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Today, we are going to learn Portuguese online, while discovering an important movement that happened in Brazil during the Military Dictatorship: Tropicalism and the best Tropicalia albums
Tropicalism, also known as the Tropicália or Tropicalia movement, was a musical-cultural movement in the late 1960s.
It included various fields such as art, poetry, music and theater.
Brazilian tropicalia is commonly associated with the music scene in Brazil. It mixes mixing influences from bossa nova, rock’n’roll, folk, African music, experimental music and fado.
It sought to distance itself from the intellectualism of Bossa Nova, to bring Brazilian music closer to popular culture, samba, pop, rock, and psychedelia.
The most famous musical artists of tropicalism are:
It was the way to dress, to talk, to support hippies and “new ideas”. Tropicalists did not sing strictly political texts, but the military considered their attitudes such.
Discover the best Tropicalia music! We have prepared a selection of the best Tropicalia albums, from the major exponents of this musical trend.
- Tropicália ou Panis et Circencis (1968) by Various Artists
- Os Mutantes (1968) by Os Mutantes
- Grande Liquidação (1968) by Tom Zé
- A Banda Tropicalista do Duprat (1968) by Rogério Duprat
- Gal Costa (1969) by Gal Costa
- Caetano Veloso (1969) by Caetano Veloso
- Gilberto Gil (aka Cérebro Eletrônico) (1969) by Gilberto Gil
- Hoje É O Primeiro Dia Do Resto Da Sua Vida (1972) by Rita Lee
Fine art in Tropicalism
Tropicalism was not just a musical movement. It was also present in the visual arts, thanks to Hélio Oiticica, Lygia Clark, Rogério Duprat and Antonio Dias. The term Tropicália derives from the name of a 1967 installation by the artist Hèlio Oiticica. His work inspired by life in the favelas of Rio.
Poetry in Tropicalia movement
Tropicalism poetry was influenced by concrete poetry, the Brazilian avant-garde poetry.
Among its exponents:
- Augusto de Campos
- Haroldo de Campos
- Décio Pignatari
The end of Tropicalism
A famous incident with the Brazilian flag, in 1968 determined the end of Tropicalia Movement. During the concert, a flag made by Hélio Oiticica was hoisted with the sayings Seja Marginal, Seja Herói (Be a criminal, Be a hero).
The flag was showing the picture of a famous drug dealer back then, known as Cara-de-Cavalo, who had been violently murdered by the police.
This incident would the perfect excuse for the military could cancel the concert.
Caetano Veloso and Gilberto Gil were arrested, and later freed. After that, they exiled themselves in the United Kingdom.
This incident was considered the end of the vanguardist movement.
Now we know more about this very important Tropicalism movement in Brazil.