Verbs ending in Air in Portuguese

Ejemplo con los verbos terminados en -AIR en portugués: Ela cai no chão durante o jogo de vôlei.

Hello fiends! Are you ready to learn Portuguese? Have you ever noticed that we have some subgroups of verb conjugation based on their endings in Portuguese? Today we are going to talk about the the Verbs ending in Air in Portuguese. Take a look at the conjugation and pay attention to the endings highlighted in bold. 

Conjugation of the verbs ending in Air in Portuguese

The verbs ending in Air in Portuguese can be a little tricky, so pay attention to the details!

Let’s start by taking a look at the conjugation in the Present Tense:

Conjugation of the verbs ending in -air in the present tense. Verb Cair: Eu caio, Você cai, Ele/ ela cai, Nós caímos, Vocês caem, Eles/ elas caem. Verb Sair: Eu saio, Você sai, Ele/ ela sai, Nós saímos, Vocês saem, Eles/ elas saem.Notice that the main structure of the verb cair changes in last plural forms of the present tense. In the first person we say: Eu caio, respecting the main structure of cair with an i. But when we talk about vocês and eles/elas we say caem. The letter i turns into an e. So this is where we have to pay attention because the structure of the verb changes in these cases (vocês and eles/elas). This will happen with all of the Verbs ending in Air in Portuguese.

To understand better, let’s see the verb cair conjugated in all forms. The other verbs ending in Air in Portuguese will follow the same structure as this one.


Present Past Simple Imperfect Past
Eu caio Eu caí Eu caía
Você cai Você caiu Você caía
Ele/ ela cai Ele/ ela caiu Ele/ ela caía
Nós caímos Nós caímos Nós caíamos
Vocês caem Vocês caíram Vocês caíam
Eles/ elas caem Eles/ elas caíram Eles/ elas caíam


Past pluperfect simple Past pluperfect composed
Eu caíra Eu tinha caído
Você caíra Você tinha caído
Ele/ ela caíra Ele/ ela tinha caído
Nós caíramos Nós tínhamos caído
Vocês caíram Vocês tinham caído
Eles/ elas caíram Eles/ elas tinham caído


Simple Future Immediate Future Future of the past
Eu cairei Eu vou cair Eu cairia
Você cairá Você vai cair Você cairia
Ele/ ela cairá Ele/ ela vai cair Ele/ ela cairia
Nós cairemos Nós vamos cair Nós cairíamos
Vocês cairão Vocês vão cair Vocês cairiam
Eles/ elas cairão Eles/ elas vão cair Eles/ elas cairiam



Affirmative Negative
Caia você Não caia você
Caia ele/ ela Não caia ele/ ela
Caiamos nós Não caiamos nós
Caiam vocês Não caiam vocês
Caiam eles/ elas Não caiam eles/ elas



Present Imperfect Past Future
Que eu caia Se eu caísse Quando eu cair
Que você caia Se você caísse Quando você cair
Que ele/ela caia Se ele/ela caísse Quando ele/ela cair
Que nós caiamos Se nós caíssemos Quando nós cairmos
Que vocês caiamos Se vocês caíssem Quando vocês caírem
Que eles/elas caiamos Se eles/elas caíssem Quando eles caírem


Other tenses

Personal infinitive Gerund Participle
Para cair eu Caindo Caído
Para cair você
Para cair ele/ela
Para cairmos nós
Para caírem vocês
Para caírem eles/elas

List of Verbs ending in Air in Portuguese

Here you have a list of some verbs that follow the same structure. Do you know the meaning of all of them?

  • Sair – To leave
  • Cair –  To fall
  • Trair – To betray
  • Sobressair – To excel
  • Distrair – To distract
  • Atrair – To attract
  • Subtrair – To subtract
  • Esvair – To fade away
  • Recair – To relapse
  • Retrair – To retract
  • Extrair – To extract
  • Contrair – To contract
  • Abstrair – To abstract
  • Descontrair – To relax

Shall we use this conjugation? See some examples using the Verbs ending in -air in Portuguese.

Examples with verbs ending in AIR in Portuguese

Eu sempre caio nas piadas dos meus amigos.
I always fall for my friends jokes.

Eu sempre saio cedo de casa. Você nunca sai.
I always leave home early. You never do.

Todos os dias aquele menino cai da bicicleta, mas ele nunca desiste.
Everyday that boy falls off his bike, but he never gives up.

Ele sai com os colegas para a festa.
He goes out with his friends to party.

Maria sempre sai com o professor nas Atividades RioLIVE! da escola.
Maria always goes with the teacher to the RioLIVE! Activities from school.

Nós saímos juntos para o cinema.
We left together to go to the movies.

Vocês saem do trabalho tarde.
You leave work late.

Eles saem da aula cedo.
They leave class early.

Eles caem na areia jogando vôlei de praia.
They fall on the sand while playing beach volley.

Now it’s your turn!

Complete with the verbs in the appropriate verb tense:

  1. (atrair) O lixo _______ ratos e baratas.
  2. (sair) Eu não _______ muito de casa.
  3. (cair) Em alguns anos o carnaval _______ em Fevereiro. Em outros anos _______ em Março.
  4. (distrair) Eu me _______ assistindo televisão.
  5. (sair) Meu amigo é solteiro e _______ todos os dias. Eu sou casado e quase não _______ mais.
  6. (sair) Ela _______ para a balada todos os dias.
  7. (cair) Meu irmão sempre escorrega e _______.
  8. (atrair) As sereias _______ marinheiros para o fundo do mar.
  9. (distrair) José nunca se _______. Ele tem muito foco.
  10. (subtrair) Nós _______ 4 por 2 e depois dividimos.

So, friends, let’s go out and practice our Portuguese?
Here at Rio & Learn we always go out to practice at the best places in Rio de Janeiro.

Big hug from Rio de Janeiro to you all!

     Ler esta Dica em Português      Leer esta Dica en Español
Click on the links below to see more related Dicas
Verbs ending in -AR in Present
Regular verbs in -ER
Verbo ir at Present


  1. (atrair) O lixo atrai ratos e baratas.
  2. (sair)E u não saio muito de casa.
  3. (cair) Em alguns anos o carnaval  cai em Fevereiro. Em outros anos cai em Março.
  4. (distrair) Eu me distraio assistindo televisão.
  5. (sair) Meu amigo é solteiro e  sai todos os dias. Eu sou casado e quase não saio mais.
  6. (sair) Ela sai para a balada todos os dias.
  7. (cair) Meu irmão sempre escorrega e cai.
  8. (atrair) As sereias atraem marinheiros para o fundo do mar.
  9. (distrair) José nunca se distrai. Ele tem muito foco.
  10. (subtrair) Nós subtraímos 4 por 2 e depois dividimos.

This post is also available in: English Português (Portuguese) Español (Spanish)

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