Special cases of Imperative in Portuguese

Casos especiales del Imperativo del Portugués. Ejemplo: Seja corajoso. Não olhe para baixo!

Hi friends! Let’s bring imperative to a perfect end! Today we’re going to learn the special cases of imperative in Portuguese.

What’s the imperative mode?

First let’s remember what the imperative is. You know that in Portuguese we have 3 different modes of verbs: the indicative, the subjunctive and the imperative. We use the imperative to give orders, suggestions, instructions or advice.

If you want to remember more about the regular verbs in the imperative, click here.

In today’s free Portuguese lesson we will focus on some special cases of the Imperative in Portuguese. Let’s learn what they are!

What are the Special Cases of Imperative?

Some verbs have their forms changed when they are in their imperative form. For these cases, we have to memorize them and practice. But if you already know the present subjunctive in Portuguese, knowing the conjugation will help you learn the imperative of these verbs because the conjugation is the same! Let’s check:

Conjugation of special verbs

Special cases of Imperative in Portuguese. Conjugation of the verb Ser, Estar and Ir in the imperative: Seja, Sejamos, Sejam. Esteja, Estejamos, Estejam. Vá, Vamos, Vão.

Let’s see some examples using these special cases of verbs in the imperative, so you can understand it better.

Examples

Seja legal com seus amigos.
Be nice to your friends.

Esteja em casa às dez da noite.
Be home at 10 p.m.

Vamos sair juntos hoje.
Let’s go out together today.

Sejam felizes todos os dias.
Be happy everyday.

Estejamos sempre atento ao que ela diz.
Let’s always pay attention to what she says.

às Atividades RioLIVE!, você se diverte e aprende Português no Brasil.
Go to the RioLIVE! Activities, you’ll have fun and learn Portuguese in Brazil.

Verbs ending in –car and –gar

Another case we’re going to learn is the case of verbs ending in -CAR or -GAR. These verbs go through an alteration to keep their phonetics. That is, they’ll follow the same patterns as the regular imperative verbs, but some letters in the word might change to maintain the same pronunciation. Let’s see some examples with these verbs too.

Examples

Ficar – Não fiquem em casa esperando! Entrem em contato com a Rio & Learn agora mesmo.
To stay – Don’t stay home waiting! Contact Rio & Learn right now.

Pay attention to the c in the middle of the verb which always turns into qu when we use it followed by an e.

Chegar – Não demore muito. Chegue o mais rápido possível.
To arrive – Don’t take too long. Get here as fast as possible.

Ga turns into gu when we want to preserve the sound, using it followed by the letter e.

Explicar Expliquemos novamente para que todos entendam.
To explain – Let us explain again so that everyone understands.

Alugar Alugue um apartamento de frente para a praia. A vista é linda.
To rent – Rent an apartment in front of the beach. The view is gorgeous.

Aplicar Aplique água fria sobre a área da queimadura.
To apply – Apply cold water to the burned area.

Enxugar Enxuguem bem os pés ao sair do banho.
To dry – Dry your feet after showering.

Exercise for special cases of imperative

To practice what you’ve learned, we’ll give you some situations and you have to make suggestions or give orders accordingly. Use the special verbs and feel free to complete them with more verbs too.

  1. A criança saiu do banho toda encharcada.
  2. Eles não têm dinheiro para se encontrarem na rua.
  3. Nós nos importamos muito com opinião alheia e ficamos tristes com isso.
  4. Eu quero ir na praia.
  5. Não sei como conversar com pessoas novas.
  6. Os alunos não prestaram atenção no que o professor disse.
  7. Me atrasei para o trabalho.
  8. A professora não entendeu o que o aluno disse. O que o aluno pode fazer?
  9. O cabelo deles está muito ressecado.
  10. Queremos conhecer mais praias. Aonde podemos ir?

At the end of this Dica, you’ll find our suggestions for each situation above. If you created a new one which is not here, come to our Facebook and share it with us.

So, what about using these special cases of the imperative on our daily routine? Ready to start giving orders to everyone?
Stay tuned in our next Dica!
Hugs

Ler esta Dica em Português         Leer esta Dica en Español
Click on the links below to see more related Dicas
Imperative of the Regular verbs
Imperative of irregular verbs
Verbs ending in -ar in Present
Regular verbs in -ER

Exercise about special cases of imperative: answers

  1. A criança saiu do banho toda encharcada. – Enxugue seu corpo melhor! 
  2. Eles não têm dinheiro para se encontrarem na rua. – Fiquem em casa e façam uma festa.
  3. Nós nos importamos muito com opinião alheia e ficamos tristes com isso. – Sejam vocês mesmos, não se importem com o que os outros dizem!
  4. Eu quero ir na praia. – Vá ao Rio de Janeiro. Lá tem muitas praias.
  5. Não sei como conversar com pessoas novas. – Seja você mesmo. Seja confiante. Seja tranquilo. Seja sincero. Esteja calmo. Fale sobre assuntos que você gosta.
  6. Os alunos não prestaram atenção no que o professor disse. – Estejam sempre atentos aos professores!
  7. Me atrasei para o trabalho. – Chegue mais cedo da próxima vez!
  8. A professora não entendeu o que o aluno disse. O que o aluno pode fazer? – Explique novamente o que disse. Explique de outro jeito. 
  9. O cabelo deles está muito ressecado. – Apliquem cremes de hidratação.
  10. Queremos conhecer mais praias. Aonde podemos ir? – Vão ao Nordeste do Brasil. Há muitas praias lindas lá.

This post is also available in: English Português (Portuguese) Español (Spanish)

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