A Dica do dia. O plural em português. As formas do plural em português.

What’s up, guys! Beleza?
In today’s Dica we are going to talk about the plural in Portuguese

Plural in Portuguese

For every plural word there are different rules so we are going to see each one of them. Let’s start with plural words ending in a, e, i, o, u.

Plural for words ending with a vowel

The rule is simple. If the word ends in a vowel and it’s singular, just adding an S at the end of the word makes it plural. 

Casa
Pé
Açaí
Corpo
u
Casas
Pés
Açaís
Corpos
us
House
Foot
Açaí
Body
Defendant
Houses
Feet
Açaís
Bodies
Defendants

 

Plural for words ending in R

If a word ends in R, just add -ES at end.

Professor
Ator
Cantor
Sabor
Amor
Professores
Atores
Cantores
Sabores
Amores
Teacher
Actor
Singer
Taste / Flavor

Love
Teachers
Actors
Singers
Tastes / Flavors
Love

 

Plural for words ending in Z

Similarly to the rules previously mentioned, if a words ends with a -Z, then we must add -ES at the end.

Gravidez
Raiz
Matriz
Rapaz
Nariz
Gravidezes
Raízes
Matrizes
Rapazes
Narizes
Pregnancy
Root
Headquarter
Boy

Nose
Pregnancies
Roots
Headquarters
Boys
Noses

 

Plural for words ending in -M

When a word ends with an -M, to make it plural we must replace -M with -NS.

Homem
Garçom
Trem
Imagem
Garagem
Homens
Garçons
Trens
Imagens
Garagens
Man
Waiter
Train
Image
Garage
Men
Waiters
Trains
Images
Garages

 

Plural for words ending in L

There are two types of plurals for words ending with an L. If the word ends in -al, -el, -il, -ol, -ul and the tonic syllable is in the end then we switch -l for -is.

Animal
Fiel
Barril
Farol
Azul
Animais
Fieis
Barris
Faróis
Azuis
Animal
Loyal
Barrel
Lighthouse
Blue
Animals
Loyals
Barrels
Lighthouses
Blue

For words ending in -il, but has a previous syllable with an accent mark, then there is chance between -il to -eis.

Réptil
Fértil
Têxtil
Répteis
Férteis
Têxteis
Repitile
Fertile
Textile
Repitiles
Fertile
Textiles

 

Plural for words ending in S

We also have two rules for words ending with an S. If the word has an accent in the first syllable, nothing happens, basically the word stays the same.

Ônibus
Lápis
Bônus
Ônibus
Lápis
Bônus
Bus
Pencil
Bonus
Buses
Pencils
Bonuses

If the words have an accent in the ending syllable, then we add an -es. After becoming a plural word, the accent mark is taken away.

Francês
Camponês
Norueguês
Inglês
Freguês
Franceses
Camponeses
Noruegueses
Ingleses
Fregueses
French
Peasant
Norwegian
English
Customer
French
Peasants
Norwegian
English
Customers

 

Plural for words ending in -ÃO

Words ending in -ão are made plural in various ways, depending on the rules that apply. Check all the rules on our Dica.

Pão
Alemão
Capitão
Órgão
Irmão
Cidadão
Estação
Limão
Razão
Pães
Alemães
Capitães
Órgãos
Irmãos
Cidadãos
Estações
Limões
Razões
Bread
German
Captain
Organ
Brother
Citizen
Station
Lemon
Reason
Bread
German
Captains
Organs
Brothers
Citizens
Stations
Lemons
Reasons

That’s it guys!
Now we know about the plural in Portuguese, all that is left is using what we have learned. If you have any questions or doubts, tweet us!

Until the next Dica!

Bye!

Ler esta Dica em Português           Leer esta Dica en Español
Click on the links below to see more related Dicas
Plural of words ending in vowels
Plural of the words ending in L
Plural of the words ending in ÃO
Words ending in Ção in Portuguese
Indefinite articles in Portuguese
Definite Article in Portuguese
Nouns in Portuguese
Genders in Portuguese

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