Hi, guys! How are you?
Today, we are going to learn about an important movement that happened in Brazil during the Military Dictatorship, the Tropicália Movement.
Tropicália, Tropicalismo or Tropicália Movement was a cultural movement that appeared in Brazil thanks to artistic influences from vanguard and both national and foreign pop culture (rock ‘n roll and concretism). Tropicália blended traditional demonstrations of culture in Brazil to radical aesthetic innovations. This movement began in the late 60s, during the Military dictatorship; its behavioral objectives became popular in great part of the society. The biggest highlight of the Tropicália movement was, of course, in the music. Different artists took part in it such as Caetano Veloso, Gal Costa, Tom Zé, Os Mutantes and Torquato Neto.
The beginning of Tropicalismo
The movement emerged from the union of several Brazilian artistis. Its crucial moment for the definition of the name happened in the Festival of Brazilian Popular Music, in 1967, in which the song Alegria, Alegria, was performed by Caetano Veloso and Gilberto Gil. The Festival was considered totally Tropicalista in the following year, when Tom Zé presented the song São Paulo. The album Tropicália ou Panis et Circencis, which talked about a manifest of the group and was considered the second best album in Brazilian Music by Rolling Stone Brasil magazine was released in 1968.
A strong characteristic of this slightly critical movement called Tropicália was the lyrics of its songs. As they were more coded, its songs were considered innovative, especially for its language games, which brought it closer to the poetry of concretists.
The end of Tropicália Movement
The famous incident with the Brazilian flag, in 1968 determined the end of Tropicália Movement. The situation in which the flag was supposedly disrespected, from the military point of view who ruled Brazil at that time. During the concert, the flag was hoisted with the sayings Seja Marginal, Seja Herói (Be a criminal, Be a hero), made by Hélio Oiticica, showing the picture of a famous drug dealer back then. known as Cara-de-Cavalo, who had been murdered by the police violently. The incident would fit out as an excuse so that the military could cancel the concert, arrest Caetano and Gilberto Gil and free them later, exiling them in the United Kingdom. The incident was considered the end of the vanguardist movement.
You see, guys!
Now we know more about this very important movement in Brazil, the Tropicália Movement.
A tight hug and we meet again on our next Dica.