Thirteenth Salary in Brazil

Ejemplo sobre el 13º salario Brasil en portugués: Eles receberam o 13º salário.

Hey friends! How are you? Ready for one more Portuguese class? Today A Dica do Dia will talk about the thirteenth salary in Brazil and how it works.

Learning about the thirteenth salary in Brazil

The thirteenth salary is a right granted to all employees in the law number 4.09 and guarantees the payment of an extra salary at the end of each year.

In the year of 1962, the then President, João Goulart, also known as Jango, approved this bonus and it became mandatory all around the country. This ensures that all employees with their carteiras de trabalho registered on the CLT regime, including those retired and pensioners, could receive an additional amount corresponding to 1/12 (one twelfth) of their annual salary in the month of December.

How to calculate the thirteenth salary

We can say that the payment of the thirteenth salary depends on the length of time working in the company, if under one year, and the amount relates to their contractual monthly salary. The thirteenth salary is calculated on the employee’s salary through the following formula:

For instance, if one works in the same company for 5 months and receives a salary worth R$1200 a month, the calculation will be: 1200 ÷ 12 x 5 = 500. So R$500 will be the amount of the thirteenth salary, taxes will then be deducted.

The employer can pay the salary in maximum of two installments. The first one must be paid any month between February and November of each year, in many cases will be the month of the employees vacation (in Brazil we have one full month vacation a year) and the second one must be paid before December 20th.

Vocabulary list

Empregados Employees
Pagamento Payment
Salário Salary
Carteira Work Card
CLT (Consolidação das Leis do Trabalho) Consolidation of Labor Laws
Aposentado/a Retired
Pensionistas Pensioners
Quantia Amount
Empresa Company
Cálculo Calculation
Empregador Employer
Férias Vacation 

What kind of bonuses are there in your country?
How do people usually spend them?

If you want to work in Brazil, you must learn Portuguese. Come to our business Portuguese classes and we’ll prepare you for the real world!

Exercise all about the thirteenth salary in Brazil

To practice a little more about the thirteen salary in Brazil and related vocabulary, complete the dialogue below with the words you’ve just learned:

Dayane: Oi! Você já recebeu o ______________ do seu 13º?
Juliana: Sim e você?

Dayane: Também já recebi! A ______________ me pagou no dia certo.
Juliana: Que bom! Comigo também deu tudo certo.

Dayane: O que você vai fazer com essa ______________ de dinheiro?
Juliana: Eu vou guardar para poder usar nas ______________. Quero fazer uma viagem e você?

Dayane: Eu ainda não sei. Vou fazer um ______________ para ver quanto dinheiro posso gastar e quanto posso guardar.
Juliana: É sempre uma boa ideia guardar dinheiro para quando nós formos ______________, né?

Dayane: Verdade! Sempre temos que pensar no futuro.
Juliana: É verdade!

Till next Dica!
Big hug from Rio & Learn.

Ler esta Dica em Português   Leer esta Dica en Español
Click on the links below to see more related Dicas

Professions in Portuguese
Job market vocabulary in Portuguese
Employment Schemes in Brazil
Resumé in Portuguese


Dayane: Oi! Você já recebeu o pagamento do seu 13º?
Juliana: Sim e você?

Dayane: Também já recebi! A empresa me pagou no dia certo.
Juliana: Que bom! Comigo também deu tudo certo.

Dayane: O que você vai fazer com essa quantia de dinheiro?
Juliana: Eu vou guardar para poder usar nas férias. Quero fazer uma viagem e você?

Dayane: Eu ainda não sei. Vou fazer um cálculo para ver quanto dinheiro posso gastar e quanto posso guardar.
Juliana: É sempre uma boa ideia guardar dinheiro para quando nós formos aposentadas, né?

Dayane: Verdade! Sempre temos que pensar no futuro.
Juliana: É verdade!

This post is also available in: English Português (Portuguese) Español (Spanish)

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