To Be in Portuguese

example of verb to be in portuguese: Eles estão na Feira de São Cristóvão!

Hello, there! Did you know the verb to be in Portuguese is divided in two separate verbs? Are you learning Portuguese and finding it tricky to grasp the differences between the verbs “ser” and “estar”? You’re not alone! These two verbs are fundamental in the Portuguese language, and understanding when to use each one can be a bit challenging. Let’s explore the key distinctions between “ser” and “estar” to help you use them correctly in your conversations.

To Be in Portuguese: Verb Ser for Permanent States

“Ser” is used to express permanent or inherent characteristics, identity, origin, and more. When you’re talking about something that doesn’t change or changes very slowly, “ser” is your go-to verb. Now, let’s check out the conjugation for this verb in the present tense! If you want to learn more about this verb in the present tense, we have the right Dica just for you!

PronounVerb SerPronunciation
Eusou
Vocêé
Ele / Elaé
Nóssomos
Vocêssão
Eles / Elassão

Now, check out the uses for this verb!

Identity

Use “ser” in Portuguese to express your name, profession, marital status, religion and political position.

Eu sou Amélia.
I am Amélia.

Ele é médico.
He is a doctor.

Ela é solteira.
She is single.

Nós somos cristãos.
We are Christian.

Vocês são esquerdistas.
You are leftists.

Origin

This form of verb to be in Portuguese is also used to talk about where someone or something comes from, along with their nationality.

Eu sou brasileiro.
I am Brazilian.

João é do Rio de Janeiro.
João is from Rio de Janeiro.

Ela é de São Paulo.
She is from São Paulo.

Inherent Characteristics

When describing someone’s physical appearance or inherent qualities, use “ser.”

Ele é alto.
He is tall.

Nós somos bonitos.
We are beautiful.

O gato é preto.
The cat is black.

To Be in Portuguese: Estar for Temporary States

“Estar” is the verb you’ll want to use when describing temporary states, emotions, temperature and locations. It’s all about things that can change or are situational. Now, we are going to check out how to conjugate this verb in Portuguese! If you want to dive deeper in verb estar in the present tense, check out this Dica!

PronounVerb EstarPronunciation
Euestou
Vocêestá
Ele / Elaestá
Nósestamos
Vocêsestão
Eles / Elasestão

Now, check out how to use this verb!

Emotions

Expressing how you or someone else feels at a given moment.

Eu estou feliz.
I am happy.

Ela está triste.
She is sad.

Location

Use this form of verb to be in Portuguese to indicate where something or someone is at a particular moment.

O livro está na mesa.
The book is on the table.

Eles estão no parque.
They are at the park.

Temperature

We can also use the verb estar in Portuguese to describe the temperature.

O tempo está chuvoso.
The weather is rainy.

Está ensolarado lá fora!
It’s sunny outside!

In summary, “ser” is for permanent, inherent characteristics, and “estar” is for temporary states, emotions, conditions, and locations. Learning when to use each verb is essential for mastering Portuguese and ensuring your conversations are accurate and natural!

Exercise for Ser and Estar in Portuguese

Here’s an exercise to help you practice the differences between “ser” and “estar” in Portuguese, our verb to be in Portuguese. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate verb: “ser” or “estar.”

  1. O carro ________ vermelho.
  2. Ele ________ médico.
  3. Nós ________ muito felizes hoje.
  4. Minha mãe ________ de Lisboa.
  5. Eles ________ no parque agora.
  6. O tempo ________ ensolarado.
  7. O gato ________ debaixo da cama.
  8. Você ________ cansado hoje?
  9. Ela ________ triste com a notícia.
  10. O café ________ quente.

Keep practicing, and with time, you’ll become more confident in choosing between “ser” and “estar” as you navigate the rich and diverse landscape of the Portuguese language. Now you know how to use verb to be in Portuguese!

Boa sorte!

Click on the links below to see more relate Dicas
Ser Portuguese Conjugation
Verb Ser Exercises
Estar Portuguese Conjugation
Ser and Estar Portuguese Exercises

Answers

  1. O carro é vermelho.
  2. Ele é médico.
  3. Nós estamos muito felizes hoje.
  4. Minha mãe é de Lisboa.
  5. Eles estão no parque agora.
  6. O tempo está ensolarado.
  7. O gato está debaixo da cama.
  8. Você está cansado hoje?
  9. Ela está triste com a notícia.
  10. O café está quente.

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