Used to In Portuguese

Example with Used to in Portuguese: Eles costumavam visitar as praias cariocas.

What’s up friends from A Dica do Dia. Today, we’re going to talk about the verb used to in Portuguese. What did you used to do when you were a child? What did you used to eat? What did you used to play with?

How to use the verb Used to In Portuguese

We use the verb costumar (used to) plus another verb in the infinitive to describe actions in which we used to do in the past and, today, we don’t do anymore. This is how we do it:

Used to In Portuguese: Verbo Costumar mais infinitivo. Eu costumava estudar, você costumava estudar, ele / ela costumava estudar, nós costumávamos estudar, vocês costumavam estudar, eles / elas costumavam estudar.

 Examples with Used to in Portuguese

Antigamente, eu costumava sair muito à noite, com meus amigos.
In the past, I used to go out a lot at night with my friends

Onde você costumava passar o verão?
Where did you used to spend the summer?

Marta costumava ficar em casa aos domingos com a família.
Marta used to stay at home on Sundays with her family.

Antigamente, costumava fazer menos calor no Rio de Janeiro.
In the past, in Rio de Janeiro didn’t used to be as hot.

Nós sempre costumávamos passar as férias no Brasil. Era muito divertido!
We always used to spend the holidays in Brazil. It was so much fun!

Vocês costumavam vir sempre a este bar, não é? Por que vocês pararam?
You used to to always come to this bar, right? Why did you stop?

Eles costumavam ir a pé para o trabalho.
They used to walk to work.

We can also use the verb costumar in other tenses. Let’s learn them all:

Conjugation of Used to in Portuguese

To help you with the conjugation, we marked in bold the part of the verb that changes according to each conjugation of each tense. Take a look!

Indicative

Present Past Simple Imperfect Past
Eu costumo Eu costumei Eu costumava
Você costuma Você costumou Você costumava
Ele/ ela costuma Ele/ ela costumou Ele/ ela costumava
Nós costumamos Nós costumamos Nós costumávamos
Vocês costumam Vocês costumaram Vocês costumavam
Eles/ elas costumam Eles/ elas costumaram Eles/ elas costumavam

 

Past pluperfect simple Past pluperfect composed
Eu costumara Eu tinha costumado
Você costumara Você tinha costumado
Ele/ ela costumara Ele/ ela tinha costumado
Nós costumáramos Nós tínhamos costumado
Vocês costumaram Vocês tinham costumado
Eles/ elas costumaram Eles/ elas tinham costumado

 

Simple Future Immediate Future Future of the past
Eu costumarei Eu vou costumar Eu costumaria
Você costumará Você vai costumar Você costumaria
Ele/ ela costumará Ele/ ela vai costumar Ele/ ela costumaria
Nós costumaremos Nós vamos costumar Nós costumaríamos
Vocês costumarão Vocês vão costumar Vocês costumariam
Eles/ elas costumarão Eles/ elas vão costumar Eles/ elas costumariam

 

Imperative

Affirmative Negative
Costume você Não costume você
Costume ele/ ela Não costume ele/ ela
Costumemos nós Não costumemos nós
Costumem vocês Não costumem vocês
Costumem eles/ elas Não costumem eles/ elas

 

Subjunctive

Present Imperfect Past Future
Que eu costume Se eu costumasse Quando eu costumar
Que você costume Se você costumasse Quando você costumar
Que ele/ela costume Se ele/ela costumasse Quando ele/ela costumar
Que nós costumemos Se nós costumássemos Quando nós costumarmos
Que vocês costumem Se vocês costumassem Quando vocês costumarem
Que eles/elas costumem Se eles/elas costumassem Quando eles/elas costumarem

Other tenses

Personal infinitive Gerund Participle
Para costumar eu Costumando Costumado
Para costumar você
Para costumar ele/ela
Para costumarmos nós
Para costumarem vocês
Para costumarem eles/elas

This is a regular verb in Portuguese! So it’ll follow the same rules and pattern as the other regular verbs ending in AR.

Want to learn more? Have Online Portuguese Classes with us!

Acostumar x Costumar in Portuguese

In Portuguese we have two verbs that are very similar in their form and meaning too: acostumar and costumar. Today we’ve studied the verb costumar, but what is the difference between them?

The verb costumar has the sense of having a consolidated habit, while acostumar means acquiring (or not) a habit. Take a look at the examples:

Eu nunca me acostumo com a beleza dessa cidade.
I never get used to the beauty of this city.

Com o tempo, me acostumei a comer mais devagar.
Over time, I got used to eating more slowly.

Pay attention to when we use acostumar with a noun, we will use the preposition com. And when we use this verb with another verb, we must use the preposition a after it.

Now it’s your turn!

Now let’s practice the verb used to in Portuguese answering this question:

O que você costumava fazer no passado?
O que você se acostumou a fazer hoje que você não fazia antes?

Você mudou muito os seus hábitos?  

Practice with your friends what they costumavam fazer and today don’t do anymore.

Want to know what our students and teachers use to do in our Portuguese classes in Rio? Check out our Facebook page!

That´s it!!
See you in the next A Dica do Dia!

Ler esta Dica em Português   Leer esta Dica en Español
Click in the links below to see more related Dicas
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