Relative Pronouns in Portuguese

Ejemplo de pronombres relativos en portugués: O museu no qual eles estão fica em Niterói.

Hello friends! What do you say we learn relative pronouns in Portuguese?

Learning the relative pronouns in Portuguese

The relative pronouns are used to avoid repetition and make our sentences clearer. To understand this better, let’s see an example:

Eu recomendei o livro para ela. Ela leu o livro.
I recommended a book to her. She read the book.

To simplify these two sentences into one and avoid the repetition of the word book, we can use the relative pronoun que:

Ela leu o livro que eu recomendei.
She read the book that I recommended. 

We can separate the relative pronouns into variable and invariable. The invariable relative pronouns in Portuguese are que, quem and onde. They can be substituted by the variable relative pronouns o qual, a qual, os quais and as quais.

First of all, let’s learn the relative pronouns in Portuguese in parts. These pronouns are called variable because they change their form according to the word that they are referring to. Check out the pronunciation of the variable ones:

O qual / A qual / Os quais / As quais
Cujo / Cuja / Cujos / Cujas

Now, learn the pronunciation of the invariable ones. Don’t forget to repeat after the audio to practice. These pronouns are called invariable because they only have one form.

Que
Quem
Onde

Let’s understand a little better how we can substitute an invariable pronoun with a variable pronoun.

Relative pronoun Que

We use this pronoun to talk about the relation of objects. Take a look at some examples with the relative pronoun que and its transformation into a variable relative pronoun.

O livro que falei é novo. The book that I told you about is new.
O livro do qual falei é novo. The book which I told you about is new.

 

Os filmes que nós falamos concorreram ao
Oscar.
The movies that we talked about competed for the Oscar.
Os filmes dos quais nós falávamos concorreram ao Oscar. The movies which we talked about competed for the Oscar.

 

O carro que eu gosto é um Mustang. The car that I like is a Mustang.
O carro do qual eu gosto é um Mustang. The car which I like is a Mustang.

 

Relative pronoun Quem


It refers to a person and is always accompanied by a preposition. Take a look at some examples with the relative pronoun quem and its transformation into a variable relative pronoun.

O homem com quem falei foi muito simpático. The man that I talked to was very nice.
O homem com o qual falei foi muito simpático. The man, with whom I talked, was very nice.

 

A mulher com quem encontramos nos deu ótimas informações sobre o Rio de Janeiro. The woman that we met gave us some great information about Rio de Janeiro.
A mulher com a qual encontramos nos deu ótimas informações sobre o Rio de Janeiro. The woman whom we met gave us some great information about Rio de Janeiro.

 

As pessoas com quem Marina e Matheus estavam foram muito hospitaleiras. The people that Marina and Matheus stayed with were very hospitable.
As pessoas com as quais Marina e Matheus estavam foram muito hospitaleiras. The people with whom Marina and Matheus stayed, were very hospitable.

 

Relative pronoun Onde

We use the word onde to refer to somewhere. Take a look at some examples with the relative pronoun onde and its transformation into a variable relative pronoun.

A cidade onde eu vivo é muito famosa por suas belezas naturais. The city where I live is famous for its natural beauties.
A cidade na qual eu vivo é muito famosa por suas belezas naturais. The city in which I live is famous for its natural
beauties.

 

O país onde eles nasceram é muito quente durante o verão. The country where they were born is very hot during the summer.
O país no qual eles nasceram é muito quente durante o verão. The country in which they were born is very hot during the summer.

 

O museu onde eles estão fica em Niterói. The museum where they are in is in Niterói.
O museu no qual eles estão fica em Niterói. The museum, in which they are, in is in Niterói.

 

Relative pronoun Cujo

This pronoun is used to give the idea of possession. In one of our Dicas you can find more about the relative pronoun cujo. Let’s see some examples:

O menino, cujo cachorro é preto, tem 9 anos.
The boy, whose dog is black, is 9 years old.

O carro, cuja janela está quebrada, é meu.
The car, whose window in broken, is mine.

O homem, cujos filhos estudam na Rio & Learn, é holandês.
The man, whose sons study at Rio & Learn, is Dutch.

All set, friends?!
We have just learned the relative pronouns in Portuguese, and for you to practice we have here an exercise and two easy questions.

Exercises about relative pronouns in Portuguese

Change the sentences according to the example using the relative clauses in Portuguese:

Eu mandei um e-mail. Ele recebeu o e-mail.
Ele recebeu o e-mail que eu mandei.

  1. O livro é caro. Ele comprou o livro.
    ____________________________________________________
  2. Elas viram o filme. Ele tinha recomendado o filme.
    ____________________________________________________
  3. Recebemos muitos fax. Os fax vêm do exterior.
    ____________________________________________________
  4. A rua é larga. Moro na rua larga.
    ____________________________________________________
  5. A cidade é calma. Moramos nesta cidade.
    ____________________________________________________

  6. A casa foi vendida. O dono da casa mora na Urca.
    ____________________________________________________
  7. Dei um presente para um homem. O homem era meu pai.
    ____________________________________________________
  8. Eles falam de uma mulher. A mulher é a gerente do restaurante.
    ____________________________________________________
  9. Os professores trabalham na Rio & Learn. Os professores são brasileiros.
    ____________________________________________________
  10. O escritório é no centro. Ele trabalha neste escritório.
    ____________________________________________________

Exercise 2 about relative pronouns in Portuguese

Did you think that was all? Of course not! We still have another exercise for you to practice even more Portuguese relative pronouns!  Let’s make it harder. Complete the sentences choosing which relative pronoun to use. You’ll see that you can use more than one pronoun, try to make answers with all the possibilities. And if you have any doubts, come talk to us on our Facebook page.

  1. A moça _________ eu gosto não gosta de mim.
  2. O homem _________ eu sempre falo é simpático.
  3. Os rapazes _________ eu pedi ajuda estavam estudando.
  4. A escola _________ estudamos é muito boa.
  5. A cidade _______ estamos morando é animada.
  6. A rua _________ fica a Rio & Learn é perto da praia de Copacabana.
  7. O menino _________ eu te falei, está aqui.
  8. A casa _______ eu moro, é grande.
  9. As pessoas _______ você falou, chegaram.
  10. O gato ________ dono é ruivo, tem pelo laranja.

If you’ve found different answers, have a private class with us and talk to one of our teachers!

Quem foi a última pessoa com a qual vocês falaram?
Who was the last person with whom you talked?

Onde é o país no qual vocês gostariam de morar?
Where is the country in which you would like to live?

Now you know everything you need about the Portuguese relative clauses! See you next time, friends from A Dica do Dia!
Big kiss!

Ler esta Dica em Português         Leer esta Dica en Español
Click on the links below to see more related Dicas
Cujo in Portuguese

Interrogative Words in Portuguese
Possessive Pronouns in Portuguese
Reflexive Pronouns in Portuguese

Answers 1

  1. O livro que ele comprou é caro.
  2. Elas viram o filme que ele tinha recomendado.
  3. Recebemos muitos fax que vêm do exterior.
  4. A rua onde moro é larga.
  5. A cidade onde moramos é calma.
  6. O escritório onde ele trabalha é no centro
  7. A casa, cujo dono mora na Urca, foi vendida.
  8. O homem para quem dei um presente era meu pai.
  9. A mulher de quem eles falam é a gerente do restaurante.
  10. Os professores que trabalham na Rio & Learn são brasileiros.

Answers 2 

  1. A moça que/ da qual eu gosto não gosta de mim.
  2. O homem que/sobre o qual/ do qual eu sempre falo é simpático.
  3. Os rapazes para os quais/ que eu pedi ajuda estavam estudando.
  4. A escola onde / na qual / em que estudamos é muito boa.
  5. A cidade onde / na qual / em que estamos morando é animada.
  6. A rua onde / na qual / em que fica a Rio & Learn é perto da praia de Copacabana.
  7. O menino que/sobre o qual/ do qual eu te falei, está aqui.
  8. A casa onde / na qual / em que eu moro, é grande.
  9. As pessoas que/ sobre as quais você falou, chegaram.
  10. O gato cujo / que dono é ruivo, tem pelo laranja.

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