Portuguese Plural

Ejemplo del plural en portugués: As garrafas e os copos.

What’s up! Tudo bem? In today’s free Portuguese lesson we are going to talk about the Portuguese plural

Plural in Portuguese

The Portuguese plural can be a little tricky, but don’t worry because we are here to help you! Studying Portuguese with us will make sure you understand how to speak in the plural form. For every plural word there are different rules, so we will be looking at each one of them. But first take a look at this table:

Ending in Change to Add
vowel -s
-ão -ãos -ães -ões
-s -es
-r -z -n -es
-m -ns
-al -el -ol -ul -l to -is
-il -es or -eis

Plural for words ending with a vowel

Let’s start with plural words ending in a, e, i, o, u. The rule is simple: If the word ends in a vowel and it’s singular, just adding an S at the end of the word makes it plural. 

Casa Casas House Houses
Pé Pés Foot Feet
Açaí Açaís Açaí Açaís
Corpo Corpos Body Bodies
u us Defendant Defendants

Plural for words ending in R

If a word ends in R, just add -ES at end.

Professor Professores Teacher Teachers
Ator Atores Actor Actors
Cantor Cantores Singer Singers
Sabor Sabores Taste / Flavor Tastes / Flavors
Amor Amores Love Love


Plural for words ending in Z

Similarly to the rules previously mentioned, if a words ends with a -Z, then we must add -ES at the end.

Gravidez Gravidezes Pregnancy Pregnancies
Raiz Raízes Root Roots
Matriz Matrizes Headquarter Headquarters
Rapaz Rapazes Boy Boys
Nariz Narizes Nose Noses

Portuguese plural for words ending in -M

When a word ends with an -M, to make it plural we must replace -M with -NS.

Homem Homens Man Men
Garçom Garçons Waiter Waiters
Trem Trens Train Trains
Imagem Imagens Image Images
Garagem Garagens Garage Garages


Portuguese plural for words ending in L

There are two types of plurals for words ending with an L. If the word ends in -al, -el, -il, -ol, -ul and the tonic syllable is in the end then we switch -L for -is.

Animal Animais Animal Animals
Fiel Fieis Loyal Loyal
Barril Barris Barrel Barrels
Farol Faróis Lighthouse Lighthouses
Azul Azuis Blue Blue

For words ending in -il that have a previous syllable with an accent mark, then there is change between -il to -eis.

Réptil Répteis Repitile Repitiles
Fértil Férteis Fertile Fertile
Têxtil Têxteis Textile Textiles

Plural for words ending in S

We also have two rules for words ending with the letter S. If the word has an accent in the first syllable, nothing happens, basically the word stays the same.

Ônibus Ônibus Bus Buses
Lápis Lápis Pencil Pencils
Bônus Bônus Bonus Bonuses

If the words have an accent in the ending syllable, then we add an -ES. After becoming a plural word, the accent mark is taken away.

Francês Franceses French French
Camponês Camponeses Peasant Peasants
Norueguês Noruegueses Norwegian Norwegian
Inglês Ingleses English English
Freguês Fregueses Customer Customers

To help you a little more, here’s a tip: if the word ends in -S and is a monosyllable, to make the plural you’ll just add -ES.

s Meses Month Months

Portuguese plural for words ending in -X

The words ending in -X also don’t vary in the plural form, they stay the same.

Latex Latex Latex Latex
Xérox Xérox Xérox Xérox
Pirex Pirex Pirex Pirex

Portuguese plural for words ending in -ÃO

In the past we are explained to you about the plural os words ending in -ão. The words are made plural in various ways, depending on the rules that apply. Check all the rules in our old Dica about this. 

Pão Pães Bread Bread
Alemão Alemães German German
Capitão Capitães Captain Captains
Órgão Órgãos Organ Organs
Irmão Irmãos Brother Brothers
Cidadão Cidadãos Citizen Citizens
Estação Estações Station Stations
Limão Limões Lemon Lemons
Razão Razões Reason Reasons

Portuguese plural for words ending in -zinho/a

The words that end in -zinho/a are diminutive forms of some word. To turn them into the plural form you just add -S at the end too. Don’t remember your Portuguese lesson about diminutive? Check out our Dica about this and see that the diminutives don’t express only little things.

Viagenzinha Viagenzinhas Little trip Little trips
Irmãozinho Irmãozinhos Little brother Little brothers
Mãezinha Mãezinhas Dear mother Dear mothers
Cidadezinha Cidadezinhas Little city Little cities

Portuguese plural for compound nouns

When we have compound nouns the plural form can vary too. The compound words that don’t have a hyphen follow the same rules as the simple nouns.

Aguardente Aguardentes Spirit Spirits
Aeromoço Aeromoços Flight Attendant  Flight Attendants
Girassol Girassóis Sunflower Sunflowers

However, if the compound word has an hyphen, the rules change. If the word if formed by a noun+adjective or noun+number both of them are going into the plural form.

Quinta-feira Quintas-feiras Thursday Thursdays
Gentil-homem Gentis-homens Kind man Kind men

Palavra-chave Palavras-chave or Palavras-chaves Keyword Keywords Couve-flor Couves-flor or Couves-flores Cauliflower Cauliflowers Bomba-relógio Bombas-relógio or Bombas-relógios Time bomb Time bombs

If the compound word is formed by a verb+noun, just the noun goes into the plural:

Guarda-roupa Guarda-roupas Wardrobe Wardrobes
Guarda-sol Guarda-sóis Parasol Parasols
Guarda-chuva Guarda-chuvas Umbrella Umbrellas

If the compound form has a preposition with it, to form the plural you put only the first word in the plural.

Água-de-colônia Águas-de-colônia Cologne Cologne
Pé-de-moleque s-de-moleque

This post is also available in: English Português (Portuguese) Español (Spanish)

2 Responses

  1. You are welcome! Did you subscribe to our A Dica do Dia? It will send a new Dica everyday directly to your email!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Search for Portuguese Dicas

Tell us which Portuguese lesson you would like to learn


Generic selectors
Exact matches only
Search in title
Search in content
Post Type Selectors

Suscribe to A Dica do Dia.

Get free Portuguese lessons. Subscribe to A Dica do Dia and get short, daily lessons in Portuguese completely free.

Based on 321 reviews
I’ve just started online classes with Prof. Ana Carolina & she is the absolute best! It’s my first time learning Portuguese and I was speaking full sentences in the first class. Obrigada!
Katie Andrews
Katie Andrews
Small classes, diverse accents, and engaging professors make Rio & Learn Online a fantastic choice! I've been thrilled with my experience at Rio & Learn Online so far. The small class sizes (around 1-3 others students) allow for personalized attention and plenty of opportunities to practice speaking. What's more, having different professors throughout the program exposes you to various accents, preparing you for real-world interactions. I opted for the full-time program, which involves 2 hours of daily learning from Monday to Friday. After just over 12 weeks, I can confidently say my Portuguese has improved dramatically. The professors are incredibly engaging and encourage students to utilize real-life examples, solidifying the learning process. While I'm only halfway through the program, I'm confident in recommending Rio & Learn Online to anyone seeking to learn Portuguese in a supportive and effective environment. I've gone from being a complete beginner (only knowing hi and bye) to holding conversations - and I'm excited to see how much further I can progress! I'll be back with another review after completing the program, but for now: Rio & Learn Online - highly recommended!
Mona Hinamanu
Mona Hinamanu
I have been taking Portuguese classes with Rio and Learn for a few months. I appreciate their methodology. It is enjoyable and I am challenged and improving every day!
Bryan Beaver
Bryan Beaver
My teachers Lucas, Ana Paula and Paulo were all excellent as well as very friendly and funny. It was a really enjoyable experience and I met loads of interesting new people.
David Smith
David Smith
Rio & Learn e um novo jeito de ensinar a lingua portuguesa. Puro prazer e muito eficiente. Quanto mais alunos na aula mais vida. Eu aconselho voces escolher as aulas grupais por porque sao interativas: rir, falar, argumentar, compartir uma lingua!
Dominique Jacquin
Dominique Jacquin
Après 3 semaines que je suis dans cette école et je peux déjà parler portugais. Certe avec des erreurs mais j'ai fait des progrès fulgurant. En plus, du Lundi au Vendredi l'ecole propose des activitées qu'il appelle "Rio Live" ce qui permet de visiter en même temps Rio tout en parlant Portugais et de rencontrer des gens😃 Toute l'équipe est genial et est prêts à aider si besoin 😁
I've been taking the group online courses with Rio&Learn for 2 months. They offer a fantastic way to learn Portuguese and get speaking practice if you don't live in Brazil. The teachers are engaging and are able to adjust their level of Portuguese to whatever level you are at. Obrigado!
Jake H
Jake H
C'est vraiment fantastique...RioAndLearn. Les cours de portugais...ça vaut vraiment la peine. Les cours ont lieu du lundi au vendredi, (de 9h à 13h) et en après midi, ce sont des activités libres en groupe. (Soccer de plage, volleyball , excursions, visites des lieux touristiques, etc) Vendredi soir, on est allé à Lapa, un quartier nocturne de Rio. C'est quelque chose à voir! Des rues bondées de monde, des orchestres, des discothèques...Allô les décibels! L'apprentissage du portugais se fait en immersion, aussi bien en salle de classe que dans les activités extérieures organisées par Rio&Learn. On est plongé dans la langue portugaise et la culture Brésilienne.... Obligé de parler portugais....🫡 Je le recommande. Pierre Pedro, Montréal, Canada
M54 “M5454” 54
M54 “M5454” 54