What’s up, friends? Are you ok? Let’s learn Portuguese? Today we are going to learn about the preposition em with definite articles. We will check out the difference between masculine and feminine words, both in singular and plural forms. To better help in your learning, listen to the sounds available to perfect your pronunciation!
How to use the preposition EM with Definite Articles
The preposition EM (in, at) is used to talk about places, time and location. It’s is usually used with the verb estar in Portuguese, because we use it a lot to say where we are.
If you want to learn some more prepositions, you can take a look at this other Dica!
Before we look at EM preposition, we need to remember the articles that are used for masculine and feminine words. If the word after the preposition em is feminine, we’ll use the article a. If the word is masculine, we’ll use the article o. And if the word is in the plural form, we’ll use the definite articles as – for feminine plural words – and os – for masculine plural words. Let’s take a look:
Now, let’s see how this influences the variation of the preposition EM:
As seen above, if the word after em is masculine, we will use the prepositions no for singular, and nos for plural. But if the word is feminine, we will use the prepositions na and nas, for singular and plural, respectively.
Listen to the sounds below to learn how to pronounce each preposition correctly:
Em + O = No
Em + A = Na
Em + Os = Nos
Em + As = Nas
Now, check out some examples on how you can use the preposition em with definite articles:
Examples with the Preposition EM and Definite Articles
1 – Eu moro no Rio de Janeiro.
1 – I live in Rio de Janeiro.
2 – Você mora no Canadá?
2 – Do you live in Canada?
3 – Ele mora em São Paulo.
3 – He lives in São Paulo.
4 – Ela não mora na cidade. Ela mora no interior.
4 – She doesn’t live in the city. She lives in the countryside.
5 – Nós estamos na escola Rio & Learn, fazendo aulas de Português no Brasil.
5 – We are at Rio & Learn Portuguese School, having Portuguese classes in Brazil.
6 – Vocês estão na sala de aula?
6 – Are you in the classroom?
7 – Eles não estão em casa agora.
7 – They are not at home now.
8 – Elas estão na Espanha.
8 – They are in Spain.
9 – Eu estava na Holanda ano passado.
9 – I was in Holland last year.
10 – Ele almoçou na minha casa na semana passada.
10 – He had lunch at my house last week.
Now it’s your turn!
To see if you really understood, let’s practice a little bit! Take a look at the pictures below and tell us where are they using the preposition em + definite articles in Portuguese! The answers are at the bottom of the page:
Now, we know how to join the preposition EM with definite articles.
It’s very important to know these contractions, because when native Portuguese people speak they use them. Want to learn how native people really talk? Have Online Portuguese Classes with us and we’ll show you 😉 !
We can also use the preposition em with indefinite articles, check out this Dica to learn more!
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Hugs from Rio de Janeiro!
- Ela está no museu. / Ela está na exposição de arte.
- Eles estão na praia.
- Eles estão na cafeteria. / Eles estão na Confeitaria Colombo.
- Ela está na escola. / Ela está na sala de aula.
- Ele está no Sambódromo. / Ele está na Marquês de Sapucaí.
- Eles estão na Lapa. / Eles estão nos Arcos da Lapa.