ending in -ER or -OR) and Third Conjugation (ending in -IR).

There are also some subcategories like verbs ending in -Air, for example. These verbs can be seen together as a new verb conjugation because their termination are the same.

Regular Verbs in Portuguese

When you see a Brazilian Portuguese verb conjugation chart most of the time you are looking to a Portuguese regular verb because their root  doesn’t change and the endings maintain a standard pattern when conjugated.

Let’s take a look at them!

First Conjugation (-AR) Second Conjugation (-ER/-OR) Third Conjugation (-IR)
Morar (To live) Comer (To eat) Discutir (To discuss, to argue)
Falar (To speak, to say) Dever (To be in debt, should) Assistir (To watch)
Começar (To start, to begin) Entender (To understand) Abrir (To open)
Comprar (To buy) Receber (To receive) Desistir (To give up)
Precisar (To need) Beber (To drink)
Deixar (To leave, to let) Viver (To live)
Usar (To use) Correr (To run)
Ficar (To stay, to be)
Tomar (To take)
Gostar (To like, to enjoy)
Cantar (To sing)
Estudar (To study)


How to conjugate Portuguese Regular Verbs

One thing we need to understand the verb conjugation in Portuguese is to learn the endings (or terminations) for regular verbs in each tense and person of speech, right? To make that clear for you, we prepared a Brazilian Portuguese conjugation chart with the verb endings. Take a look at the conjugation for all Portuguese verb tenses in the Indicative.

First Conjugation (-AR)

Present Past Simple Imperfect Past Pluperfect Future Simple Future of the Past
Eu -o -ei -ava -ara -arei -aria
Você -a -ou -ava -ara -ará -aria
Ele / Ela -a -ou -ava -ara -ará -aria
Nós -amos -amos -ávamos -áramos -aremos -aríamos
Vocês -am -aram -áveis -aram -arão -ariam
Eles / Elas -am -aram -avam -aram -arão -ariam


Second Conjugation (-ER/-OR)

Present Past Simple Imperfect Past Pluperfect Future Simple Future of the Past
Eu -o -i -ia -era -erei -eria
Você -e -eu -ia -era -erá -eria
Ele / Ela -e -eu -ia -era -erá -eria
Nós -emos -emos -íamos -êramos -eremos -eríamos
Vocês -em -eram -iam -eram -erão -eriam
Eles / Elas -em -eram -iam -eram -erão -eriam


Third Conjugation (-IR)

Present Past Simple Imperfect Past Pluperfect Future Simple Future of the Past
Eu -o -i -ia -ira -irei -iria
Você -e -iu -ia -ira -irá -iria
Ele / Ela -e -iu -ia -ira -irá -iria
Nós -imos -imos -íamos -íramos -iremos -íamos
Vocês -em -iram -iam -iram -irão -iriam
Eles / Elas -em -iram -iam -iram -irão -iriam

What do you think? Now it’s way easier to remember, right?

Irregular Verbs in Portuguese

But we won’t stop there! There’s another group of verbs to take a look at: The Irregular Verbs in Portuguese.

The Portuguese irregular verbs will have some variations of their root and their ending when conjugated. It’s necessary to pay attention to these verbs because you’ll have to memorize them! But don’t worry, you can count on Rio & Learn to practice them and make sure you know how to use them correctly.

How to conjugate Irregular Verbs

See here a list of some of the most used irregular verbs in Brazilian Portuguese and you can follow the link to a Dica that gives an explanation of with conjugation charts!

First Conjugation (-AR) Second Conjugation (-ER/-OR) Third Conjugation (-IR)
Dar (To give) Fazer (To do, make) Ouvir (To listen, hear)
Estar (To be) Ler (To read) Ir (To go)
Odiar (To hate) Trazer (To bring) Vir (To go)
Dizer (To say, talk) Construir (To build, construct)
Poder (To be able, can) Seguir (To follow)
Querer (To want) Subir (To climb, rise)
Ter (To have, possess) Cobrir (To cover)
Ser (To be) Vestir (To wear)
Ver (To see, watch) Mentir (To lie)
Saber (to know) Pedir (To ask)
Caber (to fit) Sentir (To feel)
Haver (to exist, be) Dormir (To sleep)
Perder (To lose) Preferir (to prefer)
Pôr (to put)

Lots of verbs for you, guys!

Because we want to make the Portuguese conjugation more accessible to foreigners, we’ll give you exclusive material our school has made with love for our special students. Here you have a list of the most common Brazilian Portuguese verb conjugation charts.

To be able to use all these irregular verbs, you’ll need to practice a lot! What do you think about spending a fun afternoon learning Portuguese at the beautiful city of Rio de Janeiro? Take a look at our Immersion course where you spend full days learning with our Funlearning methodology.

Don’t forget to practice and stay tuned to our blog A Dica do Dia for more free Portuguese lessons!

XOXO ♥ ♥

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Click in the links below to see more related Dicas
Reflexive Verbs in Portuguese
Verbs Ending in -AR
Verbs Ending in -IR
Verbs Ending in -ER