War in Portuguese

example of war in portuguese: nossos alunos conheceram o interior de um submarino.

Hello, there! In this Dica, we will understand the vocabulary of the world of war in Portuguese, exploring the terminology used to describe the various aspects of conflict. You will not leave this class without getting to know the vocabulary for important stuff, such as army, navy, gun or even helmet in Portuguese!

Vocabulary for War in Portuguese

example with war in portuguese: os alunos conheceram mais sobre a marinha do brasil!

Let’s begin by understand some of the most important parts of this vocabulary in Portuguese! We separated the words in sections, so you can understand them more easily while you learn Portuguese with us!

Warfare and Combat Terms

Let’s learn the vocabulary related to the warfare, like how to say army and navy in Portuguese!

Guerra (War): The overarching term for war in Portuguese.

Batalha (Battle): Refers to a specific engagement between opposing forces.

Exército (Army): The land-based military forces of a nation.

Marinha (Navy): The naval forces responsible for protecting a country’s waters.

Força Aérea (Air Force): The branch of the military responsible for aerial operations.

Tropas (Troops): Refers to soldiers or military personnel.

Ataque (Attack): An offensive action against an enemy.

Defesa (Defense): Actions taken to protect against an attack.

Estratégia (Strategy): The planning and execution of military operations.

Uniform and Clothing

It’s not only a gun someone in military needs: they also need their uniform, their helmet… and do you know how to say those in Portuguese?

Uniforme (Uniform): Name for distinctive clothing worn by members of the same school or army.

Farda (Military Uniform): This is a specific way to say uniform when we talk about the military in Portuguese.

Epauletes (Epaulette): This is a type of ornamental shoulder piece used as rank display by armed forces and other organizations.

Quepes (Caps): A type of cap but when it’s used by the military.

Camuflagem (Camouflage.): The pattern of colors and designs on the combat uniform, designed to aid in concealment in natural environments.

Coturno (Combat Boots): A type of rugged military boot used for combat and training.

Capacete (Helmet): A type of resistant hat in Portuguese to be used in war zones.

Guns and Weapons in Portuguese

Bomba (Bomb): Generic term for explosives.

Míssil (Missile): A missile is a guided projectile designed for a variety of purposes, including military, scientific, or space exploration, which can be launched and directed towards a specific target.

Torpedo (Torpedo): A torpedo is a self-propelled underwater weapon designed to target and destroy enemy ships or submarines by detonating upon contact or through proximity sensors.

Bala / Projétil (Bullet): The projectile fired from a firearm.

Calibre (Caliber): The diameter of the bullet and the internal dimensions of the firearm’s barrel.

Cartucho (Cartridge): A complete unit of ammunition, typically consisting of a case, primer, powder, and bullet.

Arma (Gun / Weapon): Generic term to any firearm in Portuguese.

Espingarda / Rifle (Rifle / Shotgun): A long-barreled firearm designed for accurate shooting at longer ranges.

Carabina (Carbine): A shorter and lighter version of a rifle, often used by support troops or for close-quarters combat.

Metralhadora (Machine Gun): A compact, automatic firearm typically chambered for pistol cartridges and used in close combat situations.

Fuzil de Assalto (Assault Rifle): A selective-fire rifle designed for both automatic and semi-automatic firing, suitable for infantry.

Pistola (Pistol): A short-barreled firearm designed for one-handed use.

Revólver (Revolver): A pistol with a rotating cylinder containing multiple chambers for bullets.

Ranking of Military People

Soldado / Recruta (Private / Recruit): The lowest enlisted rank, typically held by new recruits.

Cabo (Corporal): A non-commissioned officer responsible for leading small units.

Sargento (Sergeant): A higher-ranking non-commissioned officer often responsible for larger groups of soldiers.

Tenente (Lieutenant): The lowest officer rank.

Capitão (Captain): A mid-level officer responsible for company-sized units.

Major (Major): An intermediate field officer rank.

Tenente- Coronel (Lieutenant Colonel): A high-ranking field officer.

Coronel (Colonel): A senior field officer.

Brigadeiro (Brigadier General): A general officer rank responsible for larger units and staff positions. It’s also the name for a incredible dessert, made in homage to a Brigadeiro.

General (General): The highest attainable rank in many military organizations.

Almirante (Admiral): The highest naval rank.

Types of Military Transportation

example of means of transportation in the military in Portuguese: avião militar.

It doesn’t matter if we are talking in Portuguese about the army or the navy, we need to know how to pronounce their means of transportation! If you want to know about civil means of transportation as well, take a look at our complete Dica about it!

Tanque (Tank): An armored combat vehicle with heavy firepower, primarily used in armored warfare.

Caminhão (Truck): A motor vehicle designed for carrying cargo, troops, or equipment.

Comboio (Convoy): A group of military vehicles traveling together for mutual protection and support during transportation.

Avião (Plane): A plane is a generic term to any means of transportation that travels in the air.

Helicóptero (Helicopter): A versatile aircraft used for troop transport, reconnaissance, medical evacuation, and more.

Navio (Ship): A large vessel used for transporting troops, supplies, and conducting naval operations.

Submarino (Submarine): A watercraft capable of underwater operations, often used for stealthy reconnaissance and combat.

Frota (Fleet): A group of naval ships operating together, often under a single command.

Drones (Drones) – Remote-controlled aircraft used for reconnaissance, surveillance, and sometimes combat.

Conflict and Diplomacy Terms

Conflito (Conflict): The broader term for any disagreement or dispute, not limited to armed conflict.

Negociação (Negotiation): Diplomatic discussions aimed at resolving conflicts peacefully.

Aliança (Alliance): A formal agreement between nations for mutual support.

Trégua (Truce): A temporary suspension of hostilities.

Paz (Peace): The ultimate goal of ending all hostilities.

Militar (Military): Pertaining to the armed forces or warfare.

Belicoso (Bellicose): Characterized by a willingness to fight or go to war.

Pacífico (Peaceful): The opposite of belicoso, describing a state of peace.

Hostil (Hostile): Indicates an unfriendly or antagonistic attitude.

Destrutivo (Destructive): Refers to actions or weapons that cause significant damage.

Emotions and Consequences

War is not only about gun or helmet in Portuguese! We also must understand the emotions behind it! If you want to learn all about emotions, we have a Dica just about it!

Medo (Fear): A common emotion experienced in times of war.

Sofrimento (Suffering): The pain and distress caused by conflict.

Solidariedade (Solidarity): The sense of unity and support that can arise during war.

Luto (Mourning): The collective grief for those lost in war.

International Organizations and Treaties

Just like the treats that we are going to learn below, you can also make a treat with yourself: continue learning Portuguese! And if you get a chance, perhaps get some online Portuguese classes with us to deepen your knowledge!

Tratado (Treaty): A formal agreement between nations to address specific issues, including those related to war and peace.

ONU (United Nations): The Portuguese abbreviation for the United Nations.

OTAN (NATO): The Portuguese acronym for the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

War is a sobering and complex topic, and the Portuguese language provides a nuanced vocabulary to discuss its various aspects. Would you prefer to participate in a army or a navy while talking in Portuguese? As we explore these terms, may we also remember the importance of striving for peace and diplomacy whenever possible! Now you know how to say army, navy, gun, helmet and more in Portuguese.

Click on the links below to see more related Dicas
Brazil Politics
Is Rio de Janeiro Safe?
Brazil Independence Day
Hospital in Portuguese

This post is also available in: English Português (Portuguese) Español (Spanish)

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