Reflexive Pronouns in Portuguese

Ejemplo con los Pronombres Reflexivos del Portugués: Eles se preparam para surfar.

Friends, today we are going to study the reflexive pronouns in Portuguese.

First, let’s take a look at the reflexive pronouns:

Reflexive Pronouns in Portuguese

The reflexive pronouns are used with reflexive verbs. The idea is to explain that the person who does the action is also the one who receives the result of that action.

Eu Me Myself
Você Se Yourself
Ele/ela Se Himself / Herself
Nós Nos Ourselves
Vocês Se Yourselves
Eles/elas Se Themselves

Now, let’s take a look at some examples using these reflexive pronouns:

Examples

Eu me visto com roupas sociais.
I dress (myself) in smart clothes.

Como você se sujou tanto?
How did you make yourself so dirty?

Ele se queimou demais na praia.
He tanned (himself) way too much on the beach.

Ela se sente mal porque comeu algo ruim.
She is feeling sick because she ate something that had gone bad.

Nós nos decidimos sobre a questão proposta.
We decided (by ourselves) about the question proposed.

Vocês se levantaram cedo hoje?
Did you get (yourself) up early today?

Eles se beijaram no fim do encontro.
They kissed (each other) at the end of the date.

Elas se queixaram com o gerente do restaurante sobre o mal atendimento do garçom.
They complained to the restaurant’s manager about the waiter’s mistreatment.

The pronoun te in Portuguese

When thinking about grammar, the correct reflexive pronoun in Portuguese for the second person (tu/você) is the pronoun te. But this pronoun was used with the word tu, and since the language evolved over time, Brazilians don’t often use tu anymore. Instead of using tu they prefer to use você. The pronoun tu is used in some states of Brazil but still it’s is not very common overall. In Rio, for example, we almost don’t use it. And if we do use it, we never conjugate it correctly!

Therefore, the correct use would be to use você and the reflexive pronoun se, instead of using tu and te. 

Other reflexives words

Eu Mim mesmo/ eu mesmo Myself
Você Você mesmo Yourself
Ele/ela Ele mesmo/ ela mesma / si mesmo Himself / Herself
Nós Nós mesmos Ourselves
Vocês Vocês mesmos Yourselves
Eles/elas Eles mesmos/ elas mesmas Themselves

In Portuguese we have other words to talk about reflexive actions too. We often use the words mesmo (and its variations) and em pessoa to say that some action is reflexive.

When using the adjectives mesmo and mesma, notice that the adjective has to be according to the gender and number (plural or singular) of the subject/s.

Examples

Foi ele mesmo que atendeu o telefone.
He answered the phone himself.

A palestra foi feita por Maria em pessoa.
The talk was presented by Maria herself.

O rei visitou a escola em pessoa.
The king himself visited the school. 

Eu mesma construí minha casa.
I built my house myself.

When we use em pessoa we are often saying that someone did something in person.

Reciprocal Pronouns in Portuguese

Reciprocal Pronouns in Portuguese. Os estudantes se ajudam durante a aula.

In some cases it is also possible to have a reciprocal pronoun. It is used when each of two or more subjects are acting in the same way towards each other.  The same action is executed by both parties toward each other.

Example

Nós nos encontramos ontem. (Eu encontrei a ele e ele encontrou a mim).
We met each other yesterday. (I met him and he met me).

Eles se conhecem há muitos anos. (Ele conhece a ela e ela conhece a ele).
They have known each other for many years. (He knows her and she knows him).

Exercise for the reflexive pronouns in Portuguese

Complete the sentences below using the correct pronoun:

  1. Ela _____ vestiu para encontrar o namorado.
  2. Eu não _____ sinto muito bem. Vou para casa.
  3. Quando ela passou, os homens _____ viraram para olhar.
  4. Vocês nunca _____ decidem sobre as roupas que vão usar.
  5. Nós _____ enganamos. Por isso, chamamos na casa errada.
  6. Na festa, todos _____ divertiram muito.
  7. Precisamos _____ despedir. O ônibus já vai partir.
  8. Eles _____ abraçam, porque são amigos.
  9. Eles _____ beijavam, porque sentiam saudades um do outro.
  10. _____ cumprimentamos no início da reunião.
  11. Nós _____ despedimos na estação de trem.
  12. Nós não _____ falamos ontem, porque não tivemos tempo.
  13. A gente _____ viu na praia no domingo passado.
  14. Elas vão _____ encontrar no calçadão de Copacabana.

That’s it!
Now, we know all about reflexive pronouns in Portuguese! You can find the answers at the end of our A Dica do Dia.

O que acham de nos conhecermos melhor?
How about we get to know each other better?

Like us on Facebook and learn more about Rio & Learn!
We’d love to see you here in Rio! Come learn Portuguese in Brazil with us!

Bye bye!

Ler esta Dica em Português              Leer esta Dica en Español
Click in the links below to see more related Dicas
Relative Pronouns in Portuguese
Portuguese Personal Pronouns in Portuguese
Personal Pronouns Me and Nos
Personal Pronouns O and A

Exercise about the reflexive pronouns in Portuguese: answers

  1. se
  2. me
  3. se
  4. se
  5. nos
  6. se
  7. nos
  8. se
  9. se
  10. Nos
  11. nos
  12. nos
  13. se
  14. se

This post is also available in: English Português (Portuguese) Español (Spanish)

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Search for Portuguese Dicas

Tell us which Portuguese lesson you would like to learn

 

Generic selectors
Exact matches only
Search in title
Search in content
Post Type Selectors

Suscribe to A Dica do Dia.

Get free Portuguese lessons. Subscribe to A Dica do Dia and get short, daily lessons in Portuguese completely free.


EXCELLENT rating
Based on 265 reviews
Rio&Learn is highly recommended by me! As a language teacher myself (I teach English here in Rio), I recognize the method of total immersion in the language and I find it extremely effective. Obviously it's tiring at first, but it's absolutely the best way to learn a language. During my private lessons, I have different teachers. I quite like this as every teacher has their own emphasis, specialty, and interests. All of the teachers are great teachers, though! They are all passionate about their language and culture, friendly, patient: everything a teacher needs to be. The school made me feel at home right away. Perhaps also good to mention: they helped me super quickly and effective with all of the paperwork needed from their side to obtain my student visa. Five stars, without a doubt 🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟
Adrienne Buteijn
Adrienne Buteijn
2023-05-19
Had an incident with a holiday. I selected Monday and Wednesday for my classes, since I can’t attend classes on other days. Due to holiday one of the lessons was scheduled on Friday. I warned about this issue on Tuesday, 3 days before the lesson, but manager answered in a rude way that they can’t do anything and blamed me that this is my fault I didn’t warn earlier. Teacher is asking their students to give good grades to the course on a second lesson. This is not teachers fault. Probably managers ask her to do this. Maybe my grade will change. Only time will show. At the moment as is.
Mykola Kurenkov
Mykola Kurenkov
2023-05-11
Estudar portugués online com a escola Río & learn é muito gratificante pra mim, pois as professoras são amorosas. As aulas são engraçadas, com muita prática falando português brasileiro. Também eu posso conhecer pessoas de outros países e outras culturas. Eu sinto que moro no Brasil quando eu estou em aula!!
YESEA RARU
YESEA RARU
2023-05-10
Raccomando tantissimo! Ho fatto lezioni private e il mio portoghese migliora a vista d'occhio. Fluente in 4 mesi grazie a questa scuola <3
Giulia Benzi
Giulia Benzi
2023-05-10
I took a one week in-person course and had an amazing experience. It was intensive and definitely highly recommended! I appreciate the great, caring and highly professional team : Diogo for your awesome and energetic lectures and dedication. The lessons outside the classroom were very engaging and a useful way to immerse into local life. Thanks Laise, Marta and Dayane for the great support and smooth coordination. I look forward to taking the online sessions next!
Cheryl Loh
Cheryl Loh
2023-05-01
I joined the online classes 1 month ago and I am loving the experience. Shout-out to Professora's Dani & Nathalia,they're amazing! The classes are interesting,focused and the teachers are very patient. They also do extra online activities outside the class schedule to really boost your learning in a fun, engaging environment. My speaking proficiency is improving faster than ever before compared to other classes I tried with other schools. The staff are very organised, communicate well and I think the cost is excellant value for money. Vamos lá!
Natasha Deegan
Natasha Deegan
2023-04-29
Followed one week of group classes in Rio de Janeiro, I had no prior experience with Portuguese. The classes were really good, fun even (we laughed a lot) and the material is very well chosen. The after activities (Rio Live) as well were so fun and the teachers (Diogo) always made you feel comfortable and had a lot of patience. We even went for lunch together to learn about this subject. I really loved this way of teaching. I feel like I have a good base of the language and I can understand so much more now.
Lena
Lena
2023-04-20
I have taken online courses twice now with Rio & Learn. In both group and private lessons the instruction was excellent. Classes were well-planned and the instructors were responsive and engaging. If I ever have the chance I will definitely sign up for their in person classes.
Heather Minielly
Heather Minielly
2023-04-18
Ich war vor 4 Jahren dort und habe dort die Basics in Portugiesisch gelernt. Sehr praxisnaher Unterricht mit vielen Aktivitäten und Spaß. Mir gefällt dieser spielerische Ansatz sehr und ich konnte einiges lernen. Absolute Empfehlung!
Lars Altmar
Lars Altmar
2023-03-29
This is the best language school ever. I spent one month, started with no portguese whatsoever, and now I can hold basic conversations and understand most of what people are saying. My progress was pretty amazing thanks to all the teachers who are AMAZING. I can't stress enough how nice, helpful and fun they are. In addition to classes in the mornings, the school offers different kinds of activities every afternoon outside the school. It's great to practice portuguese outside and also discover some great places in Rio as well as many different kind of fun activities. I made great friends there and had so many good laughs. Often the teachers also take you out of the classroom for the entire class or half of it to make it more entertaining. I truly recommend this school that was way more than a school for me. Thanks to everyone there, especially Diogo, Lais and Guliana for everything.
tessie cranman
tessie cranman
2023-03-27