Personal pronouns No and Na

Personal pronouns No and Na. Esses são estudantes da Rio & Learn. Os professores ajudam-nos a falar Português. Students learning from their Portuguese teacher.

What’s up, guys?
Well, today we are here talk about the fourth part of the personal pronouns, we have been studying them for a while, and these pronouns that we have here are just like the last ones we have seen. They change their position and they always come after a verb, never before.

We will see here that it didn’t change very much like the others. Check this out! Personal pronouns No and Na refer to a subject that has already been mentioned, which means they are contextualized. So, nothing new so far. In this case here, I have something new that is the following:

Personal pronouns No and Na. Você, Ele, Ela, No, Na. Vocês, Eles, Elas, Nos, Nas.

We can see that the spelling of the Personal pronouns No and Na also changed, so I am going a bit further here. In general, it comes after a verb ended in -M. Well, in general, in Portuguese, the verbs that end in -M, are verbs that are in the imperative form, in the third person of the plural of the imperative and also verbs that are in the past, in the third person of the plural. So, we are going to see here some examples to understand:

Example with -nas

– Eles viram as crianças na rua?
– Sim, eles viram-nas
– Did they see the children on the street?
– Yes, they saw them.

So, viram-nas, is at the third person of the plural on the past tense of the verb ver (To see), and -nas is in reference of the children. This M and this N, are used because of a sound agreement matter, since it is a nasal sound: M and N. Otherwise it would be viram-as, and it wouldn’t sound very good. So, viram-nas.

Examples with -no and -na

– Os estudantes abrem o caderno?
– Sim, os estudantes abrem-no
– Do the students open the notebook?
– Yes the students open it.

– As crianças comeram a comida?
– Sim, comeram-na.
– Did the children eat the food?
– Yes, they ate it

So, this is it. It’s very simple, and here we finish our last class about these kind of pronouns. Soon we are going to see other pronouns with a different function! We finish this part thanking you all very much, and we’ll always continue in contact through the channel that you prefer, and we hope that you come to Rio to see our school, to see everything here and learn Portuguese with me and the other teachers, of course!

That’s it, everyone!
Big hug for all of you and we’ll see each other in our next Video Dica, Ok?

Bye, bye!

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Click on the links below to see more related Dicas
Personal Pronouns Me and Nos
Personal Pronouns O and A
Personal Pronouns Lo and La
Pronomes pessoais do caso reto
Possessive Pronouns in Portuguese
Reflexive Pronouns in Portuguese
Demonstrative Pronouns in Portuguese